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# Essayist: Computers have the capacity to represent and to

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Joined: 27 Jun 2012
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Essayist: Computers have the capacity to represent and to [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2013, 00:49
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Essayist: Computers have the capacity to represent and to perform logical transformations on pieces of information. Since exactly the same applies to the human mind, the human mind is a type of computer.

The flawed pattern of reasoning in which one of the following most closely resembles the flawed pattern of reasoning in the essayist’s argument?
(A) Often individual animals sacrifice their lives when the survival of their offspring or close relatives is threatened. It is probable, therefore, that there is a biological basis for the fact that
human beings are similarly often willing to sacrifice their own well-being for the good of their community.
(B) In the plastic arts, such as sculpture or painting, no work can depend for its effectiveness upon a verbal narrative that explains it. Since the same can be said of poetry, we cannot consider
this characteristic as a reasonable criterion for distinguishing the plastic arts from other arts.
(C) In any organism, the proper functioning of each component depends upon the proper functioning of every other component. Thus, communities belong to the category of organisms, since
communities are invariably characterized by this same interdependence of components.
(D) Some vitamins require the presence in adequate amounts of some mineral in order to be fully beneficial to the body. Thus, since selenium is needed to make vitamin E fully active, anyone
with a selenium deficiency will have a greater risk of contracting those diseases from which vitamin E provides some measure of protection.
(E) Friendship often involves obligations whose fulfillment can be painful or burdensome. The same can be said of various forms of cooperation that cannot strictly be called friendship. Thus cooperation, like friendship, can require that priority be given to goals other than mere self-interest.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Essayist: Computers have the capacity to represent and to [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2013, 15:49
Here similarity between computer & humans is presented.
So, in answer choices you need to find out the similar pattern.

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Re: Essayist: Computers have the capacity to represent and to [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2013, 23:41
Comparison showcased is in the actions of non living thing and humans.
Similar comparison is presented in non living (community) and humans in option C.

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Re: Essayist: Computers have the capacity to represent and to [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2013, 00:12
Nice work Maverick & Nicechetan!
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Re: Essayist: Computers have the capacity to represent and to [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2013, 00:17
I went with C but not because of the reason that it compares Humans with non living things. GMAT problems are usually much deeper than that and answer choices don't jump out like that. If we analyze the pattern in the question stem it says

A displays characteristics X & Y. Since B displays the same characteristics so B is a type of A.
Among the answer choices C seems to show this same pattern.
But if Friendship was characterized as a type of cooperation then even that could have been a viable option.
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Last edited by prasun9 on 14 Apr 2013, 00:44, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Essayist: Computers have the capacity to represent and to [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2013, 00:33
Can someone throw some more light on option d

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Re: Essayist: Computers have the capacity to represent and to [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2013, 00:52
manpritsp wrote:
Can someone throw some more light on option d

The pattern in the question stem says: If X has characteristic Y and A has same characteristic then A is the same Type or in the same category as X.
Option C clearly has the same pattern. But option D never makes this sort of claim it just has a generalization flaw.
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Re: Essayist: Computers have the capacity to represent and to [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2014, 05:31
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Re: Essayist: Computers have the capacity to represent and to [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2014, 07:57
prasun9 wrote:
manpritsp wrote:
Can someone throw some more light on option d

The pattern in the question stem says: If X has characteristic Y and A has same characteristic then A is the same Type or in the same category as X.
Option C clearly has the same pattern. But option D never makes this sort of claim it just has a generalization flaw.
Good explanation!

More generally, choice (D) can be thrown out from the very first word. The prompt talks about computers--all computers, a general statement. As soon as choice (D) begins talking about "some" anything, we know it does not follow parallel reasoning to the prompt.

Hope this helps!

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Re: Essayist: Computers have the capacity to represent and to [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2015, 22:17
Reasoning assumption:

Making the same functions guarantee the same category

C fits

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Re: Essayist: Computers have the capacity to represent and to [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2016, 20:37
went with C as well..tough one...
so if A follows X, and B follows X, then A is similar to B.
only C fits this pattern.
although i took some time to reject B and E...

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Re: Essayist: Computers have the capacity to represent and to   [#permalink] 06 Mar 2016, 20:37
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