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# Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French

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Intern
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Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2012, 19:26
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45% (medium)

Question Stats:

62% (02:09) correct 38% (01:03) wrong based on 182 sessions

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Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French painter. No painting in the Hoular Gallery is by a Vorticist. Only Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.
If the information above is true, which of the following must also be true?
(A) No French painters are Vorticists.
(B) All Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(C) Some French painters do not use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(D) No French painters use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(E) All French painters who use acrylics use acrylic monochromes in their works.

I dont know how to rate difficulty level of this one. What do you think ?

Thanks..
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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Re: CR Question.. Solution and explanation ? [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2012, 19:39
I marked D first.

But i think right answer is C.

Reason: we cannot tell about all french painters but yes only those that has painting in the Hoular Gallery.so Some French painters do not use acrylic monochromes in their works.

Pls correct me if I am wrong
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Re: CR Question.. Solution and explanation ? [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2012, 20:29
I thought on these lines..

every painting by French
no painting by V
ie French not eq V
only V uses acm
ie F does not use acm
ie No F uses acm
Hence D.
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Re: CR Question.. Solution and explanation ? [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2012, 00:33
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Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French painter. No painting in the Hoular Gallery is by a Vorticist. Only Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.

If the information above is true, which of the following must also be true?
(A) No French painters are Vorticists. may be true, we only know abt french painter who worked at hoular gallery
(B) All Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.again a may be true. we only know that only vorticists used acrylic monochorme, but we do not know if everyone of them used it.
(C) Some French painters do not use acrylic monochromes in their works.only vorticist used acrylic monochorme and they did nit have a painting in hoular. Hoular was painted by french painter. hence those french painter didn't used acrylic monochrome. correct answer
(D) No French painters use acrylic monochromes in their works. we do not if vorticist were frech painters or not. so this may or may not be true
(E) All French painters who use acrylics use acrylic monochromes in their works.again we do not know all french painter.
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Re: CR Question.. Solution and explanation ? [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2012, 01:26
Quite tricky.. Cause and effect question ,anticipating some more question on cause and effect
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Re: CR Question.. Solution and explanation ? [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2012, 06:41
Thanks mysterio for explanation.
I was mistaking condition about French painter at art gallery to be a general statement for all French painters.
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Re: CR Question.. Solution and explanation ? [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2012, 01:44
Could someone clarify whether we can say "Some French painters do not use acrylic" if in reality NON of the French painters use acrylic.
i.e. does "some do not use" means that in the same time "some DO use"
hope it's clear what I want to ask-)
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Re: Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2016, 21:50

Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French painter. No painting in the Hoular Gallery is by a Vorticist. Only Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.
If the information above is true, which of the following must also be true?
(A) No French painters are Vorticists.
(B) All Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(C) Some French painters do not use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(D) No French painters use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(E) All French painters who use acrylics use acrylic monochromes in their works.

I dont know how to rate difficulty level of this one. What do you think ?

Thanks..

This can be solved using Venn diagram.
Unfortunately your software does not support that.
Anyway I just try to describe it.
HG is a subset of French. Vorticists can be anywhere outside HG. Therefore, some Voticists or all Vorticists can be French. There is also another possibility of no Voticists are French. Acrylics is a subset of Vorticists.
Since V is outside HG and Acrylics are inside V, HG who are French are not Acrylics.
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Re: Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2016, 21:53
I thought on these lines..

every painting by French
no painting by V
ie French not eq V
only V uses acm
ie F does not use acm
ie No F uses acm
Hence D.

Your statement F does not use acm is wrong. That is only a possibility.
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Re: Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2016, 21:59
Runner2 wrote:
Could someone clarify whether we can say "Some French painters do not use acrylic" if in reality NON of the French painters use acrylic.
i.e. does "some do not use" means that in the same time "some DO use"
hope it's clear what I want to ask-)

Some do not use does not imply some do use.
Think there are 4 persons A,B,C, and D.
You know that A and B do not use. However, you have no idea about C and D because nothing is said about C or D. Unless you verify them you cannot conclude that they use.
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Re: Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2016, 22:22

Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French painter. No painting in the Hoular Gallery is by a Vorticist. Only Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.
If the information above is true, which of the following must also be true?
(A) No French painters are Vorticists.
(B) All Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(C) Some French painters do not use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(D) No French painters use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(E) All French painters who use acrylics use acrylic monochromes in their works.

I dont know how to rate difficulty level of this one. What do you think ?

Thanks..

Can some one help me out in understanding why 'B' is wrong?

My understanding: Passage states " There are no paintings by Vorticist in the gallery. How the conclusion is arrived is becuase there were no painting made of acrylic monochromes. This implies that if there were painting made of Acrylic Monochoromes, then the painting was made by Vorticist"

Based on the observation listed above, it can be said that all Vorticist use Acrylic Monochromes since the paintings without Acrylic Mnonchoromes means there is no participation from Vorticist

Kindly some one help..
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Re: Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2016, 23:12

Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French painter. No painting in the Hoular Gallery is by a Vorticist. Only Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.
If the information above is true, which of the following must also be true?
(A) No French painters are Vorticists.
(B) All Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(C) Some French painters do not use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(D) No French painters use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(E) All French painters who use acrylics use acrylic monochromes in their works.

I dont know how to rate difficulty level of this one. What do you think ?

Thanks..

Since the question is a must be true- it seems option B is more appropriate but its quite direct and bold.
But how can we say option C - must be true as no link is provided between a French painter and acrylic monochromes.

As per the argument, we might also have a condition that none of the french painter use acrylic monochromes.

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Re: Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2016, 23:22
sowragu wrote:

Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French painter. No painting in the Hoular Gallery is by a Vorticist. Only Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.
If the information above is true, which of the following must also be true?
(A) No French painters are Vorticists.
(B) All Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(C) Some French painters do not use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(D) No French painters use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(E) All French painters who use acrylics use acrylic monochromes in their works.

I dont know how to rate difficulty level of this one. What do you think ?

Thanks..

Can some one help me out in understanding why 'B' is wrong?

My understanding: Passage states " There are no paintings by Vorticist in the gallery. How the conclusion is arrived is becuase there were no painting made of acrylic monochromes. This implies that if there were painting made of Acrylic Monochoromes, then the painting was made by Vorticist"

Based on the observation listed above, it can be said that all Vorticist use Acrylic Monochromes since the paintings without Acrylic Mnonchoromes means there is no participation from Vorticist

Kindly some one help..

Only Vorticists use acm means if there is an acm painting that is painted by a Vorticist. That implies all acms are painted by Vorticists. The converse is not true because there are some Vorticists who never painted acms. Yu got it!
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Re: Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2016, 23:29
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B cannot be the answer as the argument only says that only Vorticists use acrylic. However, this does not mean all Vorticists must use acrylic.
In C - we need to assume that some French painters are Vorticists. For an inference question this option may not be correct.
Option D- As per passage without making any Out of scope assumptions I find this option correct !!
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Re: Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2016, 23:36
hwgmat2015 wrote:
B cannot be the answer as the argument only says that only Vorticists use acrylic. However, this does not mean all Vorticists must use acrylic.
In C - we need to assume that some French painters are Vorticists. For an inference question this option may not be correct.
Option D- As per passage without making any Out of scope assumptions I find this option correct !!

Yes, true. For both B and C . Thanks...!!
But again for D to be true, we also have to assume that none of the French painters are Vorticists.
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Re: Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2016, 02:10
hwgmat2015 wrote:
B cannot be the answer as the argument only says that only Vorticists use acrylic. However, this does not mean all Vorticists must use acrylic.
In C - we need to assume that some French painters are Vorticists. For an inference question this option may not be correct.
Option D- As per passage without making any Out of scope assumptions I find this option correct !!

Thanks.. I got it.. Understood!!
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Re: Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2016, 13:02

Explaination :- When faced with terms that you are unfamiliar with or terms that seems made up or unclear, it is always a good strategy to find parallel term that you are an expert in (did my sentence ended in a preposition ?? well well.. that's a topic for some other day )

Although the term "Vorticist" may mean anything such as - impressionist painter or classical painter or Modernist etc etc.. it's still a senseless word for most of us. Whenever I see such random terms I try reduce the argument in every day terms/words. Sometimes it can create further problems and confusion, so don't try it unless you can retain and map the new terms/words to the old ones in the argument.

Lets do it there
Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French painter.
Every SONG in this CD is by a English Singer.
No painting in the Hoular Gallery is by a Vorticist.
No SONG in this CD is by POP-SINGER.
Only Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.
Only POP-SINGER use CRAPPY LYRICS in their songs.

SO our option choices have now become quite clear and easy. Now you can find the flaw in most of the option in 2 seconds based on your knowledge of music genres.
(A) No French painters are Vorticists.
(A) No English singers are POP-SINGERS
Wrong. In this particular CD no english singers are pop singers but in real life there may be many english singers who are pop singers

(B) All Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(B) All POP-SINGERS use crappy lyrics in their songs
WRONG:- Read carefully the original statement tell us "Only POP-SINGER use CRAPPY LYRICS in their songs". So if a song has crappy lyrics then definitely 100% it would be by pop singer. But it is not true that all pop singer use crappy lyrics.
For example:- In African jungles only lion attack humans.
But the reverse :- All lion attack humans in african jungle :-->may or may not be true.

(C) Some French painters do not use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(C) Some English singer do not use crappy lyrics in their songs
CORRECT:- Some English singers who sing Rock, Jazz, Rhythm & Soul, Punk or Classical will definitely not use crappy lyrics because only POP-SINGERS uses crappy lyrics. (All English Singers= rock+jazz+classical+pop.) Crappy ones are only pop singers. Others types of singers are ok.

(D) No French painters use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(D)No English singer use crappy lyrics in their work
WRONG :- This statement might be true for this CD but may or may not be true because there may or may not be english pop singers. And if there are pop singers, some of them will definitely use crappy lyrics.

(E) All French painters who use acrylics use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(E) All English singer who are crappy use crappy lyrics in their songs
WRONG:- Some of them might use crappy music, or crappy voice. Some of them may be Brittany Spears
So there are are many reason for being crappy. Similarly there are many categories of acrylic.

Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French painter. No painting in the Hoular Gallery is by a Vorticist. Only Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.
If the information above is true, which of the following must also be true?
(A) No French painters are Vorticists.
(B) All Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(C) Some French painters do not use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(D) No French painters use acrylic monochromes in their works.
(E) All French painters who use acrylics use acrylic monochromes in their works.

I dont know how to rate difficulty level of this one. What do you think ?

Thanks..

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Re: Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French   [#permalink] 19 Jun 2016, 13:02
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