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Environmentalist organizations are often very vocal about

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Environmentalist organizations are often very vocal about  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 29 Aug 2018, 08:53
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E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

69% (01:30) correct 31% (01:35) wrong based on 181 sessions

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Environmentalist organizations are often very vocal about the adverse effects of global warming on the planet. However, their claims are most likely exaggerated as a recent report by the International Geological Survey has presented the environmental benefits of global warming. The report distinctly states that global warming has led to increased plant growth in the Arctic and Antarctic regions, as well as caused agricultural output to increase in some areas where the demand for food has always outstripped the supply of the same.

Which of the following statements can be concluded on the basis of the statements above?

A.The higher the level of global warming, the greater are the benefits to the agricultural sector
B.The International Geological Survey’s report provides evidence that completely negates the claims made by the environmentalists.
C. Environmental organizations most likely exaggerate the severity of problems to seek public attention.
D. The definition of global warming needs to be revised so that it accurately reflects the phenomenon.
E. The disadvantages of global warming do not necessarily outweigh its advantages.

OE- Conclusion Clarification

The author states that “their claims are most likely exaggerated”. “Their” here refers to the EO. The author thinks that the severity of the adverse effects of global warming is over-hyped by the EO.

Pre-Thinking Approach

In order to see what can be concluded from the argument, we need to observe all the facts given in the argument and see if the information in the passage is true, what must also be true.

Fact#1 – EOs: vocal about the adverse effects of global warming on the planet.

Fact#2 – …as a recent report by the International Geological Survey has presented the environmental benefits of global warming. The report distinctly states that global warming has led to increased plant growth in the Arctic and Antarctic regions, as well as caused agricultural output to increase in some areas where the demand for food has always outstripped the supply of the same

Conclusion: – From the above information we can conclude the following:

Increased plant growth in the Arctic and Antarctic regions is a desirable environmental change.
The adverse effects of GW do not necessarily outweigh its advantages.
With this pre-thinking in mind, let’s evaluate the answer choices.



Answer Choices
A
The higher the level of global warming, the greater are the benefits to the agricultural sector.

Incorrect - No given information

The passage does not present any proportional relationship between the level of GW and its benefits on the agricultural sector.

B
The International Geological Survey’s report provides evidence that completely negates the claims made by the environmentalists.

Incorrect - No information given

The author clearly states that the claims made by the environmentalists are most likely eggagerated - that is they may exist to certain extent but most likely not the extent presented by environmentalists. It is to solidify this point that the author talks about the benefits of GW. Therefore, to say that the fact about benefits negates the claims is not supported by the passage.

C
Environmental organizations most likely exaggerate the severity of problems to seek public attention.

Incorrect - No information given

The argument gives us no information to conclude anything regarding the motives of EO.

D
The definition of global warming needs to be revised so that it accurately reflects the phenomenon.

Incorrect - No information given

The author doesn’t comment on what is currently considered GW and what should be considered GW.

The disadvantages of global warming do not necessarily outweigh its advantages.

Correct

This option matches our pre-thinking conclusion no. 2.

Originally posted by AdityaHongunti on 29 Aug 2018, 07:50.
Last edited by AdityaHongunti on 29 Aug 2018, 08:53, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: Environmentalist organizations are often very vocal about  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2018, 06:02
Environmentalist organizations are often very vocal about the adverse effects of global warming on the planet. However, their claims are most likely exaggerated as a recent report by the International Geological Survey has presented the environmental benefits of global warming. The report distinctly states that global warming has led to increased plant growth in the Arctic and Antarctic regions, as well as caused agricultural output to increase in some areas where the demand for food has always outstripped the supply of the same.

Which of the following statements can be concluded on the basis of the statements above?

A.The higher the level of global warming, the greater are the benefits to the agricultural sector - Incorrect - the passage does not state any such relationship
B. The International Geological Survey’s report provides evidence that completely negates the claims made by the environmentalists. - Incorrect -- completely negates is too strong
C. Environmental organizations most likely exaggerate the severity of problems to seek public attention. - Incorrect - this may be true but need not be true
D. The definition of global warming needs to be revised so that it accurately reflects the phenomenon. -Out of scope
E. The disadvantages of global warming do not necessarily outweigh its advantages. - Correct

Answer E
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Re: Environmentalist organizations are often very vocal about  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2018, 07:49
5
Which of the following statements can be concluded on the basis of the statements above?

A.The higher the level of global warming, the greater are the benefits to the agricultural sector...No such info is given about this in passage..no greater benefits to agriculture sector has been said
B.The International Geological Survey’s report provides evidence that completely negates the claims made by the environmentalists. Completely negates---> extreme words
C. Environmental organizations most likely exaggerate the severity of problems to seek public attention. public attention? nothing about this is given in argument
D. The definition of global warming needs to be revised so that it accurately reflects the phenomenon. this isnt given in the argument--out of scope
E. The disadvantages of global warming do not necessarily outweigh its advantages. Yes this we can conclude...as environmentalists exaggerate so it means that global warming do not necessarily outweigh its advantages ---this is the answer
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Re: Environmentalist organizations are often very vocal about &nbs [#permalink] 06 Sep 2018, 07:49
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