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# By installing special electric pumps, [u]farmers’ houses could be heat

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Joined: 09 May 2013
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Re: By installing special electric pumps, [u]farmers’ houses could be heat  [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2013, 20:23
Hey sudhanshushankerjha,
"Their" in the sentence D cannot be the antecedent of "cows" because "cows" in this sentence is not an independent noun. As you can see, "cows" modifies "milk" (cows' milk). An antecedent only refers to a separate noun such as "farmers" in this sentence.
Hope that it's clear.

sudhanshushankerjha wrote:
Bt in D choice...'their' can have 2 antecedents.
their --> farmers
their --> cows

plz correct if m wrong.
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Re: By installing special electric pumps, [u]farmers’ houses could be heat  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2013, 08:19
2
" their" can not have "cows " as antecedent...as cows is not mentioned anywhere..its rather the possessive case cows milk..., however.., their can have .., "farmers" or "engineers" as antecedent..
pls clarify...
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Re: By installing special electric pumps, [u]farmers’ houses could be heat  [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2014, 20:15
noboru wrote:
how can the farmer be the one who install?
shouldnt it be the engineer?
thanks
@noboru, this problem deals with advanced modifier where the initial phrase impacts not only the main subject but also the main verb of the sentence.
(A/B) >> Modifier Problem: "By installing special electric pumps" is modifying “houses” in A and “the warmth” in B;
(C/E) >> Grammatically, all of CE & D are correct. Meaning-wise also, both an engineer and a farmer can install a pump. But, we shall look for the meaning in the whole sentence which goes much beyond away from just the noun getting impacted by the initial phrase. This distinction actually makes this problem superior than other problems where the initial modifier just impacts the ensuing main subject noun.

In this problem, the ensuing main verb in the sentence is also getting impacted by the initial phrase.
The strategy to tackle such problems of modifiers where multiple subjects or similar subjects are fitting in the modifier schema is to check the applicability of the modifier to the entailing main verb in the sentence. Here, “installing” in modifier phrase has no bearing on “reports”(main verb) in CE, though has correct bearing on “could use”(main verb) in D.
Let us take example from the current problem.

If we restructure CE, we get “engineer reports(main verb) by installing pumps engineer(initial phrase)” which is wrong. Looking meaning-wise at D, we can say “farmers could use(main verb) warmth …. by installing pumps(initial phrase)”, which is correct.
(D) >> Correct
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Re: By installing special electric pumps, [u]farmers’ houses could be heat  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2014, 09:53
Bit modified to increase the contrast.

By installing electric pumps, Father of the church reports that Farmers can ...

By installing electric pumps, farmers, according to Father of the church, can ...

Now we can clearly see that D sounds logical, but do you think sandwiching a subject between two modifiers is acceptable to GMAT OAs.

In following MGMAT thread instructor considered such sandwiching wrong, further I have seen e-gmat rejecting answer choices by giving similar explanation.
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/mor ... t5054.html
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Re: By installing special electric pumps, [u]farmers’ houses could be heat  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2016, 08:58
Was confused between A and D. But then, Farmer will install so 'Farmer' should come after the modifier and not 'Farmers' House'.
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Re: By installing special electric pumps, [u]farmers’ houses could be heat  [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2017, 14:58
I rejected option B,C,D on the basis of pronoun error - "Their Houses" can refer to Cow's houses and Farmer's houses

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Re: By installing special electric pumps, [u]farmers’ houses could be heat  [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2017, 21:44
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Re: By installing special electric pumps, [u]farmers’ houses could be heat  [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2017, 18:00
1
RAHUL_GMAT Be careful with pronoun ambiguity! We can't eliminate a choice just because there is more than one possible antecedent for the pronoun. The sentence needs to be phrased in such a way that the reader may actually become confused about what the pronoun refers to. Here, it's pretty clear whose houses are getting heated!
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Re: By installing special electric pumps, [u]farmers’ houses could be heat  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2018, 04:37
Is C, D and E all gramatically correct?
why is D better than C and E?
Re: By installing special electric pumps, [u]farmers’ houses could be heat &nbs [#permalink] 26 Mar 2018, 04:37

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