It is currently 23 Oct 2017, 14:18

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times

Author Message
Senior Manager
Joined: 22 Sep 2005
Posts: 278

Kudos [?]: 241 [1], given: 1

Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Aug 2009, 11:59
1
KUDOS
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

11% (01:03) correct 89% (01:06) wrong based on 27 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times more likely to develop dementia than are other elderly women. Therefore, steps taken to prevent heart attacks, such as dieting, may also prevent dementia. Other studies have shown vision loss to be more common among elderly women who have suffered heart attacks. Thus, demented elderly women are much more likely to suffer from vision loss than are other elderly women.

The statement highlighted in boldface plays which of the following roles in the argument?

It is an assumption made by the author in constructing the argument.
It contradicts part of the author's conclusion.
It is the main conclusion to which the author is proceeding.
It acts as the principal piece of evidence for the conclusion that the author draws.
It is a conclusion drawn by the author but not relevant to the main point.

Kudos [?]: 241 [1], given: 1

Senior Manager
Joined: 27 May 2009
Posts: 266

Kudos [?]: 531 [0], given: 18

Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Aug 2009, 13:41
this ques seems to have two argument and 2 conclusion one after anoother but after the so called first conclusion only it could draw the second one .or the main conclusion .....So IMO D

Kudos [?]: 531 [0], given: 18

Manager
Joined: 07 Jul 2009
Posts: 222

Kudos [?]: 139 [0], given: 13

Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Aug 2009, 13:58
IMO D.

First conclusion/subconclusion: Reducing heart attack helps in reducing dementia
Second Conclusion: From first conclusion we know that heart attack helps in developing dementia, so demented elderly women are much more likely to suffer from vision loss.

Kudos [?]: 139 [0], given: 13

Director
Joined: 01 Apr 2008
Posts: 873

Kudos [?]: 844 [0], given: 18

Name: Ronak Amin
Schools: IIM Lucknow (IPMX) - Class of 2014
Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Aug 2009, 20:13
I will go with A.

Both conclusions are unrelated. And the first looks like an assumption. It has no effect on the second conclusion and hence not an evidence.

Kudos [?]: 844 [0], given: 18

Intern
Joined: 21 Aug 2009
Posts: 40

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 5

Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Aug 2009, 10:40
I will go with A too

Heart attack increases the probability of dementia in elderly women
Also Heart attack increase the probability of vision loss in elderly women
Combining these two, Elderly women with dementia are more likely to have vision loss as well

The main conclusion has no relation with steps such as dieting ? Author assumes that heart attack and dementia have a common cause that's why he/she concludes:
'steps taken to prevent heart attacks, such as dieting, may also prevent dementia'

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 5

Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Jul 2009
Posts: 322

Kudos [?]: 155 [0], given: 0

Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Aug 2009, 09:06
I'm also with A as there is no evidence is there in the boldface portion.
steps taken to prevent heart attacks, such as dieting, may also prevent dementia
Its simply talking about a possibilities, please look at the word "may"

Kudos [?]: 155 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 28 Jul 2009
Posts: 118

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 2

Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Aug 2009, 16:54
netcaesar wrote:
Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times more likely to develop dementia than are other elderly women. Therefore, steps taken to prevent heart attacks, such as dieting, may also prevent dementia. Other studies have shown vision loss to be more common among elderly women who have suffered heart attacks. Thus, demented elderly women are much more likely to suffer from vision loss than are other elderly women.

The statement highlighted in boldface plays which of the following roles in the argument?

It is an assumption made by the author in constructing the argument.
It contradicts part of the author's conclusion.
It is the main conclusion to which the author is proceeding.
It acts as the principal piece of evidence for the conclusion that the author draws.
It is a conclusion drawn by the author but not relevant to the main point.

Why not E? The main conclusion is that demented elderly women are more likely to suffer from vision loss drawing from the evidence of "other studies..."
Although the "...may also prevent dementia" line does make it sound like an assumption (A).

What's the OA?

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 2

Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Jul 2009
Posts: 343

Kudos [?]: 121 [0], given: 32

Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Aug 2009, 23:58
i'm inclined towards E.

Kudos [?]: 121 [0], given: 32

Manager
Joined: 26 Aug 2005
Posts: 60

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 0

Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Aug 2009, 10:04
i also think it's (E)

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 23 Aug 2009
Posts: 19

Kudos [?]: 38 [0], given: 9

Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Aug 2009, 13:56
I say E.

Kudos [?]: 38 [0], given: 9

Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Jul 2009
Posts: 285

Kudos [?]: 44 [0], given: 9

Concentration: Nonprofit, Strategy
GPA: 3.42
WE: Engineering (Computer Hardware)
Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Aug 2009, 16:17
going with A, as it says may in the bold part so i think it should be an assumption not a clear evidence...

Kudos [?]: 44 [0], given: 9

Intern
Joined: 28 Jun 2009
Posts: 48

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Sep 2009, 08:51
imo E

"Therefore,..heart attacks" denotes a conclusion based on evidence but the main conclusion deals with vision loss

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 29 Jul 2009
Posts: 214

Kudos [?]: 95 [0], given: 6

Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Sep 2009, 14:19
IMO E

Kudos [?]: 95 [0], given: 6

Senior Manager
Joined: 16 Apr 2009
Posts: 317

Kudos [?]: 153 [0], given: 14

Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Sep 2009, 16:54
going with A

E- Therefore, steps taken to prevent heart attacks, such as dieting, may also prevent dementia. - is a sub-conclusion and not the conclusion , so IMO E is not correct

this is a tough question
_________________

Kudos [?]: 153 [0], given: 14

Intern
Joined: 27 Aug 2009
Posts: 26

Kudos [?]: 3 [1], given: 1

Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Sep 2009, 07:21
1
KUDOS
trying elimination:

Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times more likely to develop dementia than are other elderly women. Therefore, steps taken to prevent heart attacks, such as dieting, may also prevent dementia. Other studies have shown vision loss to be more common among elderly women who have suffered heart attacks. Thus, demented elderly women are much more likely to suffer from vision loss than are other elderly women.

The statement highlighted in boldface plays which of the following roles in the argument?

A)It is an assumption made by the author in constructing the argument: assumptions bridge evidence to conclusion... here... the statement looks is a conclusion or inference (since it is followed by therefore)
B)It contradicts part of the author's conclusion. immediately eliminated
C)It is the main conclusion to which the author is proceeding. cant say because this para seems to dealing with 2 diff.. the sequence and tone dsnt suggest that this conclusion is based on the information that all the other statements provide.
D)It acts as the principal piece of evidence for the conclusion that the author draws. The statement follows from the info provided in the first statemnt. it is not evidence for sure (it dsnt support anything)
E)It is a conclusion drawn by the author but not relevant to the main point: this is a googly.. this is exactly opposite of point C... However, the edge here is that the second conclusion comes from "other" studies as well as the premise. hence it supports the thought that the first one could be ancilliary conclusion but not the main

E looks correct

Kudos [?]: 3 [1], given: 1

Manager
Joined: 22 Mar 2009
Posts: 77

Kudos [?]: 42 [0], given: 7

Schools: Darden:Tepper:UCUIC:Kenan Flager:Nanyang:NUS:ISB:UCI Merage:Emory
WE 1: 3
Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Sep 2009, 09:08
"Therefore, steps taken to prevent heart attacks, such as dieting, may also prevent dementia."

This sentence may well be taken as conclusion and an assumption.Thats what makes this question more confusing.

conclusion since it has therefore iin the beginning and assumption because it has may also at the end.

but for me its still a conclusion based on the evindence and assumptions stated in the first line.
since its a secondary conclusion..rule out the the first 3 options.
its not an evidence either so only otion is E.

netcaesar please provide the correct answer..since this is really a very gud question.
_________________

Second cut is the deepest cut!!!:P

Kudos [?]: 42 [0], given: 7

Manager
Joined: 06 Mar 2010
Posts: 102

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 11

Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Jun 2010, 15:06

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 11

VP
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1474

Kudos [?]: 762 [0], given: 6

Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Jun 2010, 19:44
i'll go for A.

It is an assumption that the author makes in constructing the argument.

Kudos [?]: 762 [0], given: 6

Current Student
Joined: 29 Apr 2010
Posts: 226

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 26

Schools: Sloan R1, McCombs R1, Ross R1 (w/int), Haas R2, Kellogg R2
WE 1: Product Engineering/Manufacturing
Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Jun 2010, 21:37
I think it's E. The bold portion adds nothing to the argument, which is basically, "dementia and vision loss rates are similar because of their relation to heart attacks", so A is eliminated.

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 26

Manager
Joined: 24 Dec 2009
Posts: 213

Kudos [?]: 49 [0], given: 3

Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jun 2010, 01:07

Kudos [?]: 49 [0], given: 3

Re: Elderly women who have suffered heart attacks are five times   [#permalink] 25 Jun 2010, 01:07

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 26 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by