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# Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of

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Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2009, 20:23
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Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were foundin Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occured near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2009, 10:44
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I guess B would be the right option.

A. Bronze ceremonial drinking vassals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion. We are talking about Kourion 'near' will not help.
B. No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.
C. Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365. Earthquake can occur but that destroyed the city is not indicated.
D. Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion. does not help
E. Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion. Information not required.
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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12 May 2010, 06:26
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scorpio7 wrote:
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion. - The word following implies quake can also have happened in 366 or 367
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were foundin Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occured near the island in A.D. 365. - Nearby earthquake has no significance - Earthquake in India did not cause one in pakistan
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion. - same as A
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.- weakens the argument

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Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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23 May 2013, 20:17
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(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.---Irrelevant
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were foundin Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance----shows that the coins something happened in AD 365 that stopped the normal coin production
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occured near the island in A.D. 365.--------Modern history is out of scope
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.----------Irrelevant
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion. ---------Doesn't make the argument strong

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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2011, 02:10
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the matter here is why C is wrong

I think C is wrong because C RESTATES EVIDENCE. Restate or contradict evidence is alway wrong in A, W, S questions. Restate evidence can be correct in Inference questions.

In OG book, I do not see this kind of trick-restate or contradict evidence.

the answer choice which RESTATE EVIDENCE is very attractive in Assumption and Strenthen questions. The answer choice which CONTRADICT EVIDENCE is very attractive in Weaken questions. We only realize this trick wrong answer choice when we see the correct choice beside. When we see 2 answer choice are attractive, think about this trick to be the winner

there are 2 tricks I see on gmatprep questions, 1- affecting conclusion outside context of evidence, 2- offer scenario which strenthen or weaken but do not offer action which strenthen, weaken. though it is easy for us to understand the explanation, we get the question right hard.

we have to master this trick by creating an arguement, creating the answer choices.

hi, friends, please, give your idea on this. and remember, pracite on formal questions like this.

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Re: Excavation of the ancient city [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2012, 00:08
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maybeam wrote:
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devastated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occurred near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessels that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyprus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.

Quote:
why not C?

"C" is not correct as it only reconfirms that there was an earthquake - something we already know from the problem, thus restating a premise and therefore doesn't strengthens\supports the hypothesis
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2012, 02:24
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The answer needs something which "most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis".
We are supposed the choose the AC which adds an information and has a strong point in supporting the archaeologists' hypothesis, so we should not choose an AC which just repeats the premise given in the argument.
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Re: Excavation of the ancient city [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2012, 04:22
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Here Point C is out of choice for reason mentioned in earlier post.

As per my understanding, OA is B because, its the only choice which mentiones that the city was destroyed in AD365 as no coins minted after that were found so logically supports claim that it was destroyed in year 365 (I am not taking earthquake as major reason)

All other choices A,D & E supports that things/evidence from that city is avialble after AD 365 also like Drinking one,statues etc.

Am I right?

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Re: Excavation of the ancient city [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2012, 04:33
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maybeam wrote:
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devastated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occurred near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessels that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyprus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.

Quote:
why not C?

A is out as it is mentioning before and after AD 365
C it is repeating the same as argument
D it has given the range again

So, only 'B' give clear indication of events before AD 365. I hope this is correct

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Re: Excavation of the ancient city [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2012, 04:59
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jitgoel wrote:
maybeam wrote:
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devastated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occurred near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessels that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyprus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.

Quote:
why not C?

A is out as it is mentioning before and after AD 365
C it is repeating the same as argument
D it has given the range again

So, only 'B' give clear indication of events before AD 365. I hope this is correct

Rightly said. B is the best.
Those who are confused with C - should carefully read the statement
1. it does repeat what is given in premise
2. It only says an earthquake occurred in A.D. 365. but it does not relate to the fact that it was the only earthquake in and around that time which could have destroyed.
Had the statement said..this was the only earthquake that occurred in several years around the time of destruction, then it could have been tricky to pick this one. a sample of this is also there in OG.
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2009, 21:37
IMO B

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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2009, 00:33
Moved to the CR forum.

Scorpio - let me know if this is not the right location of this question.

Thanks
BB.
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2009, 08:08
I'll go with "B" also as it further proves the hypothesis that it occurred in AD 365. If there are no coins past this point= Earthquake occurred.

Last edited by anish319 on 18 Jun 2009, 10:40, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2009, 09:57
B is the only choice that is correctly showing that nothing happened after 365 AD.

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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2009, 13:06
Its clear B...One of the official guide questions...
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2009, 13:12
Unquestionably B

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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2009, 12:07
Except B and E, all other options are either talking abt "Near to Kourion" or before or after 365 but not 365 AD. So A, C and D can't be the answer.
E is totally irrelevant and B is the one which can prove that there was something before 365 which becameinactive after 365.

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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2009, 07:57
B. This question is in the OG.

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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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10 May 2010, 06:10
This is a repost. This question was given a few weeks back

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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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10 May 2010, 11:30
B It is .

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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes   [#permalink] 10 May 2010, 11:30

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