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Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local

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Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local economy, Metropolis should not permit a Costmart warehouse department store to open within city limits. Its has been demonstrated that when Costmart opens a warehouse department store within a city, the bankruptcy rate of local retailers increases in that city by twenty percent over the next several years.

Which of the following questions would be most useful for evaluating the conclusion of the editorial:

a. Does the bankruptcy rate of local retailers in a city generally stabilize several years after a Costmart warehouse department store opens ?

b. Do most residents of Metropolis currently do almost all of their shopping at stores within the city limits of Metropolis?

c. Have other cities that have permitted Costmart warehouse department stores within city limits experienced any economic benefits as a result?

d. Is the bankruptcy rate of local retailers in Metropolis higher than in the average city that has permitted a costmart warehouse department store within city limits?

e. Does Costmart plan to hire employees exclusively from within Metropolis for the proposed warehouse department store?

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Need help on what to look for and a methodical approach to solve such kind of questions... OA will be revealed l8r...
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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joshnsit wrote:
Need help on what to look for and a methodical approach to solve such kind of questions... OA will be revealed l8r...


I call these questions "policy proposal" questions, and they always follow the same pattern. Someone suggests a certain course of action (here "don't let Costmart in") and outlines a very specific objective of that course of action (here "in order to preserve the local economy"). Regardless of what the question asks (strengthen/weaken/evaluate), the right answer will almost always be directly related to the specific objective of the policy. So that's the part of the question I zero in on.

Here the argument goes: we don't want Costmart. Why? Bankruptcy goes up. Therefore the local economy will suffer. Well, "higher bankruptcy rate" is not precisely the same thing as "local economy suffers". Maybe the local economy will be helped in other ways, ways that make up for the higher bankruptcy rate. That's why C is the best answer here.
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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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I believe the answer is C. Here is my explanation:

The questions states that when CostMart opens in a city, stores in that city go bankrupt at an increasing rate. Because of this, CostMart should not be allowed to open in Metropolis. To evaluate this claim, one must ask whether or not anything else has happened. For example, if CostMart is causing local retailers to go bankrupt, but providing more jobs and lower prices than those local retailers, that positive may outweigh the negative of the bankruptcy.

C perfectly answers the question. If there are economic benefits that result from CostMart opening, that may outweigh any negatives associated with CostMart's opening.
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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local economy, Metropolis should
not permit a CostMart warehouse department store to open within city limits.
It has been demonstrated that when CostMart opens a warehouse department
store within a city, the bankruptcy rate of local retailers increases in that city by
twenty percent over the next several years.

Which of the following questions would be most useful for evaluating the conclusion
of the Editorial?

(A) Does the bankruptcy rate of local retailers in a city generally stabilize several
years after a CostMart warehouse department store opens?

(B) Do most residents of Metropolis currently do almost all of their shopping at
stores within the city limits of Metropolis?

(C) Have other cities that have permitted CostMart warehouse department
stores within city limits experienced any economic benefits as a result?

(D) Is the bankruptcy rate for local retailers in Metropolis higher than in the average
city that has permitted a CostMart warehouse department store within
city limits?

(E) Does CostMart plan to hire employees exclusively from within Metropolis for
the proposed warehouse department store?
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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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commdiver wrote:
I believe the answer is C. Here is my explanation:

The questions states that when CostMart opens in a city, stores in that city go bankrupt at an increasing rate. Because of this, CostMart should not be allowed to open in Metropolis. To evaluate this claim, one must ask whether or not anything else has happened. For example, if CostMart is causing local retailers to go bankrupt, but providing more jobs and lower prices than those local retailers, that positive may outweigh the negative of the bankruptcy.

C perfectly answers the question. If there are economic benefits that result from CostMart opening, that may outweigh any negatives associated with CostMart's opening.


Commdiver is right. C is the answer because make strong and weak at the same time the question posed

basically the argument says if the costmart opening is good or bad. we know that only and if only we can compare a previous situation, similar, in another area. is logic guys

(A) Does the bankruptcy rate of local retailers in a city generally stabilize severalyears after a CostMart warehouse department store opens? doesn't help

(B) Do most residents of Metropolis currently do almost all of their shopping at stores within the city limits of Metropolis? is not the point

(C) Have other cities that have permitted CostMart warehouse department stores within city limits experienced any economic benefits as a result? if true is better avoiding to permit Costmart to open because it hurts our economy. If is not true, come in Cost mart maybe we can have advantages from this: new hiring and so on

(D) Is the bankruptcy rate for local retailers in Metropolis higher than in the average city that has permitted a CostMart warehouse department store within city limits? well is not useful. we are talking about bankruptcy itself not the average between to city


(E) Does CostMart plan to hire employees exclusively from within Metropolis forthe proposed warehouse department store? exclusively is not the point to make stronger or weaker the argument conclusion

Try to figure out ALWAYS what's going on for the argument at stake. always. this is really an upper level question. do not dive into the options too earlier, try to make the argument simple and do some assumption or to understand the whole picture
Hope this helps
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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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gmatprep2011 wrote:
(B) Do most residents of Metropolis currently do almost all of their shopping at stores within the city limits of Metropolis?

If yes - CostMart opening outside the city may make the plan unsuccessful as people will go outside the city and shop
If no - CostMart opening outside the city may make the plan successful as people will not go outside the city and shop

I know OA is C. With the above logic, why can B not be the answer? Thanks in advance.


We do not want to evaluate if the CostMart will be successful. We want to evaluate this sentence:
"In order to preserve the health of its local economy, Metropolis should not permit a CostMart warehouse department store to open within city limits."

So the argument says: because the CostMart will open, so local economy will suffer.

(C) Have other cities that have permitted CostMart warehouse department stores within city limits experienced any economic benefits as a result?
C asks that, even tough the bankruptcy rate of local retailers increased, the OVERALL economy benefits as a result of the opening. So the local economy as result will not suffer. So even a single result is negative, the sum of all consequences is positive.

(B) Do most residents of Metropolis currently do almost all of their shopping at stores within the city limits of Metropolis?
YES/NO, it's not important which answer this question receives. We can only establish whether residents shops within the city limits, not enough to say that the local economy will suffer as result of the opening.

Hope I've explained myself well
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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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rajathpanta wrote:
Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local economy, Metropolis should
not permit a CostMart warehouse department store to open within city limits.
It has been demonstrated that when CostMart opens a warehouse department
store within a city, the bankruptcy rate of local retailers increases in that city by
twenty percent over the next several years.

Which of the following questions would be most useful for evaluating the conclusion
of the Editorial?

(A) Does the bankruptcy rate of local retailers in a city generally stabilize several
years after a CostMart warehouse department store opens?

(B) Do most residents of Metropolis currently do almost all of their shopping at
stores within the city limits of Metropolis?

(C) Have other cities that have permitted CostMart warehouse department
stores within city limits experienced any economic benefits as a result?

(D) Is the bankruptcy rate for local retailers in Metropolis higher than in the average
city that has permitted a CostMart warehouse department store within
city limits?

(E) Does CostMart plan to hire employees exclusively from within Metropolis for
the proposed warehouse department store?



(B) Do most residents of Metropolis currently do almost all of their shopping at stores within the city limits of Metropolis?

If yes - CostMart opening outside the city may make the plan unsuccessful as people will go outside the city and shop
If no - CostMart opening outside the city may make the plan successful as people will not go outside the city and shop

I know OA is C. With the above logic, why can B not be the answer? Thanks in advance.

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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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mahendru1992 wrote:
but in C aren't we talking about another city? Then how can we assume that the economic benefits in that city will amount to the benefits in this city?


Hi mahendru1992,

Read this part of the argument:
It has been demonstrated that when CostMart opens a warehouse department
store within a city, the bankruptcy rate of local retailers increases in that city by
twenty percent over the next several years.


The statement is a generalized statement applicable to all cities. Citing this fact, if any such city that permitted CostMart warehouse department
stores within city limits has experienced any economic benefits, it is likely that same economic benefits will be experienced by other cities that permit CostMart warehouse department stores within city limits. Hence option C stands

Hope it clear :)
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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2012, 19:40
joshnsit wrote:
Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local economy, Metropolis should not permit a Costmart warehouse department store to open within city limits. Its has been demonstrated that when Costmart opens a warehouse department store within a city, the bankruptcy rate of local retailers increases in that city by twenty percent over the next several years.
Which of the following questions would be most useful for evaluating the conclusion of the editorial:
a. Does the bankruptcy rate of local retailers in a city generally stabilize several years after a Costmart warehouse department store opens ?
b. Do most residents of Metropolis currently do almost all of their shopping at stores within the city limits of Metropolis?
c. Have other cities that have permitted Costmart warehouse department stores within city limits experienced any economic benefits as a result?
d. Is the bankruptcy rate of local retailers in Metropolis higher than in the average city that has permitted a costmart warehouse department store within city limits?
e. Does Costmart plan to hire employees exclusively from within Metropolis for the proposed warehouse department store?

Need help on what to look for and a methodical approach to solve such kind of questions... OA will be revealed l8r...



IMO (C)
If the answer is "yes," then the author's claim is weakened, but if the answer is "no" then the editorial is strengthened.

(A),(B) are irrelevant. (D) doesn't tell us whether a high bankruptcy rate is more or less likely to increase even further.
Eliminated (E) solely for use of the term "exclusively".
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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2012, 22:11
MGMAT Says OA C

And I think it may be because if stores go bankrupt does that destroy the economy as a whole
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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2012, 05:17
i agree with legendaddy...(C) is the right choice
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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2012, 01:02
OA is C. @Ian, Thanks for the approach.
IanStewart wrote:
joshnsit wrote:
Need help on what to look for and a methodical approach to solve such kind of questions... OA will be revealed l8r...
I call these questions "policy proposal" questions, and they always follow the same pattern. Someone suggests a certain course of action (here "don't let Costmart in") and outlines a very specific objective of that course of action (here "in order to preserve the local economy"). Regardless of what the question asks (strengthen/weaken/evaluate), the right answer will almost always be directly related to the specific objective of the policy. So that's the part of the question I zero in on.

Here the argument goes: we don't want Costmart. Why? Bankruptcy goes up. Therefore the local economy will suffer. Well, "higher bankruptcy rate" is not precisely the same thing as "local economy suffers". Maybe the local economy will be helped in other ways, ways that make up for the higher bankruptcy rate. That's why C is the best answer here.

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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2012, 01:13
IanStewart wrote:
joshnsit wrote:
Need help on what to look for and a methodical approach to solve such kind of questions... OA will be revealed l8r...


I call these questions "policy proposal" questions, and they always follow the same pattern. Someone suggests a certain course of action (here "don't let Costmart in") and outlines a very specific objective of that course of action (here "in order to preserve the local economy"). Regardless of what the question asks (strengthen/weaken/evaluate), the right answer will almost always be directly related to the specific objective of the policy. So that's the part of the question I zero in on.

Here the argument goes: we don't want Costmart. Why? Bankruptcy goes up. Therefore the local economy will suffer. Well, "higher bankruptcy rate" is not precisely the same thing as "local economy suffers". Maybe the local economy will be helped in other ways, ways that make up for the higher bankruptcy rate. That's why C is the best answer here.


Picked B.
But after reading IanStewart's explanation, I pick C.
Thank you Ian.

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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2013, 05:36
jgomey wrote:
rajathpanta wrote:
Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local economy, Metropolis should
not permit a CostMart warehouse department store to open within city limits.
It has been demonstrated that when CostMart opens a warehouse department
store within a city, the bankruptcy rate of local retailers increases in that city by
twenty percent over the next several years.

Which of the following questions would be most useful for evaluating the conclusion
of the Editorial?

(A) Does the bankruptcy rate of local retailers in a city generally stabilize several
years after a CostMart warehouse department store opens?

(B) Do most residents of Metropolis currently do almost all of their shopping at
stores within the city limits of Metropolis?

(C) Have other cities that have permitted CostMart warehouse department
stores within city limits experienced any economic benefits as a result?

(D) Is the bankruptcy rate for local retailers in Metropolis higher than in the average
city that has permitted a CostMart warehouse department store within
city limits?

(E) Does CostMart plan to hire employees exclusively from within Metropolis for
the proposed warehouse department store?

OA later....



I am thinking it may be D..



Pls post your explanation It will be helpful for all others in the forum too.
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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2013, 12:37
rajathpanta wrote:
Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local economy, Metropolis should
not permit a CostMart warehouse department store to open within city limits.
It has been demonstrated that when CostMart opens a warehouse department
store within a city, the bankruptcy rate of local retailers increases in that city by
twenty percent over the next several years.

Which of the following questions would be most useful for evaluating the conclusion
of the Editorial?

(A) Does the bankruptcy rate of local retailers in a city generally stabilize several
years after a CostMart warehouse department store opens?

(B) Do most residents of Metropolis currently do almost all of their shopping at
stores within the city limits of Metropolis?

(C) Have other cities that have permitted CostMart warehouse department
stores within city limits experienced any economic benefits as a result?

(D) Is the bankruptcy rate for local retailers in Metropolis higher than in the average
city that has permitted a CostMart warehouse department store within
city limits?

(E) Does CostMart plan to hire employees exclusively from within Metropolis for
the proposed warehouse department store?

OA later....


The the argument assumes that a one sample is representative of all samples. So if the sample described-retailers in metropolis-is the same as all other retailers, then the new shopping center may have an impact. But if the sample is not the same as all other retailers, then maybe the new shopping center will not have an impact.

D differentiates metropolis retailers from other retailers, fitting the assumption I described.

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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2013, 12:52
commdiver wrote:
I believe the answer is C. Here is my explanation:

The questions states that when CostMart opens in a city, stores in that city go bankrupt at an increasing rate. Because of this, CostMart should not be allowed to open in Metropolis. To evaluate this claim, one must ask whether or not anything else has happened. For example, if CostMart is causing local retailers to go bankrupt, but providing more jobs and lower prices than those local retailers, that positive may outweigh the negative of the bankruptcy.

C perfectly answers the question. If there are economic benefits that result from CostMart opening, that may outweigh any negatives associated with CostMart's opening.



Hmmm but how would you address D?

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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2013, 14:25
rajathpanta wrote:
Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local economy, Metropolis should
not permit a CostMart warehouse department store to open within city limits.
It has been demonstrated that when CostMart opens a warehouse department
store within a city, the bankruptcy rate of local retailers increases in that city by
twenty percent over the next several years.

Which of the following questions would be most useful for evaluating the conclusion
of the Editorial?

(A) Does the bankruptcy rate of local retailers in a city generally stabilize several
years after a CostMart warehouse department store opens?

(B) Do most residents of Metropolis currently do almost all of their shopping at
stores within the city limits of Metropolis?

(C) Have other cities that have permitted CostMart warehouse department
stores within city limits experienced any economic benefits as a result?


i think option(
(A) Does the bankruptcy rate of local retailers in a city generally stabilize several

years after a CostMart warehouse department store opens?
(D) Is the bankruptcy rate for local retailers in Metropolis higher than in the average
city that has permitted a CostMart warehouse department store within
city limits?

(E) Does CostMart plan to hire employees exclusively from within Metropolis for
the proposed warehouse department store?

OA later....


i think option (A) (Does the bankruptcy rate of local retailers in a city generally stabilize several
years after a CostMart warehouse department store opens?)serves as the best answer..the authors conclusion is in support of costmart's opening as being the major cause of bankruptcy of the retailers within city limits for the next several years;signifying,as put by the editorial,that the economy stabilizes after those years..so option A asks a question that is checking the probability of costmart's responsibility on economic recession of local people in a way that it asks a question whether or not that the economy stabilises after several years after costmart's opening..if it is the economy does not stabilise after those several years then costmart is not responsible for any recession,the converse is true.

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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2013, 08:39
C is the only answer which approaches the problem correctly. But in my opinion the usage of benefits is not correct. It should rather be avoid the negative consequences of a new mart
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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2013, 20:58
I am having a problem understanding the OE. The argument is all about the local retailers getting affected and not the economy of the city. Sure if Cost Mart opens shop it is going to hire a lot of people, it might even hire people who have been laid off from the bankrupt retailers. But what about the local retailers, aren't they still bankrupt? Isn't that what the question is all about.?

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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2013, 21:48
but in C aren't we talking about another city? Then how can we assume that the economic benefits in that city will amount to the benefits in this city?

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Re: Editorial: In order to preserve the health of its local   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2013, 21:48

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