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# Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts,

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SVP
Joined: 28 May 2005
Posts: 1705
Location: Dhaka
Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2005, 05:55
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Question Stats:

82% (01:32) correct 18% (00:43) wrong based on 488 sessions

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Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.

(A) has not significantly reduced the gaps existing
(B) has not been significant in reducing the gap that exists
(C) has not made a significant reduction in the gap that exists
(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Current Student
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
Posts: 5218

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29 Oct 2005, 05:58
D for the proper S-V agreement and the active voice.
Manager
Joined: 07 Jul 2005
Posts: 105

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29 Oct 2005, 21:47
D is good.
Classical Subject- Verb agreement problem. "Efforts" is plural and hence needs "have".
Director
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 500

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29 Oct 2005, 23:44
D it is.

Efforts ... have. Subject-Verb agreement.
Director
Joined: 14 Sep 2005
Posts: 985
Location: South Korea

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30 Oct 2005, 06:07
"Efforts" is plural, and so (A), (B), and (C) are out.

(E) distorts the meaning of the original sentence.

(D) is the best answer.
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CEO
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2739
Location: New York City
Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2007, 08:28
273. Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.

(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Mar 2006
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11 Jul 2007, 08:37
Could you post all the answer choices? Did you narrow down to just D and E? In that case, I think I like D better than E. E is kind of wordy and awkward. What is the OA?
CEO
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
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11 Jul 2007, 18:58
The OA is D. I posted this question because I want to know why E is wrong. Someone advise please!
Manager
Joined: 26 Apr 2007
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11 Jul 2007, 19:20
[quote="bmwhype2"]The OA is D. I posted this question because I want to know why E is wrong. Someone advise please![/quote

1. E is wordy whereas D is short and concise and conveys the meaning.
2. E uses passive voice whereas D uses active voice.
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Re: SC1000 #273 [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2007, 19:39
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bmwhype2 wrote:
273. Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.

(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing

I think the difference is in the meanings of the sentences.

E implies the efforts have not been significant whereas D implies the reduction has not been significant. We cannot change the meaning of the stem.

In sentence correction, passive answers are not always wrong. In addition, concise answers are not always wrong.

I think its important to keep in mind that both reasons that vishalsuri said are "secondary" reasons. it is more important to look at the structure of the sentences for blatant grammar mistakes.
Manager
Joined: 26 Apr 2007
Posts: 53
Re: SC1000 #273 [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2007, 20:10
bmwhype2 wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
273. Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.

(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing

I think the difference is in the meanings of the sentences.

E implies the efforts have not been significant whereas D implies the reduction has not been significant. We cannot change the meaning of the stem.

In sentence correction, passive answers are not always wrong. In addition, concise answers are not always wrong.

I think its important to keep in mind that both reasons that vishalsuri said are "secondary" reasons. it is more important to look at the structure of the sentences for blatant grammar mistakes.

Thanks for the explanation. I could have never thought of that one.
Manager
Joined: 05 Jul 2007
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11 Jul 2007, 22:39
The passive voice in E is what makes it wrong. There may be something else, but the passive is too obvious...and E is just confusing in its agreement and modification of the subject of the sentence.
Manager
Joined: 04 Sep 2010
Posts: 74
Re: SC1000 #273 [#permalink]

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06 May 2011, 03:21
D; Passive vs Active; significantly reduced (Better) vs significant in a reduction
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Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2013, 13:03
Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.
(A) has not significantly reduced the gaps existing
(B)has not been significant in reducing the gap that exists
(C)has not made a significant reduction in the gap that exists
(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing

Whats the difference between option A`s gaps existing and option D`s that exists?Is both modified gaps correctly?
Senior Manager
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2013, 23:36
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mun23 wrote:
Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.
(A) has not significantly reduced the gaps existing
(B)has not been significant in reducing the gap that exists
(C)has not made a significant reduction in the gap that exists
(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing

Whats the difference between option A`s gaps existing and option D`s that exists?Is both modified gaps correctly?

Hi mun23,

The major difference between "gaps existing" and "gap that exists" is that (A) says gaps, which is plural and (D) says gap, which is singular. Second, the difference between "that" and "existing" is that one is a relative clause and other is a participle. But, both are modifying the preceding noun, "gaps" in (A) and gap in (D). Both of these modifying structures are conveying the same meaning.

Also note that this question is a good example of a case in which the correct answer changes the meaning slightly, but is still the correct choice because the other answer choices are grammatically incorrect.

Hope this helps,

Vercules
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Manager
Joined: 31 May 2012
Posts: 158
Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2013, 01:09
1. the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts
2. the gap that exists between the richest and poorest districts

Both alternatives are grammatically correct. Option A is eliminated only due to usage of has .
Senior Manager
Joined: 16 Dec 2011
Posts: 430
Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2013, 20:36
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

Please check and follow the Guidelines for Posting in Verbal GMAT forum before posting anything.
Manager
Joined: 04 Mar 2013
Posts: 88
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Marketing
GPA: 3.49
WE: Web Development (Computer Software)
Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2013, 18:51
nakib77 wrote:
Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.

(A) has not significantly reduced the gaps existing
(B) has not been significant in reducing the gap that exists
(C) has not made a significant reduction in the gap that exists
(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing

s-v agreement, efforts plural so it has to take have

a,b,c are rejected
d,e are left out of them E changes meaning,
d is good

so answr: d
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Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10147
Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2015, 03:41
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2016, 01:29
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts,   [#permalink] 26 Aug 2016, 01:29

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# Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts,

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