It is currently 21 Sep 2017, 03:44

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 20 Jul 2011
Posts: 145

Kudos [?]: 78 [0], given: 15

GMAT Date: 10-21-2011
Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Sep 2011, 22:18
scorpio7 wrote:
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were foundin Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occured near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.


Conclusion: city of Kourion was destroyed by major earthquake in AD 365
Premise/Evidence: archaelogical findings of collapsed buildings devastated by earthquakes

What strengthens conclusion?

A - weakens conclusion. Means that Kourion existed beyond AD 365
B - strengthens. Hold!
C - erm okay...tells us what we already know - that the earthquake did happen in AD 365; doesn't tell us anything about Kourion being destroyed by this particular earthquake
D - weakens conclusion. Means that Kourion existed beyond AD 365
E - doesn't do anything for us. Inconclusive.

Answer: B
_________________

"The best day of your life is the one on which you decide your life is your own. No apologies or excuses. No one to lean on, rely on, or blame. The gift is yours - it is an amazing journey - and you alone are responsible for the quality of it. This is the day your life really begins." - Bob Moawab

Kudos [?]: 78 [0], given: 15

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Target MBA
Joined: 20 Jul 2010
Posts: 200

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 12

Location: Singapore
Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Sep 2011, 07:12
scorpio7 wrote:
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were foundin Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occured near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.


Should be B
A - Weakens
B - Strengthens
C - Irrelevant
D - Irrelevant
E - Weakens
_________________

Thanks and Regards,
GM.

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 12

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 13 Jul 2011
Posts: 143

Kudos [?]: 49 [0], given: 42

Concentration: Operations, Strategy
GMAT 1: 680 Q46 V37
WE: Engineering (Telecommunications)
Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Oct 2011, 09:26
++B

Kudos [?]: 49 [0], given: 42

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 29 Jan 2011
Posts: 16

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 7

Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
Schools: HKUST, ISB
GMAT Date: 11-20-2011
GPA: 3.6
WE: Business Development (Other)
Reviews Badge
Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Oct 2011, 12:42
B

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 7

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 13 Jul 2011
Posts: 143

Kudos [?]: 49 [0], given: 42

Concentration: Operations, Strategy
GMAT 1: 680 Q46 V37
WE: Engineering (Telecommunications)
Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Oct 2011, 22:06
B++

Kudos [?]: 49 [0], given: 42

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Aug 2011
Posts: 190

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 51

GPA: 3.5
Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jan 2012, 22:22
B is the only option that Strengthens the view that nothing happen in Kourion after A.D. 365.

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 51

Director
Director
User avatar
Status: Enjoying the GMAT journey....
Joined: 26 Aug 2011
Posts: 715

Kudos [?]: 571 [0], given: 264

Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V24
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jan 2012, 23:09
+1 B.
_________________

Fire the final bullet only when you are constantly hitting the Bull's eye, till then KEEP PRACTICING.

A WAY TO INCREASE FROM QUANT 35-40 TO 47 : http://gmatclub.com/forum/a-way-to-increase-from-q35-40-to-q-138750.html

Q 47/48 To Q 50 + http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-final-climb-quest-for-q-50-from-q47-129441.html#p1064367

Three good RC strategies http://gmatclub.com/forum/three-different-strategies-for-attacking-rc-127287.html

Kudos [?]: 571 [0], given: 264

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 12 Nov 2011
Posts: 132

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 24

Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jan 2012, 22:47
B for sure

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 24

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 24 Apr 2012
Posts: 1

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

GMAT Date: 05-19-2012
Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 May 2012, 12:52
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were foundin Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occured near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.


A, D, and E are irrelevant, so that leaves B and C. The text never states that the earthquake in question destroyed the town to the point of no recuperation. In fact, it mentions earthquakeS, which implies that the town had survived previous earthquakes. There is no reason here to suspect that the town did not continue after this, albeit devasting, quake. Therefore, the change in coins cannot be linked directly to an earthquake. Correlation does not equal causation. Since the conclusion is that the destruction found was caused by an earthquake near that place at that time, historical facts noting this to be accurate would best strengthen the hypothesis. The answer should be C.

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 19 Feb 2012
Posts: 25

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 7

Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
Schools: WBS '15
GMAT 1: 700 Q48 V38
GPA: 3.36
WE: Analyst (Computer Software)
Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 May 2012, 02:43
should be B once you look at it closely...

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 7

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 28 May 2011
Posts: 191

Kudos [?]: 70 [0], given: 7

Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, International Business
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V38
GPA: 3.6
WE: Project Management (Computer Software)
Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 May 2012, 03:43
DAYNE wrote:
Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.--- conclusion

no other answer choice mentions the earthquake


It is already given in the argument.

Something that would strengthen the argument should not already be there in the argument.

Something that would strengthen this argument should tell us there is any specific kind of artifacts that were found on the site were made before AD 365 not after that.

& that's what option B precisely does.
_________________

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
http://gmatclub.com/forum/a-guide-to-the-official-guide-13-for-gmat-review-134210.html
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Kudos [?]: 70 [0], given: 7

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 28 Feb 2011
Posts: 6

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 3

Schools: Harvard
Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 May 2012, 04:45
gmatprakash wrote:
Except B and E, all other options are either talking abt "Near to Kourion" or before or after 365 but not 365 AD. So A, C and D can't be the answer.
E is totally irrelevant and B is the one which can prove that there was something before 365 which becameinactive after 365.

So B is the answer.

____________________________________________________

But in argument written "near the island" the same as C

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 3

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 28 Feb 2011
Posts: 6

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 3

Schools: Harvard
Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 May 2012, 04:47
anordinaryguy wrote:
DAYNE wrote:
Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.--- conclusion

no other answer choice mentions the earthquake


It is already given in the argument.

Something that would strengthen the argument should not already be there in the argument.

Something that would strengthen this argument should tell us there is any specific kind of artifacts that were found on the site were made before AD 365 not after that.

& that's what option B precisely does.

"Something that would strengthen the argument should not already be there in the argument." Are sure about this?

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 3

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 28 Feb 2011
Posts: 6

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 3

Schools: Harvard
Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 May 2012, 04:53
Who can explain it to me? Why not C?

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 3

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Dec 2011
Posts: 120

Kudos [?]: 540 [0], given: 116

Location: India
Concentration: International Business, Strategy
GMAT Date: 07-30-2012
GPA: 2.66
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jul 2012, 23:03
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devastated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occurred near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessels that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyprus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.


Quote:
why not C?

_________________

Please press Kudos if you found this post helpful

Kudos [?]: 540 [0], given: 116

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Affiliations: Project Management Professional (PMP)
Joined: 30 Jun 2011
Posts: 199

Kudos [?]: 81 [1], given: 12

Location: New Delhi, India
Re: Excavation of the ancient city [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2012, 00:08
1
This post received
KUDOS
maybeam wrote:
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devastated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occurred near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessels that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyprus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.


Quote:
why not C?

"C" is not correct as it only reconfirms that there was an earthquake - something we already know from the problem, thus restating a premise and therefore doesn't strengthens\supports the hypothesis
_________________

Best
Vaibhav

If you found my contribution helpful, please click the +1 Kudos button on the left, Thanks

Kudos [?]: 81 [1], given: 12

1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
Status: Final Countdown
Joined: 17 Mar 2010
Posts: 537

Kudos [?]: 349 [1], given: 75

Location: India
GPA: 3.82
WE: Account Management (Retail Banking)
Re: Excavation of the ancient city [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2012, 02:24
1
This post received
KUDOS
The answer needs something which "most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis".
We are supposed the choose the AC which adds an information and has a strong point in supporting the archaeologists' hypothesis, so we should not choose an AC which just repeats the premise given in the argument.
_________________

" Make more efforts "
Press Kudos if you liked my post

Kudos [?]: 349 [1], given: 75

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Jun 2012
Posts: 71

Kudos [?]: 131 [1], given: 21

Location: India
WE: General Management (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Excavation of the ancient city [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2012, 04:22
1
This post received
KUDOS
Here Point C is out of choice for reason mentioned in earlier post.

As per my understanding, OA is B because, its the only choice which mentiones that the city was destroyed in AD365 as no coins minted after that were found so logically supports claim that it was destroyed in year 365 (I am not taking earthquake as major reason)

All other choices A,D & E supports that things/evidence from that city is avialble after AD 365 also like Drinking one,statues etc.

Am I right?

Kudos [?]: 131 [1], given: 21

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 02 Jun 2011
Posts: 115

Kudos [?]: 59 [1], given: 5

Re: Excavation of the ancient city [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2012, 04:33
1
This post received
KUDOS
maybeam wrote:
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devastated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occurred near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessels that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyprus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.


Quote:
why not C?


A is out as it is mentioning before and after AD 365
B only talks about before AD 365
C it is repeating the same as argument
D it has given the range again
E after AD 365

So, only 'B' give clear indication of events before AD 365. I hope this is correct

Kudos [?]: 59 [1], given: 5

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 31 Mar 2010
Posts: 130

Kudos [?]: 93 [1], given: 38

Re: Excavation of the ancient city [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2012, 04:59
1
This post received
KUDOS
jitgoel wrote:
maybeam wrote:
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devastated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occurred near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessels that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyprus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.


Quote:
why not C?


A is out as it is mentioning before and after AD 365
B only talks about before AD 365
C it is repeating the same as argument
D it has given the range again
E after AD 365

So, only 'B' give clear indication of events before AD 365. I hope this is correct


Rightly said. B is the best.
Those who are confused with C - should carefully read the statement
1. it does repeat what is given in premise
2. It only says an earthquake occurred in A.D. 365. but it does not relate to the fact that it was the only earthquake in and around that time which could have destroyed.
Had the statement said..this was the only earthquake that occurred in several years around the time of destruction, then it could have been tricky to pick this one. a sample of this is also there in OG.
_________________

Push +1 kudos button please, if you like my post

Kudos [?]: 93 [1], given: 38

Re: Excavation of the ancient city   [#permalink] 26 Jul 2012, 04:59

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   4   5    Next  [ 83 posts ] 

    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
The island of Kauai features sobby 4 25 Aug 2017, 10:39
23 EXPERTS_POSTS_IN_THIS_TOPIC Numerous Ancient Mayan cities have been discovered in the georgepaul0071987 20 31 May 2017, 14:01
134 EXPERTS_POSTS_IN_THIS_TOPIC Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered hoogie 39 14 Sep 2016, 07:16
5 EXPERTS_POSTS_IN_THIS_TOPIC Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus souvik101990 3 11 Jan 2016, 13:03
9 EXPERTS_POSTS_IN_THIS_TOPIC Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of PUNEETSCHDV 10 25 Feb 2017, 02:31
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.