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# Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr

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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 15:27
I have chosen the answer C for this question:

The structure of the passage is as follows
- The first 2 sentences are used as facts to introduce the topic and situation
- The next sentence describes the efficiency experts observation
- The next sentence is the efficiency experts conclusion
- The last sentence is the editorial's main conclusion

Notice that the main conclusion of this passage is that the editorial rejects the efficiency experts conclusion.

A. This cannot be the correct answer. The first part of the answer choice is incorrect because the accuracy of the first boldface is not disputed by the editorial. The second part of the answer choice states that the second boldface is a conclusion that supports the main conclusion. We know immediately that this is not true because the editorial rejects the experts conclusion.

B. The first part of the answer choice is incorrect. The editorial never disputes the observation; Instead, the editorial disputes the experts conclusion. Also, the second boldface is not a conclusion.

C. This is the correct answer. The first boldface is indeed a finding or observation that is used to support the experts conclusion. The second is a premise that is used to support the experts conclusion.

D. The first boldface does not support the main conclusion - again the editorial rejects the experts conclusion. The second boldface is not a conclusion because it is preceded by a premise indicator "because."

E. The first boldface is not a conclusion. The second boldface does not support this conclusion.
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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2012, 04:58
C it is..
Note that the main conclusion of this passage is that the editorial rejects the efficiency experts conclusion.
Cheers..!
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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2012, 18:45
2
1
For this question it is key to discern the difference between the argument (the efficiency expert's recommendation) and the editorial, which disagrees with the argument set forth by the efficiency expert.

The argument is that the watch commander is superfluous because he/she approves almost all of the provisional arrests.

The bold-faced parts are as follows:

1) almost all provisional arrests meet the standards for adequacy of evidence that the watch commanders enforce.

2) the officers’ time spent obtaining approval is largely wasted

Conclusion of expert: the watch commander's approval is no longe required.

Conclusion of editorial: the expert is wrong because without a watch commander's approval standards will become more lax.

The first point is a premise that helps efficiency expert draw his/her conclusion. The second point, however, is not the conclusion, but instead also undergirds the expert's conclusion: if the officers' time is wasted, then his/her role should be discontinued.

We will see this recapitulated in the language of (C):

(C) The first is a finding that was used in support of a proposal that the editorial
opposes; the second is a judgment that was based on that finding and in turn was
used to support the proposal. ANSWER

(D) is incorrect because it says that 1) is used to support the editorial's conclusion. However 1) is used to support the efficiency expert's conclusion.
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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 03 Nov 2012, 11:49
2
Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is provisional until the officer has taken the suspect to the
police station and the watch commander has officially approved the arrest. Such approval is denied if the
commander judges that the evidence onwhich the provisional arrest is based is insufficient. A government
efficiency expert has observed that almost all provisional arrests meet the standards for adequacy of
evidence that the watch commanders enforce
. The expert has therefore recommended that, because the
officers' time spent obtaining approval is largely wasted
, the watch commander's approval nolonger be
required. This recommendation should be rejected as dangerous, however, since there is no assurance that the
watch commanders' standards will continue to be observed once approval is no longer required.

In the editorial, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim, the accuracy of which is disputed bythe editorial; the second is a conclusion drawn in
orderto support the main conclusion of the editorial.

(B) The first is an observation that the editorial disputes; the second is a conclusion that was drawn from that
observation.

(C) The first is a finding that was used in support of a proposal that the editorial opposes; the second is a
judgment that was based on that finding and in turn was used to supportthe proposal.

(D) The first is a fin ding introduced to supportthe main conclusion of the editorial; the second is that main
conclusion.

(E) The first is a conclusion, the evidence for which the editorial evaluates; the second is part of the evidence
cited in favor of that conclusion.
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Originally posted by carcass on 03 Nov 2012, 02:50.
Last edited by carcass on 03 Nov 2012, 11:49, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2012, 03:05
carcass wrote:
Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is provisional until the officer has taken the suspect to the
police station and the watch commander has officially approved the arrest. Such approval is denied if the
commander judges that the evidence onwhich the provisional arrest is based is insufficient. A government
efficiency expert has observed that almost all provisional arrests meet the standards for adequacy of
evidence that the watch commanders enforce
. The expert has therefore recommended that, because the
officers' time spent obtaining approval is largely wasted
, the watch commander's approval nolonger be
required. This recommendation should be rejected as dangerous, however, since there is no assurance that the
watch commanders' standards will continue to be observed once approval is no longer required.

In the editorial, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim, the accuracy of which is disputed bythe editorial; the second is a conclusion drawn in
orderto support the main conclusion of the editorial.

(B) The first is an observation that the editorial disputes; the second is a conclusion that was drawn from that
observation.

(C) The first is a finding that was used in support of a proposal that the editorial opposes; the second is a
judgment that was based on that finding and in turn was used to supportthe proposal.

(D) The first is a fin ding introduced to supportthe main conclusion of the editorial; the second is that main
conclusion.

(E) The first is a conclusion, the evidence for which the editorial evaluates; the second is part of the evidence
cited in favor of that conclusion.

What is the OA?

Basically in this passage, there is a fact, probably with support of some data, that all provisional arrests meet the standards. This fact however has been used in stating an effect of this fact,and to recommend something that author opposes.
Ans C clearly defines role of each bold face as per this understanding.

Hence Ans C it is.
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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 04 Nov 2012, 04:26
Waiting other responses.

This was difficult, I would like to see more post from novices than from experts
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Originally posted by carcass on 03 Nov 2012, 03:49.
Last edited by carcass on 04 Nov 2012, 04:26, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2012, 04:02
carcass wrote:
Waiting other responses.

This was difficult, I would like to see more post from novices than from experts

And I consider myself a novice, thus u got the post u were looking for
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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2012, 11:49
ya right :D novice.............

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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2012, 04:20
Yup C it is..second bf is not conclusion..!!..Choice A B D gone..!!

E..first is not conclusion..its finding..which is mentioned in C..therefor correct

carcass wrote:
Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is provisional until the officer has taken the suspect to the
police station and the watch commander has officially approved the arrest. Such approval is denied if the
commander judges that the evidence onwhich the provisional arrest is based is insufficient. A government
efficiency expert has observed that almost all provisional arrests meet the standards for adequacy of
evidence that the watch commanders enforce
. The expert has therefore recommended that, because the
officers' time spent obtaining approval is largely wasted
, the watch commander's approval nolonger be
required. This recommendation should be rejected as dangerous, however, since there is no assurance that the
watch commanders' standards will continue to be observed once approval is no longer required.

In the editorial, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim, the accuracy of which is disputed bythe editorial; the second is a conclusion drawn in
orderto support the main conclusion of the editorial. (first is not a claim, second is not conclusion)..wrong..

(B) The first is an observation that the editorial disputes; the second is a conclusion that was drawn from that
observation.(First is not obersvation, again like A..Second is not conclusion)

(C) The first is a finding that was used in support of a proposal that the editorial opposes; the second is a
judgment that was based on that finding and in turn was used to supportthe proposal.(correct, first is a finding that was used to support..second is judgement and suprtng the puposal..agreed..!!)

(D) The first is a fin ding introduced to supportthe main conclusion of the editorial; the second is that main
conclusion.

(E) The first is a conclusion, the evidence for which the editorial evaluates; the second is part of the evidence
cited in favor of that conclusion.

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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2012, 23:30
There was a recommendation to remove watch commanders approval when a provisional arrest is made. The editorial rejects the said recommendation stating it as dangerous.

First Bold face statement: almost all provisional arrests meet the standards for adequacy of evidence that the watch commanders enforce
It is supporting the proposal made ie it is supporting the proposal of removing the watch commanders approval process.
But this proposal is being opposed by the editorial.

Second bold face statement : the officers' time spent obtaining approval is largely wasted
The proposal to remove the wathc commanders approval process when a provisional arrest is made actually judges that the officers time is wasted in the process of getting an approval from watch commander. Hence, this is a judgement passed by the proposal but the same proposal is being opposed by the editorial.

Choice C fits the bill perfectly.

Hope this helps
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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2013, 05:26
Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is provisional until the officer has taken the suspect to the
police station and the watch commander has officially approved the arrest. Such approval is denied if the
commander judges that the evidence onwhich the provisional arrest is based is insufficient. A government
efficiency expert has observed that almost all provisional arrests meet the standards for adequacy of
evidence that the watch commanders enforce
. The expert has therefore recommended that, because the
officers' time spent obtaining approval is largely wasted
, the watch commander's approval nolonger be
required. This recommendation should be rejected as dangerous, however, since there is no assurance that the
watch commanders' standards will continue to be observed once approval is no longer required.

In the editorial, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim, the accuracy of which is disputed bythe editorial; the second is a conclusion drawn in
orderto support the main conclusion of the editorial. No dispute

(B) The first is an observation that the editorial disputes; the second is a conclusion that was drawn from that
observation. No dispute

(C) The first is a finding that was used in support of a proposal that the editorial opposes; the second is a
judgment that was based on that finding and in turn was used to supportthe proposal.

(D) The first is a fin ding introduced to supportthe main conclusion of the editorial; the second is that main
conclusion.
Second is not the conclusion. I have highlighted the conclusion in Green

(E) The first is a conclusion, the evidence for which the editorial evaluates; the second is part of the evidence
cited in favor of that conclusion.First is not the conclusion. I have highlighted the conclusion in Green
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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2013, 08:35
Not sure how 1st BF is a finding, as the passage clearly states that
Quote:
A government
efficiency expert has observed that almost all provisional arrests meet the standards for adequacy of
evidence that the watch commanders enforce
.

So 1st BF must be an Observation as Findings are more rigorous and must be appropriately tested using tightly controlled variables.
Although I must admit that the 2nd BF is not really a conclusion but Choice B is the best.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sanjoo wrote:
Yup C it is..second bf is not conclusion..!!..Choice A B D gone..!!

E..first is not conclusion..its finding..which is mentioned in C..therefor correct

carcass wrote:
Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is provisional until the officer has taken the suspect to the
police station and the watch commander has officially approved the arrest. Such approval is denied if the
commander judges that the evidence onwhich the provisional arrest is based is insufficient. A government
efficiency expert has observed that almost all provisional arrests meet the standards for adequacy of
evidence that the watch commanders enforce
. The expert has therefore recommended that, because the
officers' time spent obtaining approval is largely wasted
, the watch commander's approval nolonger be
required. This recommendation should be rejected as dangerous, however, since there is no assurance that the
watch commanders' standards will continue to be observed once approval is no longer required.

In the editorial, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim, the accuracy of which is disputed bythe editorial; the second is a conclusion drawn in
orderto support the main conclusion of the editorial. (first is not a claim, second is not conclusion)..wrong..

(B) The first is an observation that the editorial disputes; the second is a conclusion that was drawn from that
observation.(First is not obersvation, again like A..Second is not conclusion)

(C) The first is a finding that was used in support of a proposal that the editorial opposes; the second is a
judgment that was based on that finding and in turn was used to supportthe proposal.(correct, first is a finding that was used to support..second is judgement and suprtng the puposal..agreed..!!)

(D) The first is a fin ding introduced to supportthe main conclusion of the editorial; the second is that main
conclusion.

(E) The first is a conclusion, the evidence for which the editorial evaluates; the second is part of the evidence
cited in favor of that conclusion.

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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 05 Oct 2013, 13:23
Hi Prasun,

I think that you're mistaken on the first BF passage. Just because it says 'observed' doesn't mean it's simply an observation.

For example 'Darwin observed over a number of years evidence that supported Natural Selection' - you would call this a 'finding' that he had observed lots of evidence.

As you rightly say the 2nd BF is definitely not the overall conclusion, so this alone should put you off B.

C is the official answer and is correct.

Originally posted by plumber250 on 26 Mar 2013, 08:51.
Last edited by Narenn on 05 Oct 2013, 13:23, edited 1 time in total.
All similar threads have been merged.
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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2013, 03:09
Why are you guys posting answers to a different question??? The answer to the first question in the thread is C. and it is the OA.
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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2013, 21:23
I agree with answer C but can someone help me in understanding the stem completely...

Police officers make an arrest which is considered as provisional until he takes that person to the station where the station commander checks if the evidence is sufficient.....
Govt expert says that since whatever standards commander enforces are met by the arrests this commander assessing of sufficiency of evidence should be taken away.....
The editorial rejects this recommendation and introduces a counter premise 'however'...... so this line should talk against the conclusion right.... so even though there is no assurance that the commander does a quality job, editorial still enforces this check step to be needed.... so what do they mean by "once approval is no longer required"? If this check step or approval is not needed/eliminated as per govt expert, commander would no longer be in the scene.... It is taken for granted that police officers make a good job in arresting people.... Shouldn't the last line be "This recommendation should be rejected as dangerous, however, since there is no assurance that the watch commanders’ standards will continue to be observed once this proposal is struck down"
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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2014, 11:46
Amateur wrote:
I agree with answer C but can someone help me in understanding the stem completely...

Police officers make an arrest which is considered as provisional until he takes that person to the station where the station commander checks if the evidence is sufficient.....
Govt expert says that since whatever standards commander enforces are met by the arrests this commander assessing of sufficiency of evidence should be taken away.....
The editorial rejects this recommendation and introduces a counter premise 'however'...... so this line should talk against the conclusion right.... so even though there is no assurance that the commander does a quality job, editorial still enforces this check step to be needed.... so what do they mean by "once approval is no longer required"? If this check step or approval is not needed/eliminated as per govt expert, commander would no longer be in the scene.... It is taken for granted that police officers make a good job in arresting people.... Shouldn't the last line be "This recommendation should be rejected as dangerous, however, since there is no assurance that the watch commanders’ standards will continue to be observed once this proposal is struck down"

It means police officers would not strictly adhere to commanders' standards as they would do when approvals are required and hence there is a possibility that innocent get arrested for no proper evidence.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2014, 20:33
Analyzing the passage itself, the first boldfaced part is something that somebody observed. It is not disputed, but seems to be taken as fact; it is what is happening now.
The second boldfaced part uses the first boldfaced part to draw a conclusion about the situation at hand. Because the provisional arrests mostly have the proper evidence, therefore, the officers are wasting their time waiting for an approval that will most likely come.

NOTE: The boldfaced sections in the initial question above are different than the requoted boldfaced sections in some of the subsequent replies, which is likely why so many people have the wrong answer of B.
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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2014, 20:33
Analyzing the passage itself, the first boldfaced part is something that somebody observed. It is not disputed, but seems to be taken as fact; it is what is happening now.
The second boldfaced part uses the first boldfaced part to draw a conclusion about the situation at hand. Because the provisional arrests mostly have the proper evidence, therefore, the officers are wasting their time waiting for an approval that will most likely come.

NOTE: The boldfaced sections in the initial question above are different than the requoted boldfaced sections in some of the subsequent replies, which is likely why so many people have the wrong answer of B.
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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2014, 19:16
Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is provisional until the officer has taken the suspect to the police station and the watch commander has officially approved the arrest. Such approval is denied if the commander judges that the evidence on which the provisional arrest is based is insufficient. A government efficiency expert has observed that almost all provisional arrests meet the standards for adequacy of evidence that the watch commanders enforce. The expert has therefore recommended that, because the officers’ time spent obtaining approval is largely wasted, the watch commander’s approval no longer be required. This recommendation should be rejected as dangerous, however, since there is no assurance that the watch commanders’ standards will continue to be observed once approval is no longer required.

In the editorial, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim, the accuracy of which is disputed by the editorial; the second is a conclusion drawn in order to support the main conclusion of the editorial.
(B) The first is an observation that the editorial disputes; the second is a conclusion that was drawn from that observation.
(C) The first is a finding that was used in support of a proposal that the editorial opposes; the second is a judgment that was based on that finding and in turn was used to support the proposal.
(D) The first is a finding introduced to support the main conclusion of the editorial; the second is that main conclusion.
(E) The first is a conclusion, the evidence for which the editorial evaluates; the second is part of the evidence cited in favor of that conclusion.

First boldface is clearly an observation as mentioned in boldface sentence itself. Second boldface is starting with “because” (premise marker keyword) that means it is a premise not the conclusion.
So we are looking for Observation(I) + premise(II). Clearly we can rule out choices A, B, D and E. So C is the answer.
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Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2014, 07:09

Both bold portion are not the conclusion ,Therefore we can eliminate choices A,B,D,E

After elimination only option C remains.
Re: Editorial: An arrest made by a Midville police officer is pr &nbs [#permalink] 29 Dec 2014, 07:09

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