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# Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person  [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2016, 21:17
seanick wrote:
abhimahna, I'd appreciate some help.
Judging by the fact that barely anyone has disagreed with the OA as C, I feel I'm not picking something very obvious in this question.
About C: Sure, long-term medication will add to the treatment cost of \$11,000, but we don't know how much. It could be less than \$1,500, which is the difference of the two mentioned amounts. It could also be more. Since the amount isn't mentioned, nor is any indicator of the significance of the extra cost mentioned, I ruled out C.
About A: The prethinking fort this question for me was: 'The therapeutic cost is higher than a one-time average treatment cost. A statement telling us that the therapy saves the elderly from multiple falls could weaken the conclusion.' Option A tells us exactly that. People who didn't undergo the entire therapy had more falls than did the people who underwent the entire therapy. So, the therapy's cost is indeed justified. Multiple falls * \$11,000 > One time therapy cost of \$12,500.

option C is telling just about the cons of emergency treatment but no mention of the new program. So, how the answer C can be.Moreover , the conclusion is about new program . we have the an aspect of New program. The option D gives some positive points. therefore answer should be D
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person  [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2016, 21:34
1
robu, D talks about overmedication. We don't know if the treatment for fall involves overmedication.
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person  [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2017, 19:36
Can somebody please explain why E is wrong?
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person  [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2017, 00:32
Can someone explain why Option E is wrong?

Could it not be possible that regular visits of health professionals is the reason for additional cost (in case of 12500\$)? It could/could not be. Is that the reason this answer choice is wrong?

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2017, 05:02
Chef wrote:
Can someone explain why Option E is wrong?

Could it not be possible that regular visits of health professionals is the reason for additional cost (in case of 12500\$)? It could/could not be. Is that the reason this answer choice is wrong?

Hi Chef ,

Here I go:

E is actually a strengthener to the argument. It is saying the new technique is going to have more costs and thus what the author concluded "it is not justified" is true.

Plus, why this cost os more is irrelevant. What author said is still true.

But we need to weaken the conclusion. Hence, E is out.

Does that make sense?
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person  [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2017, 00:24
Hello Moderators,

Do you think the question tag should include 'weaken' as well? That way it will be clear that this question is not a completely 'conclusion' family. It may help some people (like me) who are trying to search for questions using Tags for practice.

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person  [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2017, 01:11
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susheelh wrote:
Hello Moderators,

Do you think the question tag should include 'weaken' as well? That way it will be clear that this question is not a completely 'conclusion' family. It may help some people (like me) who are trying to search for questions using Tags for practice.

I agree. I added the appropriate tag. Thank you.
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person  [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2017, 01:19
Thank you abhimahna!

I have come across few more posts on the forum with similar observations. Some do not have OA as well. I have addressed them to the moderators. I hope the other moderators are as quick as you are in addressing those observations

PS: Absolutely LOVED your debrief of Verbal journey. Very inspiring as well. Congratulations on the Dream score!

abhimahna wrote:
susheelh wrote:
Hello Moderators,

Do you think the question tag should include 'weaken' as well? That way it will be clear that this question is not a completely 'conclusion' family. It may help some people (like me) who are trying to search for questions using Tags for practice.

I agree. I added the appropriate tag. Thank you.

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person  [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2017, 01:24
susheelh wrote:
Thank you abhimahna!

I have come across few more posts on the forum with similar observations. Some do not have OA as well. I have addressed them to the moderators. I hope the other moderators are as quick as you are in addressing those observations

PS: Absolutely LOVED your debrief of Verbal journey. Very inspiring as well. Congratulations on the Dream score!

Thank you. Please bring those posts to my notice. I will update all.
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person  [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2018, 06:45
GMATNinja KarishmaB
Could you please help in eliminating option D here.I think this acts as a strengthener as well.
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person  [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2018, 07:33
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warrior1991 wrote:
GMATNinja KarishmaB
Could you please help in eliminating option D here.I think this acts as a strengthener as well.

Try checking out this explanation if you haven't already: https://gmatclub.com/forum/economist-on ... l#p1631764. If that doesn't clear up your doubts, let us know?
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person  [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2018, 21:47
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sondenso wrote:
Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person for injuries resulting from a fall costs \$11,000. A new therapeutic program can significantly reduce an elderly person's chances of falling. Though obviously desirable for many reasons, this treatment program will cost \$12,500 and thus cannot be justified.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion of the argument?

(A) Among elderly people who had followed the program for only a few months, the number of serious falls reported was higher than it was for people who had followed the program for its recommended minimum length of one year.

(B) Falls resulting in serious injuries are less common among elderly people living in nursing homes than they are among elderly people who live alone at home.

(C) A frequent result of injuries sustained in falls is long-term pain, medication for which is not counted among the average per-person costs of emergency treatment for elderly people's injuries from such falls.

(D) The new therapeutic program focuses on therapies other than medication, since overmedication can cause disorientation and hence increase the likelihood that an elderly person will have a serious fall.

(E) A significant portion of the cost of the new therapeutic program is represented by regular visits by health care professionals, the costs of which tend to increase more rapidly than do those of other elements of the program.

Premises:
Cost of emergency treatment from a fall - \$11,000
Cost of new therapeutic program that can reduce chances of fall - \$12,500 (though desirable from other angles)

Conclusion:
New program cannot be justified due to higher cost

We need to weaken this. Note that the argument concedes that the program has other benefits. It says that since its cost is higher, hence it is not justified. We need to weaken it from the cost perspective. That is, we need to say how the new program may actually turn out cheaper than cost of treatment.

(A) Among elderly people who had followed the program for only a few months, the number of serious falls reported was higher than it was for people who had followed the program for its recommended minimum length of one year.

We need make the new program justifiable in terms of cost too. Not the correct option.

(B) Falls resulting in serious injuries are less common among elderly people living in nursing homes than they are among elderly people who live alone at home.

Irrelevant

(C) A frequent result of injuries sustained in falls is long-term pain, medication for which is not counted among the average per-person costs of emergency treatment for elderly people's injuries from such falls.

Here is the answer. It says that cost of emergency treatment is actually much higher than \$11,000 mentioned (because of long term medication required). Hence this justifies the expense of \$12,500 for the new treatment.

(D) The new therapeutic program focuses on therapies other than medication, since overmedication can cause disorientation and hence increase the likelihood that an elderly person will have a serious fall.

This option tells us HOW the new program reduces the chances of fall. It doesn't talk about the cost of the program. Note that the author talks about the program having benefits. He says it is not justified from the cost perspective. That is what we need to focus on. Hence this is not the correct option.

(E) A significant portion of the cost of the new therapeutic program is represented by regular visits by health care professionals, the costs of which tend to increase more rapidly than do those of other elements of the program.

What comprises the big part of \$12,500 and how this will change over time is irrelevant. Anyway, if the cost of \$12,500 is going to rapidly increase over time, that makes the new program even less justifiable.

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2018, 21:28
GMATNinja KarishmaB

Thank you!! I got this now.
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person  [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2018, 01:07
Imo C
The argument presents us with two plans for elderly. The cost associated with the new plan is higher than that of old plan.
So we have to some how show that the cost of the old program is higher than the new program.

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person  [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2018, 01:09
Imo C
The argument presents us with two plans for elderly. The cost associated with the new plan is higher than that of old plan.
So we have to some how show that the cost of the old program is higher than the new program.

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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person  [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2019, 00:51
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Re: Economist: On average, the emergency treatment for an elderly person   [#permalink] 11 Sep 2019, 00:51

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