Europes travel industry is suffering as a result of a : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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Europes travel industry is suffering as a result of a

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Europes travel industry is suffering as a result of a [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2004, 15:23
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Europeâ€™s travel industry is suffering as a result of a sluggish economy, a stretch of bad weather, as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that is persistent.
(A) as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that is persistent
(B) and the chilling effect of terrorist activity that is persistent
(C) but persistent terrorist activity has had a chilling effect too
(D) and the chilling effects of persistent terrorist activity
(E) as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that persists

Can someone explain the analysis for this please ?
If you have any questions
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22 Sep 2004, 16:23
My vote is for D.

I might be wrong, but I am not sure if "as well" can be used here. Can somebody explain with an example when one needs to you as well.

C is ruled out because the usage of 'but' provides an exception. If we use 'but' there should have been something that should help the economy.

Over B and D, I chose D as it is more concise and sounds good (atleast to me )

Waiting for a better explanation and the OA.
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22 Sep 2004, 17:29
'but' is the wrong joiner to use in this sentence. 'As well as' is not concise compared to 'and'.

So we're left with B and D.
We want to place chilling effects in front to maintain parallelism

sluggish economy
chilling effects of terrorist activity

Economy, weather and terrorist activity all are words desribing an effect
sluggish, and chilling all serve to modify that effect

I'll go with D
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22 Sep 2004, 19:00
D it is
"as well as" is better used as part of a parenthetical element whereas "and" is better and more concise in the case of an enumeration or conjunction linking 2 independent clauses.

ie meat, as well as pork, is available on the menu.
ie meat and pork are available on the menu

In the original question, there was a series of items being enumerated and conjunction "and" would be appropriate over "as well as"
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22 Sep 2004, 19:05
Thanks Paul for the explanation.
You are the best.
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23 Sep 2004, 18:45
OA = D

hurray for all the guys who got it right with awesome explanations

one question, i was confused between B and D however have some observation
-- terrorist activity is persistent however in D doesnt it depict that it is the terrorist that are persistent [persistent terrorist activity]
-- can someone explain why chilling effects would be right as against chilling effect
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23 Sep 2004, 18:52
The problem with B is that it is unecessarily wordy. It introduces a restrictive clause with "that" when none is really needed.

ie The criminals that are persistant will go to jail
ie The persistant criminals will go to jail

Remember that GMAT is also about conciseness

As to "chilling effect" vs "chilling effects", both are right. It is just a different figure of style and there does not lie the flaw.
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23 Sep 2004, 18:52
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