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Ellipsis & Substitution

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Intern
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Joined: 13 Jun 2011
Posts: 21
Re: Ellipsis & Substitution  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2016, 19:49
Hello,

Could you kindly tell me does omitted verb has to be same in number

e.g.
John runs as fast as his brothers.

as you have mentioned omitted verb should be present in sentence .here omitted verb is "run" whereas verb present in sentence is runs.

Thanks in advance.

souvik101990 wrote:
Wrong: Our cars were designed to inspire envy, and they are
Right: Our cars were designed to inspire envy, and they do


Whenever you see stuffs omitted (ellipses and what not), you should try to fill up the void and see if it makes sense. Lets try to do that

Our cars were designed to inspire envy, and they are________________________________
We can fill up this blank with "inspire envy" so the sentence becomes Our cars were designed to inspire envy, and they are inspire envy. Pretty awful and wrong sentence isnt it?

Now lets look at the second one.
Our cars were designed to inspire envy, and they do__________________________________________
We can fill up this blank using "inspire envy" so the sentence becomes Our cars were designed to inspire envy, and they do inspire envy. Sounds like a petty correct sentence to me isnt it?
Manager
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Joined: 15 Jun 2019
Posts: 221
Re: Ellipsis & Substitution  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2019, 22:41
thanks mikemcgarry for clarifying

so i am paraphrasing please do correct me if i am wrong

I have never seen an aardvark, but last year my father did

the above sentence is correct ( which is wrongly stated as false by souvik and egmat)
it is correct by the rule explained by you


thanks for clarifying



mikemcgarry wrote:
vaidhaichaturvedi wrote:
Hello,

Could you kindly tell me does omitted verb has to be same in number
e.g.
John runs as fast as his brothers.

as you have mentioned omitted verb should be present in sentence .here omitted verb is "run" whereas verb present in sentence is runs.

Thanks in advance.

Dear vaidhaichaturvedi,
I'm happy to respond. :-) That's a great question!

In general, the omitted verb does not have to match the original verb in number. Thus, your sentence is 100% correct.
John runs as fast as his brothers.
It's perfectly fine that the original verb, "runs," is singular and the implicit omitted verb, "run," is plural.

If the original verb and the omitted verb differed in tense, we would have to use the auxiliary verb "do" and its forms to indicate the change in tense.
John runs as fast as his great-mother did, but John's great uncle, in his prime, ran faster than John does now.
in general, the auxiliary verb "do" and its forms are excellence short substitutes for a verb or an entire verb phrase. See:
Repeating Verb Phrases on the GMAT

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Ellipsis & Substitution   [#permalink] 12 Sep 2019, 22:41

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