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# Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its

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Intern
Joined: 04 Dec 2016
Posts: 29
Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2017, 03:43
tarek99 wrote:
Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers' personal and financial information with an outside marketing company in return for a commission on sales, the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep records private.

a) by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep

b) by its failure of honoring its promise to its customers to keep

c) in its failing to honor its promise to its customers of keeping

d) because of its failure in honoring its promise to its customers in keeping

e) because of its failure to honor its promise to its customers of keeping

Hi
D and E changes meaning by giving WHY part of the DECEPTION...but we need HOW the DECEPTION took place. So A/B/C...
Can anyone provide me the details as to how the reaming two wrong options can be eliminated?

Thanks
S
Intern
Joined: 28 Mar 2016
Posts: 6
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V31
Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2017, 00:44
Hi Experts,

'the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep records private.'

In the sentence above, I feel that usage of 'by' had two separate meanings:
1. The state's attorney general accused by failing to honor its promise...
2. The bank engaged in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise...

Can you please explain if this is not the case. I have my exam scheduled for day after tomorrow, so a quick response would be very much appreciated.
Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1225
Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2017, 13:04
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anirudhsuhag.25, both of those interpretations are possible in theory, but only the second one makes sense. "Its" cannot refer to the attorney general; we'd need "his" or "her." Even if it could, how can we accuse someone by failing to honor a promise? #2 works because if the bank breaks its promise to customers, it was being deceptive.
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2017, 21:42
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Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers' personal and financial information with an outside marketing company in return for a commission on sales, the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep records private.

a) by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep - Correct

b) by its failure of honoring its promise to its customers to keep - failure of honoring is unidiomatic

c) in its failing to honor its promise to its customers of keeping - incorrect idiom: 'promise of keeping' is wrong

d) because of its failure in honoring its promise to its customers in keeping - change in meaning as explained in E

e) because of its failure to honor its promise to its customers of keeping - incorrect idiom: 'promise of keeping' is wrong ; change in meaning: the correct meaning is what appears in the original sentence, namely, that the failure to honor promises WAS the deceptive business practice. choice e, with its use of 'because', implies that the failure to keep promises LED TO (other) deceptive business practices. remember that you have to interpret words like 'because' very, very literally.

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Manager
Joined: 11 Jun 2017
Posts: 80
Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its [#permalink]

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04 Dec 2017, 09:05
Hi mikemcgarry,

Can you please assist with the POE of this one ?

Thanks
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 30 Oct 2017
Posts: 124
Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2017, 13:10
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Poorvasha wrote:
Hi mikemcgarry,

Can you please assist with the POE of this one ?

Thanks

Hi Poorvasha!

Carolyn from Magoosh here - I'll step in for Mike

Let's go through the answer choices here:

(A): No obvious problem

(B): "By its failure" is an incorrect construction here - when we use "by" to refer to an action like this, we need the following word to be a verb, like "by failing". Also, "its failure of honoring" is also incorrect - when we talk about a failure to do something, we need to say "failure TO ...". So here, we would want to say "its failure TO honor". So eliminate B.

(C): "In its failing" is, first of all, a bit awkward and excessively wordy. Then, "its promise of keeping" is incorrect - when we talk about a promise to do something, we want to say "promise TO ...". So here, we need to say "promise to keep", not "promise of keeping". Eliminate C.

(D): Here we have two errors that have already come up: "failure IN honoring" (should be failure TO honor"), and "promise IN keeping" (should be promise TO keep"). Eliminate D.

(E): Again, the issue here is in "failure OF keeping". This should be "failure TO keep". Eliminate E.

So our answer is (A) Does that help?

-Carolyn
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its   [#permalink] 06 Dec 2017, 13:10

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