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# Even though the direct costs of malpractice disputes amounts

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Even though the direct costs of malpractice disputes amounts [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2008, 11:47
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Even though the direct costs of malpractice disputes amounts to a sum lower than one percent of the \$541 billion the nation spent on health care last year, doctors say fear of lawsuits plays major role in health-care inflation.

(A) amounts to a sum lower
(B) amounts to less
(C) amounted to less
(D) amounted to lower
(E) amounted to a lower sum
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2008, 12:49
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spriya wrote:
Even though the direct costs of malpractice disputes amounts to a sum lower than one percent of the \$541 billion the nation spent on health care last year, doctors say fear of lawsuits plays major role in health-care inflation.

(A) amounts to a sum lower
(B) amounts to less
(C) amounted to less
(D) amounted to lower
(E) amounted to a lower sum

direct costs -- amounts (Sub-ver) problem
A, B are out
E - out amount and sum are redundant.

Here we are comparing amount.. not number..
amount, money --> uncountable. --> we should use less/more (not lower)

I have more amount.
I have more money
I have less money
I have lower money --(wrong)

good question.
+1 for you
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Last edited by x2suresh on 23 Jul 2008, 14:19, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2008, 12:57
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x2suresh wrote:
spriya wrote:
Even though the direct costs of malpractice disputes amounts to a sum lower than one percent of the \$541 billion the nation spent on health care last year, doctors say fear of lawsuits plays major role in health-care inflation.

(A) amounts to a sum lower
(B) amounts to less
(C) amounted to less
(D) amounted to lower
(E) amounted to a lower sum

direct costs -- amounts (Sub-ver) problem
A, B are out
E - out amount and sum are redundant.

Here we are comparing amount.. not number..
amount, money --> they uncountable. and should use less/more (not lower)

I have more amount.
I have more money
I have less money
I have lower money --(wrong)

good question.
+1 for you

thank u
OA is C

yes uncountable -> less /more
measurable in units or countable lower higher

this year,profit of the company is less than 10%

this year profit of the company equals to a sum lower than 10%

I hope this is the funda
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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2009, 11:10
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past tense 'amounted' is needed.
amount and sum is redundant

'cost' is uncountable - hence less not lower
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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2008, 14:44
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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2008, 14:47
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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2008, 13:01
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spriya wrote:
x2suresh wrote:
spriya wrote:
Even though the direct costs of malpractice disputes amounts to a sum lower than one percent of the \$541 billion the nation spent on health care last year, doctors say fear of lawsuits plays major role in health-care inflation.

(A) amounts to a sum lower
(B) amounts to less
(C) amounted to less
(D) amounted to lower
(E) amounted to a lower sum

direct costs -- amounts (Sub-ver) problem
A, B are out
E - out amount and sum are redundant.

Here we are comparing amount.. not number..
amount, money --> they uncountable. and should use less/more (not lower)

I have more amount.
I have more money
I have less money
I have lower money --(wrong)

good question.
+1 for you

thank u
OA is C

yes uncountable -> less /more
measurable in units or countable lower higher

this year,profit of the company is less than 10%

this year profit of the company equals to a sum lower than 10%

I hope this is the funda

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2009, 22:52
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here direct costs is plural, so any thing singular such as " a lower sum" , " a sum less" or " a sum lower" should not come.

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2010, 09:41
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They're talking abt the past so -- amounted
Can't quantify 'amount' so it's 'less than' and not 'lower than'
Usage example 1: The water level is lower than expected
Example 2: The amount is far less than expected

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2008, 11:48
Kindy post in the difference between less than and lower than.
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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2008, 12:52
Interesting - I'm contemplating b/w C & D
I think C.. :s

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2008, 19:09
pawan203 wrote:
Interesting - I'm contemplating b/w C & D
I think C.. :s

can explain why not lower but less is to be used ?kindly post the explanations
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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2008, 08:18

Thank u

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2008, 08:49
should use amounted.

So c, d or e

d is wrong

e is wordy

So (C)

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2009, 13:52
that means if there is a answer choice "amounted to a sum lower" would be correct too, right?

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2009, 08:35
tashu wrote:
here direct costs is plural, so any thing singular such as " a lower sum" , " a sum less" or " a sum lower" should not come.

Oh, that's right. I forgot about that part. Thanks.

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2009, 09:12
urchin wrote:
past tense 'amounted' is needed.
amount and sum is redundant

'cost' is uncountable - hence less not lower

I see, thanks. You make it very clear.

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2010, 09:43
ans (C): less is used for uncountable things. as amount was below 1% of 54.. million but the exact amount is not specified ,so we cannot count the exact amt and hence less is used

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2010, 10:27
Should be less than, with amount in the past tense form.

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2010, 10:39
The answer i think is C.
as it is past tense and I prefer less than to lower than. as it is a specific percentage amount value and not an approximation or a rough estimate

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Re: sc- less than Vs lower than   [#permalink] 10 Dec 2010, 10:39

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