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# Even though the direct costs of malpractice disputes amounts

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Manager
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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2010, 12:42
concept tested here is : S-V agreement +lower/less
subject is the direct costs so verb has to be singular..-a,b out
uncountables use less/more not lower so option C
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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2010, 15:12
first of all the sentence is in past tense. So "amounted to" is right usage. this eliminates A and B.
"amounted to a lower sum" - redundant. eliminate E
"amounted to lower"- amounted is uncountable ,usage of "less" is correct.

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2010, 23:26
C.

A and B are incorrect: use amounts (singular) for direct costs (plural)
Quote:
C : less is used for countable nouns. lower than should be used for non countable nouns

Well, after posting the answer I went through my notes and reference material.
I found the reasoning that I used in the quoted part to be wrong.
less than is used for non countable nouns and lower than for countable nouns
In this sentence 1% of xx billion \$ = money. Money is uncountable ->
fewer than some money - worng (fewer is used for countable nouns)
lower than some money - wrong
less than some money - correct

The confusion is created as x \$ is countable. But it is countable only if it refers to \$ bills (actual paper notes). Looking at the sentence (and 99% of the time in GMAT) x \$ is referring to money and not actual \$ bills. hence it becomes uncountable.

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2010, 19:02
Its C

Redundacy - Amount & SUM so A and E out

As its uncountable - so 'Less' not 'Lower'
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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2010, 19:17
Agreed with C. Amounted needs to be in the past tense to fit the setting of last year and money is uncountable so requires the descriptive less rather than lower.

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2011, 02:20
USCTrojan2006 wrote:
Should be less than, with amount in the past tense form.

this is the simplest explanation why it's C
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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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26 May 2011, 05:58
spriya wrote:
Even though the direct costs of malpractice disputes amounts to a sum lower than one percent of the \$541 billion the nation spent on health care last year, doctors say fear of lawsuits plays major role in health-care inflation.

(A) amounts to a sum lower
(B) amounts to less
(C) amounted to less
(D) amounted to lower
(E) amounted to a lower sum

costs is plural so A and B are out E has redundant "sum so it is also out

Between Less and Lower ;
I will go for Less as it is for Costs

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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26 May 2011, 10:53
+1 C

"Lower" can be only an adjective.
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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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26 May 2011, 11:01
Note the difference in lower vs. less

i scored lower than my sister
vs.
i scored 1% less than my sister

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Re: Even though the direct costs of malpractice disputes amounts [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2012, 19:40
Percent is uncountable unless the clearly specified how much is the money it should be considered Countable but when percent is mentioned it requires uncountable usage i.e. less

B and C : B is eliminated since it is singular subject the costs is plural hene answer is C.

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Re: Even though the direct costs of malpractice disputes amounts [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2013, 00:31
I got the OA but not sure if my method was corrrect. Basically I substituted in the ellipsis-ed (!) word into the second half of the sentence:
" but (whom) were eventually discovered" --> wrong because they (not them) were eventually discovered
"but (who) were eventually discovered" --> great!

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Re: Even though the direct costs of malpractice disputes amounts [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2014, 07:41
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Re: Even though the direct costs of malpractice disputes amounts [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2015, 05:56
The direct costs - this is plural and needs a plural verb. Many things amount to something. One thing amounts to something.
This discrepancy of singular verb following a plural subject eliminated A and B.

(A) amounts to a sum lower
(B) amounts to less

C v/s D v/s E

(C) amounted to less
(D) amounted to lower
(E) amounted to a lower sum

When comparing with percentage, less is preffered to lower. Hence C is the answer. Somebody please let me know whether this reason is correct. Moreover, putting in place D and E sound awkward - but awkward is not a grammatical reason. Pls help.
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Re: Even though the direct costs of malpractice disputes amounts [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 22:24
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Even though the direct costs of malpractice disputes amounts   [#permalink] 26 Aug 2017, 22:24

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