Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force

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Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2010, 08:16
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Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force Corollia to prevent Corollian criminal rings from illegally copying computer software developed in this country have failed. If they had succeeded, there would not have been a steep drop over the past year in the prices that our nation's computer companies can command in Corollia for legally imported copies of their software.

The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?

-Over the past year, computer companies in the editorial writer's country shipped considerably fewer copies of software to Corollia than they had shipped in recent years.
-The price of computer software legally produced in Corollia did not experience a drop over the past year.
-The sales of computer software legally produced in Corollia rose over the past year.
-A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was not the only reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country.
-There is no market for the computer software illegally copied by Corollian criminal rings outside Corollia itself.

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force [#permalink]

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04 May 2012, 08:24
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+1 D

Negation technique. If we assume that a decline in the demand is the only cause of the drop in the prices, we couldn't claim that the failure in the measures taken by our government is responsible.
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Re: Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2014, 19:41
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rrsnathan wrote:
Is this defender type or supporter type assumption?

-Rrsnathan

This is a defender assumption because nothing requires linking and because D removes an alternative reason for the decline in price. "A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was not the only reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country." If it's not the only reason, then criminal activity must be associated with the decline in price too.

I hope this helps.
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Re: Corollian software copying [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2010, 10:31
hemanthp wrote:
Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force Corollia to prevent Corollian criminal rings from illegally copying computer software developed in this country have failed. If they had succeeded, there would not have been a steep drop over the past year in the prices that our nation's computer companies can command in Corollia for legally imported copies of their software.

The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?

-Over the past year, computer companies in the editorial writer's country shipped considerably fewer copies of software to Corollia than they had shipped in recent years.
-The price of computer software legally produced in Corollia did not experience a drop over the past year.
-The sales of computer software legally produced in Corollia rose over the past year.
-A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was not the only reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country.
-There is no market for the computer software illegally copied by Corollian criminal rings outside Corollia itself.

Don't forget KUDOS if you like the question. This is from KAPLAN CAT.

Got this one wrong. Went with option C. Please post the OE after some points/thoughts are brought on board.
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Re: Corollian software copying [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2010, 21:14
hemanthp wrote:
Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force Corollia to prevent Corollian criminal rings from illegally copying computer software developed in this country have failed. If they had succeeded, there would not have been a steep drop over the past year in the prices that our nation's computer companies can command in Corollia for legally imported copies of their software.

The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?

-Over the past year, computer companies in the editorial writer's country shipped considerably fewer copies of software to Corollia than they had shipped in recent years.
-The price of computer software legally produced in Corollia did not experience a drop over the past year.
-The sales of computer software legally produced in Corollia rose over the past year.
-A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was not the only reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country.
-There is no market for the computer software illegally copied by Corollian criminal rings outside Corollia itself.

Don't forget KUDOS if you like the question. This is from KAPLAN CAT.

My response was B but after looking at the OA I think it should be D. I tried using the Assumption Negation technique. So if we look at the option D after Negation the argument falls flat as now we can say that the Government had nothing to do with price fall.
A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was the ONLY reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country.

But if we look at the option B and negate it. Now this statement does not clearly imply that the Government of other country failed or succeeded. This could have been an affect of the Government's plan.
[i]-The price of computer software legally produced in Corollia did experience a drop over the past year.[i]
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Re: Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force [#permalink]

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04 May 2012, 15:45
hemanthp wrote:
Editorial: If they had succeeded, there would not have been ir a steep drop over the past year in the prices that our nation's computer companies can command in Corollia for legally imported copies of thesoftware.

The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?

-Over the past year, computer companies in the editorial writer's country shipped considerably fewer copies of software to Corollia than they had shipped in recent years.
-The price of computer software legally produced in Corollia did not experience a drop over the past year.
-The sales of computer software legally produced in Corollia rose over the past year.
-A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was not the only reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country.
-There is no market for the computer software illegally copied by Corollian criminal rings outside Corollia itself.

Don't forget KUDOS if you like the question. This is from KAPLAN CAT.

hello
My analysis
The measures taken by our government to force Corollia to prevent Corollian criminal rings from illegally copying computer software developed in this country have failed.
Evidence
A success in the measure will have lead to a steep drop over the past year in the prices that our nation's computer companies can command in Corollia for legally imported copies of the software

This is true if the prices of legally imported copies of the software in Corolia did not drop last year

a reverse opposite
b states that the decrease did not take place
c if the price rose it weaken the conclusion
d It bring outside information
it states price decrease and another explanation to the prices decrease than the Corollia country demand decrease
It only implies that import quotas from the writer country
e opposite to what is stated

i would go for B

the OA says E

can anyone has a clue

best regards
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Re: Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force [#permalink]

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05 May 2012, 23:49
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hemanthp wrote:
Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force Corollia to prevent Corollian criminal rings from illegally copying computer software developed in this country have failed. If they had succeeded, there would not have been a steep drop over the past year in the prices that our nation's computer companies can command in Corollia for legally imported copies of their software.

The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?

-Over the past year, computer companies in the editorial writer's country shipped considerably fewer copies of software to Corollia than they had shipped in recent years.
-The price of computer software legally produced in Corollia did not experience a drop over the past year.
-The sales of computer software legally produced in Corollia rose over the past year.
-A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was not the only reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country.
-There is no market for the computer software illegally copied by Corollian criminal rings outside Corollia itself.

Don't forget KUDOS if you like the question. This is from KAPLAN CAT.

conclusion--> Government has failed in its measures to force to prevent corollian criminal rings from illegaly copying computer software.
Argument-->If the measures have succeeded, there would not have been a steep drop over the past year in the prices the companies can command for legally imported copies of their software.

-Over the past year, computer companies in the editorial writer's country shipped considerably fewer copies of software to Corollia than they had shipped in recent years-->[highlight]The number of copies of software shipped tot COROLLIA has had nothing to do with the conclusion.[/highlight]

-The price of computer software legally produced in Corollia did not experience a drop over the past year-->[highlight]This could not be an assumption on which the abovve argument depends, the reason for this is that in the statement itself it has been mentioned that the price of computer software had a steep drop over the past year.[/highlight]

-The sales of computer software legally produced in Corollia rose over the past year-->[highlight]Irrelevant, because sales has nothing to do with the context of the argument.[/highlight]

-A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was not the only reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country--> [highlight]A decline in demand for the computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was not the only reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country.If the measures taken by the government would have been successfull then there would have not been a steep drop in the prices of the software.Thus there may be a possibility that due to some other factor, the price of software could have been influenced.
If there could have been another reason which has directly or indirectly influenced the prices, then the steps or measures taken by the government would be of no use.[/highlight]

-There is no market for the computer software illegally copied by Corollian criminal rings outside Corollia itself--> [highlight]Irrelevant, as we are not concerned what happens outside Corollia.[/highlight]

Hope this helps.

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Re: Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2014, 08:16
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2014, 10:58
Is this defender type or supporter type assumption?

-Rrsnathan
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Re: Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2014, 11:47
Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force Corollia to prevent Corollian criminal rings from illegally copying computer software developed in this country have failed. If they had succeeded, there would not have been a steep drop over the past year in the prices that our nation's computer companies can command in Corollia for legally imported copies of their software.

PREMISE- legally imported copies of software OF our nation's computer companies can command high prices but there has been a steep drop over the past year in the prices in Corollia...indicating the govt measures have not suceeded.
CONCLUSION- govt measures have failed.

ASSUMPTION- nothing else caused the prices to fall.....

The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?

-Over the past year, computer companies in the editorial writer's country shipped considerably fewer copies of software to Corollia than they had shipped in recent years...IRRELEVANT
-The price of computer software legally produced in Corollia did not experience a drop over the past year.....WE ARE CONCERNED WITH IMPORTED ONES NOT LOCALLY PRODUCED
-The sales of computer software legally produced in Corollia rose over the past year.SALES IS NOT IMP. SALE COST IS
-A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was not the only reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country....CORRECT... ALTERNATE REASON RULED OUT
-There is no market for the computer software illegally copied by Corollian criminal rings outside Corollia itself....THEN WHY DID THE PRICES REDUCE-------------

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Re: Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2014, 20:17
mejia401 wrote:
rrsnathan wrote:
Is this defender type or supporter type assumption?

-Rrsnathan

This is a defender assumption because nothing requires linking and because D removes an alternative reason for the decline in price. "A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was not the only reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country." If it's not the only reason, then criminal activity must be associated with the decline in price too.

I hope this helps.

Thanks for ur help.

Another doubt , How we find whether it is defender or supporter on reading the Stimulus.

Regards,
Rrsnathan.
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Re: Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2014, 03:56
rrsnathan wrote:
mejia401 wrote:
rrsnathan wrote:
Is this defender type or supporter type assumption?

-Rrsnathan

This is a defender assumption because nothing requires linking and because D removes an alternative reason for the decline in price. "A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was not the only reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country." If it's not the only reason, then criminal activity must be associated with the decline in price too.

I hope this helps.

Thanks for ur help.

Another doubt , How we find whether it is defender or supporter on reading the Stimulus.

Regards,
Rrsnathan.

You don't really need to bother about the defender/supporter model for GMAT. You can sort out all assumption questions using assumption negation technique.

But still, if you want to, you can figure out what kind of assumption you are looking for from the stimulus. In case of a defender assumption, the author gives you a 'no other explanation is possible' feel in the argument.
The assumption says "A is not possible". Since the author assumes that no other explanation is possible, it must be true that A is not possible, B is not possible and so on. So the argument assumes that A is not possible. That is a defender assumption.

A supporter assumption is a gap in the logic of the argument. If you feel that the author jumped to the conclusion without properly providing data, you are probably looking for a supporter assumption.
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Re: Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force [#permalink]

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08 May 2015, 23:28
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force [#permalink]

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16 May 2015, 22:49
hemanthp wrote:
Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force Corollia to prevent Corollian criminal rings from illegally copying computer software developed in this country have failed. If they had succeeded, there would not have been a steep drop over the past year in the prices that our nation's computer companies can command in Corollia for legally imported copies of their software.

The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?

-Over the past year, computer companies in the editorial writer's country shipped considerably fewer copies of software to Corollia than they had shipped in recent years.
-The price of computer software legally produced in Corollia did not experience a drop over the past year.
-The sales of computer software legally produced in Corollia rose over the past year.
-A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was not the only reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country.
-There is no market for the computer software illegally copied by Corollian criminal rings outside Corollia itself.

Don't forget KUDOS if you like the question. This is from KAPLAN CAT.

The argument says that if the measures succeeded(no illegal copying) then there would have been no steep drop in price.
That is to say, illegal copying is solely responsible for steep drop in price.
If you negate (D) you will see that it provides an alternate explanation for steep drop in price, thus weakening the conclusion
Hence answer is (D)
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Re: Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2015, 21:27
This is a defender assumption because nothing requires linking and because D removes an alternative reason for the decline in price. "A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was not the only reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country." If it's not the only reason, then criminal activity must be associated with the decline in price too.

I hope this helps.[/quote]
Thanks for ur help.

Another doubt , How we find whether it is defender or supporter on reading the Stimulus.

Regards,
Rrsnathan.[/quote]

You don't really need to bother about the defender/supporter model for GMAT. You can sort out all assumption questions using assumption negation technique.

But still, if you want to, you can figure out what kind of assumption you are looking for from the stimulus. In case of a defender assumption, the author gives you a 'no other explanation is possible' feel in the argument.
The assumption says "A is not possible". Since the author assumes that no other explanation is possible, it must be true that A is not possible, B is not possible and so on. So the argument assumes that A is not possible. That is a defender assumption.

A supporter assumption is a gap in the logic of the argument. If you feel that the author jumped to the conclusion without properly providing data, you are probably looking for a supporter assumption.[/quote]

isnt this a cause and effect Qs?
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Re: Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2016, 01:20
arundas wrote:
hemanthp wrote:
Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force Corollia to prevent Corollian criminal rings from illegally copying computer software developed in this country have failed. If they had succeeded, there would not have been a steep drop over the past year in the prices that our nation's computer companies can command in Corollia for legally imported copies of their software.

The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?

-Over the past year, computer companies in the editorial writer's country shipped considerably fewer copies of software to Corollia than they had shipped in recent years.
-The price of computer software legally produced in Corollia did not experience a drop over the past year.
-The sales of computer software legally produced in Corollia rose over the past year.
-A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was not the only reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country.
-There is no market for the computer software illegally copied by Corollian criminal rings outside Corollia itself.

Don't forget KUDOS if you like the question. This is from KAPLAN CAT.

My response was B but after looking at the OA I think it should be D. I tried using the Assumption Negation technique. So if we look at the option D after Negation the argument falls flat as now we can say that the Government had nothing to do with price fall.
A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was the ONLY reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country.

But if we look at the option B and negate it. Now this statement does not clearly imply that the Government of other country failed or succeeded. This could have been an affect of the Government's plan.
-The price of computer software legally produced in Corollia did experience a drop over the past year.[i]

How is negating D weakening the argument?
[i]A decline in demand for computer software throughout Corollia during the previous year was the ONLY reason for the decline in the prices of computer software in that country.

The decline in demand happened because the government failed to take measures against the criminal activities.
D was the first choice that i eliminated.
Re: Editorial:The measures taken by our government to force   [#permalink] 18 Jun 2016, 01:20
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