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El Nino, the periodic abnormal warming of the sea surface

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El Nino, the periodic abnormal warming of the sea surface [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2017, 08:49
Puilunchristin wrote:
275. El Nino, the periodic abnormal warming of the sea surface off Peru, a phenomenon in which changes in the ocean and atmosphere combine allowing the warm water that has accumulated in the western Pacific to flow back to the east.

(A) a phenomenon in which changes in the ocean and atmosphere combine allowing the warm water that has accumulated
(B) a phenomenon where changes in the ocean and atmosphere are combining to allow the warm water that is accumulating
(C) a phenomenon in which ocean and atmosphere changes combine and which allows the warm water that is accumulated
(D) is a phenomenon in which changes in the ocean and atmosphere combine to allow the warm water that has accumulated
(E) is a phenomenon where ocean and atmosphere changes are combining and allow the warm water accumulating

OG16 SC109


Remove the appositive - the periodic abnormal warming of the sea surface off Peru

In simple terms, after removing the sentence does not make sense. (Grammatically El Nino needs a verb)
Eliminate A,B and C

E - the word where must refer to a actual location

Correct Choice - D
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El Nino, the periodic abnormal warming of the sea surface [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2018, 19:58
El Nino, the periodic abnormal warming of the sea surface off Peru, a phenomenon in which changes in the ocean and atmosphere combine allowing the warm water that has accumulated in the western Pacific to flow back to the east.

(A) a phenomenon in which changes in the ocean and atmosphere combine allowing the warm water that has accumulated -- El Nino does not have a verb ; usage of allowing is incorrect
(B) a phenomenon where changes in the ocean and atmosphere are combining to allow the warm water that is accumulating -- El Nino does not have a verb ; usage of where to refer to a phenomenon is incorrect
(C) a phenomenon in which ocean and atmosphere changes combine and which allows the warm water that is accumulated -- El Nino does not have a verb ; meaning change because of usage of and
(D) is a phenomenon in which changes in the ocean and atmosphere combine to allow the warm water that has accumulated -- Correct
(E) is a phenomenon where ocean and atmosphere changes are combining and allow the warm water accumulating -- usage of where to refer to a phenomenon is incorrect ; present continuous are combining is incorrect

AjiteshArun , daagh , mikemcgarry ,GMATNinja ,egmat, other experts-- please enlighten
In the correct answer , is the usage of "to allow" correct? To allow should express intent/purpose

Answer D
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Re: El Nino, the periodic abnormal warming of the sea surface [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2018, 22:37
Skywalker18 wrote:
AjiteshArun , daagh , mikemcgarry ,GMATNinja ,egmat, other experts-- please enlighten
In the correct answer , is the usage of "to allow" correct? To allow should express intent/purpose

Answer D
To can be used for intent, but it has a whole lot of other uses too. In this case they're trying to get at result. For example,

The opening was large enough to allow only a small child through.

Here the meaning is not (a) for the purpose of allowing only a small child through the opening was large enough but (b) the size of the opening was such that only a particular result was possible.
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Re: El Nino, the periodic abnormal warming of the sea surface   [#permalink] 03 Jan 2018, 22:37

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