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# Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased

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Director
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
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Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2007, 07:40
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283. Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during two decades, stringent rationing and planned distribution have allowed the People’s Republic of China to ensure nutritional levels of 2,000 calories per person per day for its population.
(A) Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during
(B) Even though its per capita food supply has hardly increased in
(C) Despite its per capita food supply hardly increasing over
(D) Despite there being hardly any increase in its per capita food supply during
(E) Although there is hardly any increase in per capita food supply for

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Manager
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15 Jul 2007, 08:15
botirvoy wrote:
283. Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during two decades, stringent rationing and planned distribution have allowed the People’s Republic of China to ensure nutritional levels of 2,000 calories per person per day for its population.
(A) Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during
(B) Even though its per capita food supply has hardly increased in
(C) Despite its per capita food supply hardly increasing over
(D) Despite there being hardly any increase in its per capita food supply during
(E) Although there is hardly any increase in per capita food supply for

A) use during and is wrong
C) run on sentence it should be a clause because itcan't modify"stringent rationning"
D)SELF EXPLANATORY
E) wrong agreement in verb tense

So B should be the Answer

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Manager
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16 Jul 2007, 08:13
IT refers to Stringent rationing and Planed Distribution. So eliminate ABCD.
I go for E.

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Director
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21 Jul 2007, 09:47
boubi wrote:
E) wrong agreement in verb tense

What else is wrong with E apart from wrong tense?

Also, can someone explain HOW "its" in B can refer to "China"?
thank you for explanations guys!

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21 Jul 2007, 11:10

A B C uses IT, all refers to China.
D unnecessarily uses "being"

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Senior Manager
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21 Jul 2007, 13:23
botirvoy wrote:
283. Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during two decades, stringent rationing and planned distribution have allowed the People’s Republic of China to ensure nutritional levels of 2,000 calories per person per day for its population.
(A) Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during
(B) Even though its per capita food supply has hardly increased in
(C) Despite its per capita food supply hardly increasing over
(D) Despite there being hardly any increase in its per capita food supply during
(E) Although there is hardly any increase in per capita food supply for

Lets first check the rules regarding the use of 'although' and 'despite'.

although, though and even though are all conjunctions, whilst in spite of and despite are both prepositions. So usage requires:

in spite of + noun
although + clause
despite + noun
though + clause
even though + clause

Now test the answer options accordibg to that rule:
A. though + pronoun (its), dangling midifier.............wrong.
B. same as above..................................................wrong
C. It corrects the first problem but modifier problem remains......wrong.
D. despite + clause.................................................wrong.
E. the correct one....it uses clause after 'although' and corrects the modifier problem.

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Director
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22 Jul 2007, 04:45
OA is NOT E!!!
Let's have some more explanations!

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CEO
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
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30 Jul 2007, 09:52
There is are a lot of errors in this post. Let me attempt to clarify it all.

though / despite mean the same thing
though + clause
despite + noun
Even though has heavier emphasis.

botirvoy wrote:
283. Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during two decades, stringent rationing and planned distribution have allowed the People’s Republic of China to ensure nutritional levels of 2,000 calories per person per day for its population.

(A) Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during

(B) Even though its per capita food supply has hardly increased in

(C) Despite its per capita food supply hardly increasing over

(D) Despite there being hardly any increase in its per capita food supply during

(E) Although there is hardly any increase in per capita food supply for
syntactic expletive. not wrong but B is the better option. also, wrong tense

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VP
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03 Oct 2010, 09:36
so it is B for verb tense consistency?
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Manager
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Re: Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2013, 06:48
IT in B refers to rationaing which is wrong ... it should be E ...

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Intern
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Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2015, 18:50
seofah wrote:
boubi wrote:
E) wrong agreement in verb tense

What else is wrong with E apart from wrong tense?

Also, can someone explain HOW "its" in B can refer to "China"?
thank you for explanations guys!

(There is another example very close to this question: in-presenting-his-modus-vivendi-proposal-lansing-implied-37312.html#p1604310)

OA is B, and here is a very important issue to notice:
Unless the two circumstances below, there is seldom "unclear pronouns" in GMAT.
(1) Serious disagreement in subject and predicate.
(2) The pronoun refers to the noun which is in the modifier (attributive phrase, clause, etc., not the main content of a sentence).

By making clear of the definition above, we can further see that this is a task that tests our ability in discovering tense and parallelism:

(1) From the options, we see that "even though", "despite", "although" all have the same meaning.
Try not to differentiate the minor differences between them: they all compare the fact stated first with the approach stated second.
These words means comparison and therefore needs parallelism.

(2) From the second half the sentence, we know
"stringent rationing and planned distribution have allowed the People’s Republic of China to ensure nutritional levels of 2,000 calories per person per day for its population"

Then our task is simple now.

(A) Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during
Wrong.
Simple past tense used.

(B) Even though its per capita food supply has hardly increased in
Correct.
Present perfect tense used.

(C) Despite its per capita food supply hardly increasing over
Wrong.
Present progressive tense used.

(D) Despite there being hardly any increase in its per capita food supply during
Wrong.
Present progressive tense used.

(E) Although there is hardly any increase in per capita food supply for
Wrong.
Simple present tense used.

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 19

Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased   [#permalink] 19 Nov 2015, 18:50
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