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# Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of

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Senior Manager
Joined: 04 Sep 2015
Posts: 460
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2017, 10:05
(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
the ceremonail drinking vessals are used when there is a ceremony while the earthquake destroyed the town completely ther are little chances of the ceremony to have occured.

(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were foundin Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance
This answer choice makes clear that the destruction occured in 365 since no coins minted after the year were found and those minted before that year were found.

(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occured near the island in A.D. 365.
this choice also strengthens the argument but his choice is inferior to choice b as choice b presents clear evidence.

(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
the 300-400 is a 100 year gap and does not points out the exact year of the earthquake and therfore not a good answer

(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2017, 20:29
Hi Bunuel,
Hope you are well. It seems that this question is seen in different places. So, I request you to merge this topics so that member of gmatclub easily find the topics in a particular place. Thank you...

Here is the link of this question in different places.
https://gmatclub.com/forum/excavation-o ... fl=similar
https://gmatclub.com/forum/excavation-o ... fl=similar
https://gmatclub.com/forum/excavation-o ... fl=similar
https://gmatclub.com/forum/excavation-o ... 79679.html
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2017, 20:32
sayantanc2k wrote:
iMyself wrote:
scorpio7 wrote:
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following,[i] if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?[/i]

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyprus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.

Situation:

After excavation of the city, there have been got a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings, which are devastated by the earthquake. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction
was due to a major (NOT minor) earthquake known to have occurred near the island in A.D. 365.
There are two situations I've to consider here:
1. Before A.D. 365 and
2. After A.D. 365

And also I must proof two things here simultaneously:
Part 1:

The destruction was due to an earthquake, which was major (our job is NOT to prove that the destruction was ONLY due to an earthquake because in first sentence of the argument it is already said that the destruction was due to an earthquake but we have to prove that the earthquake was a MAJOR earthquake rather than only earthquake
Part 2:
The destruction was happened in A.D. 365.
According to GMAC, option B is the 100% correct answer.

Part 1:
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.
The fragment 1: No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion,
The fragment 2: but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.
That means: (B) The coins, which minted after A.D. 365, were NOT found in Kourion, but the coins, which minted before that year (exactly in A.D. 364), were found in abundance.
What does the bold part infer?
The bold part infers that if someone gets the coin, which was made after 365 (i.e., 366,367,368 to till date), will proof that the destruction was NOT happen in A.D.365. If you got any coin in which there is written A.D. 366 on the site of the coin, it'll definitely proof that the destruction was happened in any day of A.D. 366 (NOT 365 as it is considered after 365 by The fragment 1), if you got any coin in which there is written 2015 on the site of the coin, it must proof that the destruction was happen in any day of 2015 (NOT 2014 or before as it is considered by me The coins, which minted after 2014, were...) to till date today but not tomorrow !
So, the fragment 1 ensures that the city had been destroyed by earthquake as ONLY earthquake is discussed in the argument.

Again, problem in option B:
The option B is totally unable to proof that the earthquake was major (NOT minor!). Suppose, someone has got some coins after earthquake, the guy may have these coins for a MINOR earthquake, isn't it?
The argument did not give any indication that if the earthquake is in 8 Richter scale then the earthquake will be major earthquake. And there also should have at least one indication in answer option, which must imply that the earthquake was, of course, major earthquake. But option B hasn't indicated that sort of things.

Analogy: [......statement.....].
[Conclusion]Finally, scientists have hypothesized that the reward was given by the white American. If answer option proves that it is ONLY by 'American' or it is by 'black American', it'll definitely be wrong! The correct answer option must prove that it is ONLY by "White American".

Here, I just want to say that ''adjective'' plays a vital role in this regard.

Part 2:
(B) The coins, which minted after A.D. 365, were NOT found in Kourion, but the coins, which minted before that year (this doesn't mean EXACTLY in A.D. 364, it may be FIRST month of A.D. 364 and also LAST month of A.D. 364), were found in abundance.

Analogy: Suppose, the coins were made on January, 2015 (but ONLY year 2015 will be written NOT January 1st , 10th, 31st , 2015 will be written fully/completely on the site of the coin!) and the earthquake occurred on May 1st , 2015. Suppose, GMAC has got some coins on this earthquake today (February 4, 2017). So, the GMAC MUST NOT say that the earthquake was happened in 2018 (The year 2018 has not come yet!). So, the correct answer option B can???t prove that the destruction was happened in A.D. 365; it, basically, will happen in any day of A.D. 364.

So, if my logic is correct, then GMAC's right option is wrong! But, if my logic doesn't fit with this situation and/or doesn't make any sense, then I'm really sorry for creating excitement to all the students and expert of GMAT Club!

It appears that you are presuming that the question is about when the earthquake happened - it is not. It is already established that the earthquake happened in A.D.365. But whether the city was destroyed by that earthquake or by some other reason is the topic of the argument.

Hi sayantanc2k,
Hope you're well brother. It is already established that x=364, here is their equation (argument) => 2x+y=728
Answer option should be, y=0. If someone says that y=anything other than zero, should I accept it?
Shouldn’t it be y=0?
It seems that I’m doing math in CR-that is not at all. Actually, I’m trying to prove something logically. 
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2017, 10:46
DAYNE wrote:
calvinhobbes wrote:
DAYNE wrote:
C is the only answer that strengthens the CONCLUSION

How so?

Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.--- conclusion

no other answer choice mentions the earthquake

Hi,

B strengthens the conclusion, C is also a strengthener. Also two options have some loop holes (though the options of strengthen questions may have some loop holes because the options should to some extent strengthen the argument and it does not have to be airtight).

(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.

Loop Hole: This option opens a possibility that the earthquake did not occur in A.D 365 rather it occurred sometime before A.D 365 (may be in A.D 362).

(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.

Loop Hole: This option opens a possibility that the historians might have wrongly hypothesized.

So how I shall determine which option is better though both are to some extent strengthening the argument. My problem is that I always think a lot.
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2017, 06:52
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of   [#permalink] 21 Aug 2017, 06:52

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