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# Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text

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Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text  [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2017, 16:36
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39% (01:51) correct 61% (02:09) wrong based on 365 sessions

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Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five textbook proposals submitted by local book publishers. In each instance, the school rejected the proposal on the grounds that the curriculum covered within the textbooks was inadequate, controversial or, surprisingly, too comprehensive. Consequently, because the school board must accept at least one textbook proposal in order to have materials for this upcoming year, the school board has acted negligently in failing to accept at least one of the proposals.

The answer to which one of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the truth of the conclusion in the editorial?

(A) How many of the proposals that were rejected by the school board were rejected on the basis that the curriculum was too comprehensive?
(B) What was the opinion of the parents’ association regarding the five textbook proposals?
(C) Did any non-local textbook publishers submit a textbook proposal to the Marionville school board?
(D) Could the school board have accepted multiple proposals that would have, in combination, have provided the appropriate materials?
(E) In previous years, has the Marionville school board rejected all the textbook proposals submitted by book publishers?

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Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text  [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2017, 18:23
Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five textbook proposals submitted by local book publishers. In each instance, the school rejected the proposal on the grounds that the curriculum covered within the textbooks was inadequate, controversial or, surprisingly, too comprehensive. Consequently, because the school board must accept at least one textbook proposal in order to have materials for this upcoming year, the school board has acted negligently in failing to accept at least one of the proposals.

The answer to which one of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the truth of the conclusion in the editorial?

Solution:-

From the stem the conclusion is that the school acted negligently since it failed to accept atleast one of the proposal

(A) How many of the proposals that were rejected by the school board were rejected on the basis that the curriculum was too comprehensive?- Not the issue at hand.
(B) What was the opinion of the parents’ association regarding the five textbook proposals?- Same as A
(C) Did any non-local textbook publishers submit a textbook proposal to the Marionville school board?- Correct. Considering the conclusion is based on the proposals submitted by local publishers, it would be helpful to evaluate if any non-local publisher submitted a proposal. If Yes and the same conclusion is drawn, then the school is negligent. If no then it is not.
(D) Could the school board have accepted multiple proposals that would have, in combination, have provided the appropriate materials?-Close but the conclusion is states that the school has failed to accept atleast one proposal which opens the possibility of accepting multiple proposals.
(E) In previous years, has the Marionville school board rejected all the textbook proposals submitted by book publishers?- The rejection of the present proposal is the issue at hand and hence information on past proposal is irrelevant.
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Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text  [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2017, 10:27
Tan2017 wrote:
Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five textbook proposals submitted by local book publishers. In each instance, the school rejected the proposal on the grounds that the curriculum covered within the textbooks was inadequate, controversial or, surprisingly, too comprehensive. Consequently, because the school board must accept at least one textbook proposal in order to have materials for this upcoming year, the school board has acted negligently in failing to accept at least one of the proposals.

The answer to which one of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the truth of the conclusion in the editorial?

Solution:-

From the stem the conclusion is that the school acted negligently since it failed to accept atleast one of the proposal

(A) How many of the proposals that were rejected by the school board were rejected on the basis that the curriculum was too comprehensive?- Not the issue at hand.
(B) What was the opinion of the parents’ association regarding the five textbook proposals?- Same as A
(C) Did any non-local textbook publishers submit a textbook proposal to the Marionville school board?- Correct. Considering the conclusion is based on the proposals submitted by local publishers, it would be helpful to evaluate if any non-local publisher submitted a proposal. If Yes and the same conclusion is drawn, then the school is negligent. If no then it is not.
(D) Could the school board have accepted multiple proposals that would have, in combination, have provided the appropriate materials?-Close but the conclusion is states that the school has failed to accept atleast one proposal which opens the possibility of accepting multiple proposals.
(E) In previous years, has the Marionville school board rejected all the textbook proposals submitted by book publishers?- The rejection of the present proposal is the issue at hand and hence information on past proposal is irrelevant.

I do not agree with the ans and the explanation provided.... I don't think that not accepting books from both local and non-local publishers is an act of negligence... It could be potentially possible that the non-local publishers even offered worst quality or over comprehensive material.

But if the board had an option to mitigate this issue but did not do that then that would be a definite act of negligence... That's what option D talks about... Option D told that 'school board could have accepted multiple proposals that would have, in combination, have provided the appropriate materials'... But in that case if the board did not even accept at least one material then that means the board did some negligence.... Please respond if you disagree......

Please provide the OE of this... because the explanation given here is not much convincing.....
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Re: Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text  [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2017, 04:20
arunavamunshi1988 wrote:
Tan2017 wrote:
Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five textbook proposals submitted by local book publishers. In each instance, the school rejected the proposal on the grounds that the curriculum covered within the textbooks was inadequate, controversial or, surprisingly, too comprehensive. Consequently, because the school board must accept at least one textbook proposal in order to have materials for this upcoming year, the school board has acted negligently in failing to accept at least one of the proposals.

The answer to which one of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the truth of the conclusion in the editorial?

Solution:-

From the stem the conclusion is that the school acted negligently since it failed to accept atleast one of the proposal

(A) How many of the proposals that were rejected by the school board were rejected on the basis that the curriculum was too comprehensive?- Not the issue at hand.
(B) What was the opinion of the parents’ association regarding the five textbook proposals?- Same as A
(C) Did any non-local textbook publishers submit a textbook proposal to the Marionville school board?- Correct. Considering the conclusion is based on the proposals submitted by local publishers, it would be helpful to evaluate if any non-local publisher submitted a proposal. If Yes and the same conclusion is drawn, then the school is negligent. If no then it is not.
(D) Could the school board have accepted multiple proposals that would have, in combination, have provided the appropriate materials?-Close but the conclusion is states that the school has failed to accept atleast one proposal which opens the possibility of accepting multiple proposals.
(E) In previous years, has the Marionville school board rejected all the textbook proposals submitted by book publishers?- The rejection of the present proposal is the issue at hand and hence information on past proposal is irrelevant.

I do not agree with the ans and the explanation provided.... I don't think that not accepting books from both local and non-local publishers is an act of negligence... It could be potentially possible that the non-local publishers even offered worst quality or over comprehensive material.

But if the board had an option to mitigate this issue but did not do that then that would be a definite act of negligence... That's what option D talks about... Option D told that 'school board could have accepted multiple proposals that would have, in combination, have provided the appropriate materials'... But in that case if the board did not even accept at least one material then that means the board did some negligence.... Please respond if you disagree......

Please provide the OE of this... because the explanation given here is not much convincing.....

I agree with your opinion. I too selected B for the same reasons.
Need an OE for this question.
Experts please share your views.
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Re: Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2017, 06:38
Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five textbook proposals submitted by local book publishers. In each instance, the school rejected the proposal on the grounds that the curriculum covered within the textbooks was inadequate, controversial or, surprisingly, too comprehensive. Consequently, because the school board must accept at least one textbook proposal in order to have materials for this upcoming year, the school board has acted negligently in failing to accept at least one of the proposals.

The answer to which one of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the truth of the conclusion in the editorial?

(A) How many of the proposals that were rejected by the school board were rejected on the basis that the curriculum was too comprehensive?
seems irrelevant. It does not affect the conclusion.
(B) What was the opinion of the parents’ association regarding the five textbook proposals?
The opinion of parents' association does not affect the conclusion.
(C) Did any non-local textbook publishers submit a textbook proposal to the Marionville school board?
If the non-local textbook publishers submitted a textbook proposal and if it was accepted by the school then it affects the conclusion.
(D) Could the school board have accepted multiple proposals that would have, in combination, have provided the appropriate materials?
It does not affect the conclusion.
(E) In previous years, has the Marionville school board rejected all the textbook proposals submitted by book publishers?
It does not affect the conclusion.
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Re: Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2017, 10:24
This question is way above my head as they say in cricket terminology " Bouncer ".
Please enlighten me with explanation .
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Re: Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2017, 01:47
Just wonder whether, in order for (C) to be correct, we need to assume that non-local proposals are accepted??
If we don't assume that, then (C) will lead to 2 cases: school board rejected all proposals, both local and non-local ones; and school board accepted non-local proposals only. As a result, an answer Yes to (C) is not enough to weaken the conclusion.

Any thoughts?
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Re: Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2017, 01:55
i guess strengthen weaken test fails in all options..

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Re: Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text  [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2017, 10:28
2
OE from the Bible

Answer choice (A): This answer asks about how many of the proposals were rejected on the basis that the curriculum was too comprehensive. To apply the Variance Test, we should supply different and opposing answers to the question posed by the answer choice. First, try the answer “One.” With this answer, would the fact that one textbook proposal was rejected on the basis of being too comprehensive help us evaluate the conclusion? No—this does not help us evaluate whether the board was negligent in rejecting all the proposals. What if the answer was “Four” (you cannot use five because at least one proposal was rejected for being “inadequate”; four is also possible because the “controversial” tag could be additionally applied to a proposal that was already too comprehensive, or inadequate)? Would the fact that four of the textbook proposals were rejected on the basis of being too comprehensive help us evaluate the conclusion? Not at all. So, regardless of how we respond to the question posed in answer choice (A), our view of the conclusion is the same —we do not know whether the conclusion is true or not. According to the Variance Test, if the answer is correct, then supplying opposite answers should yield different views of the conclusion. Since our assessment of the conclusion did not change, the Variance Test tells us that this answer is incorrect.

Answer choice (B): The question in answer choice (B) is, “What was the opinion of the parents’ association regarding the five textbook proposals?” Again, apply the Variance Test and supply opposite answers to the question in the answer choice. In this case, try “Positive (liked all five)” and “Negative (disliked all five).” If the parents association liked all five, would that change the fact of whether the school board was negligent in rejecting all five? No, because the motives and goals of the parents association are possibly different than the goals of the school board, and the opinion of one would not establish whether the school board was negligent for rejecting all five local proposals. Let’s look at the opposite side: if the parents association disliked all five, would that change the fact of whether the school board was negligent in rejecting all five? No. Because our view of the truth of the conclusion does not change when we consider different responses to the question posed in answer choice (B), the Variance Test tells us that answer choice (B) is incorrect.

Answer choice (C): The question in answer choice (C) is, did any non-local textbook publishers submit book proposals to the school board? Using the Variance Test, supply one response that says, “Yes.” If this is true, then the conclusion is unquestionably weakened because the school board could have accepted one of the non-local textbook proposals, meaning that there will be textbooks for the upcoming year. Now supply a response that says, “No.” If this is true, then the conclusion is strengthened because there will likely not be any textbooks for the upcoming year. So, depending on the answer supplied to the question posed in answer choice (C), our view of the validity of the argument changes: sometimes we view the conclusion as stronger and other times as weaker. Therefore, according to the Variance Test, this is the correct answer. In this instance, the Variance Test reveals the flaw in the argument: the author simply assumed that the local proposals were the only ones received. Nowhere in the argument did the author mention that anything about other, non-local proposals, and the Variance Test reveals this flaw.

Answer choice (D): For this answer, again supply “Yes” and “No” responses. Neither answer changes our view of the argument because we already know that the school board rejected all five of the proposals. Thus, answer choice (D) is incorrect.

Answer choice (E): Again, supply “Yes” and “No” responses to the question in this answer choice. Because the editorials is about the current school board and makes an assessment about this board, the actions of previous boards do not have an effect on the conclusion. Hence, answer choice (E) is incorrect.
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Re: Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text  [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2017, 00:06
The confusion is between option C and D.
Though I do understand why option C could be the correct answer. I fail to understand why D cannot be correct one OR why C is better than D.
Here is my understanding of Option D -
Say, if the school had the option of accepting multiple proposals and yet they rejected all the proposal then that means they are acting negligently in accepting at least one of the proposal.
Now if the school did not have the option of accepting multiple proposals and rejected all of them, then they were not being negligent since they could not find the right kind of textbook.
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Re: Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text  [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2019, 16:31
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The confusion between C and contender D can be eliminated by understanding that if the school has already rejected each of the 5 proposals for being inappropriate in some way, shape or form, then how can the combination of proposals prove to be appropriate?
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Re: Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text  [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2019, 21:47
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dcummins wrote:
The confusion between C and contender D can be eliminated by understanding that if the school has already rejected each of the 5 proposals for being inappropriate in some way, shape or form, then how can the combination of proposals prove to be appropriate?

dcummins bingo!
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Re: Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text  [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2019, 00:15
Quote:
The confusion between C and contender D can be eliminated by understanding that if the school has already rejected each of the 5 proposals for being inappropriate in some way, shape or form, then how can the combination of proposals prove to be appropriate?

The combination of proposals will be appropriate by extracting the required data from each of the textbooks which the school board feels is relevant

I think this is what the statement is trying to say
Pls correct me if im wrong
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Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2019, 10:49
dcummins wrote:
The confusion between C and contender D can be eliminated by understanding that if the school has already rejected each of the 5 proposals for being inappropriate in some way, shape or form, then how can the combination of proposals prove to be appropriate?

The proposals were all rejected due to different reasons, some were rejected because they were too comprehensive, some were rejected for different reason. The point i am trying to make is that the combination of proposals could have solved the problem.
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Re: Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text  [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2019, 13:44
I have an issue with option D.
Even if every proposal by itself was not acceptable, what is wrong with the assumption that combination of proposals, which has acceptable parts of every proposal, would not have solved the school's problem?
Am I wrong in that assumption because the part of the premise is 'all have been rejected individually'?

I think I understand this correctly that I need to use assumptions and question those to solve evaluate type problems. Am I making an error of not questioning an assumption but a premise ?

Thanks.
Re: Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2019, 13:44
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# Editorial: This year, the Marionville school board received five text

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