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Editorial: The measures taken by our government to force Corollia to p

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Joined: 01 Nov 2017
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Location: India
Re: Editorial: The measures taken by our government to force Corollia to p  [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2019, 09:43
I chose option E; reason being if there is no market outside Corollia, then the illegally copied software by criminal ring would have been sold in corollia only, thereby reducing the demand of the legally made software and hence reducing the prices. What is the fault in this reasoning?
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Joined: 15 Jul 2015
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Re: Editorial: The measures taken by our government to force Corollia to p  [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2019, 21:21
raghavrf wrote:
I chose option E; reason being if there is no market outside Corollia, then the illegally copied software by criminal ring would have been sold in corollia only, thereby reducing the demand of the legally made software and hence reducing the prices. What is the fault in this reasoning?
The problem is not as much with your reasoning as with what you are trying to do in this question. Remember that this is an assumption question. We need to choose the option that the argument needs in order to get to its conclusion.

If we go for E, we're effectively saying that for prices to fall in Corollia as a result of the activities of the local criminal rings, it is necessary that those criminal rings operate exclusively in Corollia. In other words, if they operate in even one market apart from Corollia, their activities cannot be the reason for a fall in prices in Corollia.

Because there is no reason to think that operating outside Corollia makes it impossible for Corollian criminal rings to hurt manufacturers, we remove option E.
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Re: Editorial: The measures taken by our government to force Corollia to p  [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2019, 00:14
hemanthp wrote:
Editorial: The measures taken by our government to force Corollia to prevent Corollian criminal rings from illegally copying computer software developed in this country have failed. If they had succeeded, there would not have been a steep drop over the past year in the prices that our nation's computer companies can command in Corollia for legally imported copies of their software.

The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) Over the past year, computer companies in the editorial writer's country shipped considerably fewer copies of software to Corollia than they had shipped in recent years.

(B) The price of computer software legally produced in Corollia did not experience a drop over the past year.

(C) The sales of computer software legally produced in Corollia rose over the past year.

(D) A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was not the only reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country.

(E) There is no market for the computer software illegally copied by Corollian criminal rings outside Corollia itself.

Don't forget KUDOS if you like the question. This is from KAPLAN CAT.

Premises:
There was a steep drop in the prices of legally imported software last year.

Conclusion: Measures to control illegal copying have failed.

An assumption is a missing necessary premise.

(B) The price of computer software legally produced in Corollia did not experience a drop over the past year.

We don't need this to be true.
Negate B: The price of legally produced software in Corollia experienced a drop too

It is still possible that measures to control illegal copying have failed. Perhaps illegally copied software is available for 0 or negligible cost. So even with the reduced cost of all legal software (developed in house or imported), it is still possible that illegal copying is going on.

(D) A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was not the only reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country.

Negate D: A decline in demand was the only reason for the decline in prices.

This clearly states that a decline is demand is the only reason. So there can be no other reason for reduced priced. So illegal copying cannot be the reason for reduced pricing. So conclusion cannot hold.

Hi Karishma! I can't understand one thing in the option D. Negating D seems to strengthen the argument. If illegal copying increases, the customers will now have the pirated option available; so less of the customers will be willing to buy the legal software leading to a drop in demand!

And negating option B, it seems that the customers now have other options from local sources at reduced price leading to a drop in demand for imported software that then trickles down to impacting the price of the imported software- this seems to weaken the conclusion.

Would appreciate your thoughts on this. Thanks!
Re: Editorial: The measures taken by our government to force Corollia to p   [#permalink] 11 Apr 2019, 00:14

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