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Evaluate Revision: While political discourse and the media

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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2015, 23:29
Sash143 wrote:
While political discourse and the media in the United States have focused on the rise of job outsourcing, few have mentioned the sharp fall of talent “insourcing,” or the drop in enrollment of foreign-born graduate students since 2001, and its dire results. The decrease in such insourcing will hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come. The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures. What distinguishes the decline of talent insourcing from the rise of job outsourcing is that the former can be easily rectified by a policy change of the United States government.

The answer to which of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the author’s claim regarding the impact of decreased insourcing in America?

A) What is the cost to reverse the trend of insourcing in America?
B) How does insourcing replace domestic jobs lost from outsourcing?
C) Since 2001, what has been the decrease in the number of foreign-born students in America?
D) What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students?
E) What effect would a government policy have on the number of foreign graduate students?


Premise: Decrease in insourcing of foreign students
Conclusion: American students will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of foreign cultures

To evaluate this conclusion, we need to find the statement that directly affects it.
Only option D talks about it.

If there are other opportunities for interacting with foreigners, then the american students should not worry much about the learning of cultures from the students.
If there are not much opportunities, then the american students should worry about it.
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2016, 05:47
What confused me is that the question has to do with the impact of the premise on an intermediate conclusion, not the main conclusion.

As I see it, the intermediate conclusion contained two points:
The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country:
(1) will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs;
(2) they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures.

Now looking at the answers:

A. What is the cost to reverse the trend of insourcing in America?
B. How does insourcing replace domestic jobs lost from outsourcing?

--> Both are off-topic.

C. Since 2001, what has been the decrease in the number of foreign-born students in America?
E. What effect would a government policy have on the number of foreign graduate students?

--> Both have to do with the number of 'insourcing', not its impact on the intermediate conclusion.

D. What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students?
-> Only D addressed that impact of the premise on the intermediate conclusion. Not only that, this connection is only with the second part of the intermediate conclusion, not the first part.
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2017, 22:29
Hi,

The question is concerned about "evaluating the author’s claim regarding the impact of decreased insourcing in America"
Therefore, the key premise here as per the question's language is :

"The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures."

The rest of the argument basically becomes additional information.

Only answer D helps in finding a way around.
For option C : knowing the decrease of the foreign-born students wouldn't help with this query.
Option E does come close, however D approaches the question more directly than E.

Please correct me if any of this reasoning is faulty.
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2017, 20:38
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let us simplify the argument given --

decreased insourcing --> American students will not have opportunity to learn about foreign cultures --> negatively impact their global outlook --> hurt competitiveness in basic research and applied technology.

let us look at the answer options -

Option A - Incorrect.
Does not matter. As we already know that it can be "easily rectified". Moreover, whatever the cost to reverse the trend is has no impact on the argument that decreased insourcing hurts competitiveness in basic research and technology.

Option B - Incorrect.
The argument has nothing to do with "outsourcing" or even replacing jobs lost to outsourcing.

Option C - Incorrect.
Does not matter. As we already know that drop has been "sharp". Knowing absolute quantities does not add anything new.

Option D - Correct.
Let us supply opposite answers.
1. they have great opportunities. This breaks the chain of reasoning in the argument, especially this - decreased insourcing --> American students will not have opportunity to learn about foreign cultures.

Option E - Incorrect.
Not relevant. Look at the argument again. We are specifically concerned with how decreased insourcing hurts competitiveness in basic research and technology.
How government policies impact insourcing is irrelevant.
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2017, 06:16
1
The author claims that the "decrease in such insourcing will hurt America's competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come." In addition, the author claims that the decline in insourcing will "negatively affect the global outlook and experience of American students" because they will "not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures." We are asked to find a question whose answer would provide information useful to evaluating the claims of the argument.
(A) The focus of the argument is not on the financial costs of insourcing.
(B) The focus of the argument is not on how insourcing can compensate for outsourcing.
(C) The focus of the argument is not on the specific numbers of foreign-born students, but on the decline in their number instead.
(D) CORRECT. The argument assumes that the students will not have contact with foreigners through channels other than school. This choice asks whether the students have such contact elsewhere. If the answer to this question is "yes", the author's claims carry less weight.
(E) A government policy might have an effect on insourcing, but it would not necessarily have an effect on the specific claims of the argument.
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2017, 22:23
Ali17 wrote:
While political discourse and the media in the United States have focused on the rise of job outsourcing, few have
mentioned the sharp fall of talent “insourcing,” or the drop in enrollment of foreign-born graduate students since
2001, and its dire results. The decrease in such insourcing will hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research
and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come. The de-internationalization of graduate
programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students
remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from
members of those cultures. What distinguishes the decline of talent insourcing from the rise of job outsourcing is
that the former can be easily rectified by a policy change of the United States government. The answer to which
of the following questions would be most useful in evaluating the author’s claim regarding the impact of decreased
insourcing in America?
• What is the cost to reverse the trend of insourcing in America?
• How does insourcing replace domestic jobs lost from outsourcing?
• Since 2001, what has been the decrease in the number of foreign-born students in America?
• What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students?
• What effect would a government policy have on the number of foreign graduate students?


longggg argument ..but answer choices seems little easy ..
main point : author claim that because of dec. in in-sourcing , cross culture learning is dec.
D is the answer , if students are getting ample chances to interact with the cross cultured people .The impact of in-sourcing is negligible.
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2017, 01:48
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let us simplify the argument (claim regarding the impact of decreased insourcing in America) --

drop in insourcing --> students will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures --> Negative impact on global outlook and competitiveness of American students

Let us take a look at the answer options --

Option A - Incorrect

Not relevant to the author's claim mentioned above on the impact of the decreased insourcing in America.
Moreover, we already know that such a trend is "easy to rectify" through a policy change -- the actual cost is not relevant.

Option B - Incorrect

The "method" (or HOW) through which insourcing replaces jobs lost to outsourcing is not relevant to the author's claim -- Furthermore, nowhere is it mentioned that insourcing replaces domestic jobs lost to outsourcing.

Option C - Incorrect

The actual number does not add any "new/relevant" information necessary to evaluate the argument mentioned above -- we already know that there has been a "sharp fall in talent insourcing".

Option D - Correct answer

If they have many such opportunities, the claim is weakened. If they have none, the claim is strengthened.

Option E - Incorrect

We already know the answer for this -- "the former [decline in insourcing = drop in enrollment of foreign-born graduate students] can be easily rectified by a policy change of the United States government.
In addition, this is not relevant to evaluating the author's claim on the impact of "decrease in talent insourcing".
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Re: While political discourse and the media in the United States have focu  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2017, 19:04
While political discourse and the media in the United States have focused on the rise of job outsourcing, few have mentioned the sharp fall of talent “insourcing,” or the drop in enrollment of foreign-born graduate students since 2001, and its dire results. The decrease in such insourcing will hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come. The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures. What distinguishes the decline of talent insourcing from the rise of job outsourcing is that the former can be easily rectified by a policy change of the United States government.

Type- Evaluate
Boil it down - The decrease in such insourcing will hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come.

• What is the cost to reverse the trend of insourcing in America? - irrelevant - the actual cost is not a concern
• How does insourcing replace domestic jobs lost from outsourcing? - irrelevant - the argument does not specify this
• Since 2001, what has been the decrease in the number of foreign-born students in America? - irrelevant - the actual number of decrease is irrelevant to the argument
• What opportunities do American graduate students have to interact regularly with foreigners who are not students? - Correct - applying variance test -
If American students regularly interact with foreigners who are not students, then the argument is weakened, else it is strengthened
• What effect would a government policy have on the number of foreign graduate students?- irrelevant

Answer D
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Evaluate Revision: While political discourse and the media  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2018, 05:37
Hi nightblade354,

Could you please help me out with this question. I think since I am a non-native speaker, sometimes I get stuck in understanding the information provided in the passage and this is one such case.

What I understood from the passage is mentioned below:

Media focuses on outsourcing, very few focus on the following two things:

1. Sharp fall in talent insourcing
2. Drop in enrollment of foreign-born graduate students.

Then the author presents the impact of each of the case and then the question stem asks about evaluating the author's claim for first case. I am curious as option choice which is correct is talking about the second case.

I might be mistaken while reading, but could you please help me out.
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Evaluate Revision: While political discourse and the media  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2018, 06:08
Wonderwoman31 wrote:
Hi nightblade354,

Could you please help me out with this question. I think since I am a non-native speaker, sometimes I get stuck in understanding the information provided in the passage and this is one such case.

What I understood from the passage is mentioned below:

Media focuses on outsourcing, very few focus on the following two things:

1. Sharp fall in talent insourcing
2. Drop in enrollment of foreign-born graduate students.

Then the author presents the impact of each of the case and then the question stem asks about evaluating the author's claim for first case. I am curious as option choice which is correct is talking about the second case.

I might be mistaken while reading, but could you please help me out.


Wonderwoman31,

This is what the question wants you to evaluate, as these are the effects: "The decrease in such insourcing will hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come. The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures."

And option (D) does just that. It counters the author's claim, thus weakening it. And this helps us evaluate the argument.

Does this help?
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Evaluate Revision: While political discourse and the media  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2018, 06:33
nightblade354 wrote:
Wonderwoman31 wrote:
Hi nightblade354,

Could you please help me out with this question. I think since I am a non-native speaker, sometimes I get stuck in understanding the information provided in the passage and this is one such case.

What I understood from the passage is mentioned below:

Media focuses on outsourcing, very few focus on the following two things:

1. Sharp fall in talent insourcing
2. Drop in enrollment of foreign-born graduate students.

Then the author presents the impact of each of the case and then the question stem asks about evaluating the author's claim for first case. I am curious as option choice which is correct is talking about the second case.

I might be mistaken while reading, but could you please help me out.


Wonderwoman31,

This is what the question wants you to evaluate, as these are the effects: "The decrease in such insourcing will hurt America’s competitiveness in basic research and applied technology, with serious consequences for years to come. The de-internationalization of graduate programs across the country will also negatively affect the global outlook and experience of the American students remaining in those programs; they will not have the opportunity to learn about foreign cultures directly from members of those cultures."


And option (D) does just that. It counters the author's claim, thus weakening it. And this helps us evaluate the argument.

Does this help?


Hi nightblade354,

How I am understanding the question is that there are two things on which very few media is focussing on. And, in the question stem, we are being asked to evaluate the first one. Whereas, the answer choice is about another one.

I hope I am able to make myself clearer now.
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Evaluate Revision: While political discourse and the media &nbs [#permalink] 02 Dec 2018, 06:33

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