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# Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of

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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2011, 22:18
scorpio7 wrote:
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were foundin Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occured near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.

Conclusion: city of Kourion was destroyed by major earthquake in AD 365
Premise/Evidence: archaelogical findings of collapsed buildings devastated by earthquakes

What strengthens conclusion?

A - weakens conclusion. Means that Kourion existed beyond AD 365
B - strengthens. Hold!
C - erm okay...tells us what we already know - that the earthquake did happen in AD 365; doesn't tell us anything about Kourion being destroyed by this particular earthquake
D - weakens conclusion. Means that Kourion existed beyond AD 365
E - doesn't do anything for us. Inconclusive.

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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2011, 07:12
scorpio7 wrote:
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were foundin Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occured near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.

Should be B
A - Weakens
B - Strengthens
C - Irrelevant
D - Irrelevant
E - Weakens
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2011, 09:26
++B
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2011, 12:42
B
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2011, 22:06
B++
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2012, 22:22
B is the only option that Strengthens the view that nothing happen in Kourion after A.D. 365.
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2012, 23:09
+1 B.
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2012, 22:47
B for sure
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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16 May 2012, 12:52
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were foundin Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occured near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.

A, D, and E are irrelevant, so that leaves B and C. The text never states that the earthquake in question destroyed the town to the point of no recuperation. In fact, it mentions earthquakeS, which implies that the town had survived previous earthquakes. There is no reason here to suspect that the town did not continue after this, albeit devasting, quake. Therefore, the change in coins cannot be linked directly to an earthquake. Correlation does not equal causation. Since the conclusion is that the destruction found was caused by an earthquake near that place at that time, historical facts noting this to be accurate would best strengthen the hypothesis. The answer should be C.
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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17 May 2012, 02:43
should be B once you look at it closely...
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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19 May 2012, 03:43
DAYNE wrote:
Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.--- conclusion

no other answer choice mentions the earthquake

It is already given in the argument.

Something that would strengthen the argument should not already be there in the argument.

Something that would strengthen this argument should tell us there is any specific kind of artifacts that were found on the site were made before AD 365 not after that.

& that's what option B precisely does.
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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19 May 2012, 04:45
gmatprakash wrote:
Except B and E, all other options are either talking abt "Near to Kourion" or before or after 365 but not 365 AD. So A, C and D can't be the answer.
E is totally irrelevant and B is the one which can prove that there was something before 365 which becameinactive after 365.

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But in argument written "near the island" the same as C
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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19 May 2012, 04:47
anordinaryguy wrote:
DAYNE wrote:
Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.--- conclusion

no other answer choice mentions the earthquake

It is already given in the argument.

Something that would strengthen the argument should not already be there in the argument.

Something that would strengthen this argument should tell us there is any specific kind of artifacts that were found on the site were made before AD 365 not after that.

& that's what option B precisely does.

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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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19 May 2012, 04:53
Who can explain it to me? Why not C?
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2012, 08:21
I ruled out c because it states historians' hypothesis that could be either right or wrong. facts rather than Opinions/hypothesis/beliefs strengthen an argument.
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2012, 10:05
This question is mentioned in the live section of e gmat. we want e gmat expert do this question for us, using prethinking assumption first . pls, detail the process of prethink an assumption for this question. This step is key to success on CR. Thank you.
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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20 May 2013, 12:47
mailnavin1 wrote:
scorpio7 wrote:
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion. - The word following implies quake can also have happened in 366 or 367
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were foundin Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occured near the island in A.D. 365. - Nearby earthquake has no significance - Earthquake in India did not cause one in pakistan
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion. - same as A
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.- weakens the argument

Obviously this is an official question. However, read the stem: "Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365"

Now read C: Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occured near the island in A.D. 365

"B" doesnt prove there was an earthquake, although its plausible. It depends on which part of the conclusion you are attacking. Perhaps Kourion decided not to use coins, and switched to trading teeth as currency? "B" does not have to mean that there were earthquakes nor does it mean that the city was destroyed. I can poke a lot more holes into "B" than I can into "C".
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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23 May 2013, 20:17
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(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.---Irrelevant
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were foundin Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance----shows that the coins something happened in AD 365 that stopped the normal coin production
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occured near the island in A.D. 365.--------Modern history is out of scope
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.----------Irrelevant
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion. ---------Doesn't make the argument strong
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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24 May 2013, 03:15
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were foundin Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occured near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.

Nothing but B,
C: Talks abot earthquake near the island and also, the earthquake might not destroy the islands.
D: between 300 and 400 AD might include period after 365 AD also.

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Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2013, 21:07
I don't buy the reasoning for 'C'. Just because the Option 'C' doesn't mention the words "earthquake destroyed" we cannot or rather we should not rule out the option. In fact if you guys put the same kind of reasoning in 'B' it clearly doesnt mention that the coins were stopped minting because of the devastation that the earthquake caused, it simply says that coins minted after AD 365 were not found which can also imply that kourions just stopped minting or they might have substituted coins with something else.

All I am saying is that Just because 'C' doesnt say the words "earthquake destroyed" we cannot/should not rule out C. If someone can really reason out with proper logic for both 'B' and 'C' that would be helpful.

I am also keen to know more about the reasoning that 'C' only repeats the conclusion and gives nothing more. This fact is true, 'C' does really says nothing more that just repeat the conclusion, but the main question is, in CR's of 'S' 'W' types where such type of options will/might be present, is it OK to eliminate it just because it restates the conclusion. Has any book/rule given something about it.

Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of   [#permalink] 26 Jul 2013, 21:07

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