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Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered

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Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered [#permalink]

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Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered numerous detailed mosaics depicting several readily identifiable animal species : a hare, a partridge, and various Mediterranean fish. Oddly, most of the species represented did not live in the Sepphoris region when these mosaics were created. Since identical motifs appear in mosaics found in other Roman cities, however, the mosaics of Sepphoris were very likely created by traveling artisans from some other part of the Roman Empire.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The Sepphoris mosaics are not composed exclusively of types of stones found naturaly in the Sepphoris area.
B. There is no single region to which all the species depicted in the Sepphoris mosaics are native.
C. No motifs appear in the Sepphoris mosaics that do not also appear in the mosaics of some other Roman city.
D. All of the animal figures in the Sepphoris mosaics are readily identifiable as representations of known species.
E. There was not a common repertory of mosaic designs with which artisans who lived in various parts of the Roman Empire were familiar.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Hey guys, what do you think the answer would be?
anyone who has an idea please share thoughts with full explanation.

Thanks.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 20 Apr 2017, 19:23, edited 3 times in total.
Added OA.
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Re: Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered [#permalink]

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IMO E.

conclusion: mosaics are created by travelling artisans

D says that all figures are identifiable. This is stated not assumed because stem says "depicting several readily identifiable animal species".
E says "no repertory": means that no scope for local artist to imitate those animals.
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Re: Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered [#permalink]

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hoogie wrote:
Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered numerous detailed mosaics depicting several readily identifiable animal species : a hare, a partridge, and various Mediterranean fish. Oddly, most of the species represented did not live in the Sepphoris region when these mosaics were created. Since identical motifs appear in mosaics found in other Roman cities, however, the mosaics of Sepphoris were very likely created by traveling artisans from some other part of the Roman Empire.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

a. The Sepphoris mosaics are not composed exclusively of types of stones found naturaly in the Sepphoris area.
b. There is no single region to which all the species depicted in the Sepphoris mosaics are native.
c. No motifs appear in the Sepphoris mosaics that do not also appear in the mosaics of some other Roman city.
d. All of the animal figures in the Sepphoris mosaics are readily identifiable as representations of known species.
e. There was not a common repertory of mosaic designs with which artisans who lived in various parts of the Roman Empire were familiar.

Hey guys, what do you think the answer would be?
anyone who has an idea please share thoughts with full explanation.


Thanks.


Is this a MGMAT Q? Typically MGMAT uses such difficult words and makes it more complex. Jeez! Roman empire. Sepphoris, mosiac, motifs.. What the hell? B T W, I like MGMAT.

IMO E,

If there was a common repertory from where every thing was sourced and developed, it is possible that the designs were done by local artisans and not traveling artisans. Hence E is needed for the conclusion to stay.
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Re: Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered [#permalink]

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ruturajp wrote:
please explain...I dint get this answer


The conclusion of the above argument says "the mosaics of Sepphoris were very likely created by traveling artisans from some other part of the Roman Empire."

Now, why would the argument say that 'traveling' artisans are responsible for these mosaics? Why not artisans who do not travel? This is obviously because, the motifs depicted are not based on creatures found in Sepphoris. However, this 'obvious' argument hides an underlying assumption; the artisans who do not travel, do not have a catalog of motifs that they could simply refer to for their work. This is the assumption behind the conclusion that 'traveling artisans' are responsible for the job.

Answer E!
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Re: Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered [#permalink]

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hoogie wrote:
Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered numerous detailed mosaics depicting several readily identifiable animal species : a hare, a partridge, and various Mediterranean fish. Oddly, most of the species represented did not live in the Sepphoris region when these mosaics were created. Since identical motifs appear in mosaics found in other Roman cities, however, the mosaics of Sepphoris were very likely created by traveling artisans from some other part of the Roman Empire.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

a. The Sepphoris mosaics are not composed exclusively of types of stones found naturaly in the Sepphoris area.
b. There is no single region to which all the species depicted in the Sepphoris mosaics are native.
c. No motifs appear in the Sepphoris mosaics that do not also appear in the mosaics of some other Roman city.
d. All of the animal figures in the Sepphoris mosaics are readily identifiable as representations of known species.
e. There was not a common repertory of mosaic designs with which artisans who lived in various parts of the Roman Empire were familiar.

Hey guys, what do you think the answer would be?
anyone who has an idea please share thoughts with full explanation.

Thanks.


X A - talks about stones, irrelevant
X B - again talks about the "specific" location of the species, irrelevant
X C - even if the motifs from Sepphoris appeared in other regions so what, point is why they are in Sepphoris - irrelevant
X D - all of the animals may or may not be identifiable, we know that at least some of the identified ones were not local
E - even if it states a new fact not included in the original statement, if this assumption were not true, then the "travelling" artisan conclusion would be negated.

E IMO

Thanks, good question.
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Re: Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2012, 09:55
metallicafan wrote:
IMO, C.


It can not be C.

Just because I have something that you also have, it does not mean I don't have what you don't have. To think that way is to go extreme.
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Re: Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2012, 03:49
Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered numerous detailed mosaics depicting several readily identifiable animal species: a hare, a partridge, and various Mediterranean fish. Oddly, most of the species represented did not live in the Sepphoris region when these mosaics were created. Since identical motifs appear in mosaics found in other Roman cities, however, the mosaics of Sepphoris were very likely created by traveling artisans from some other part of the Roman Empire.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. The Sepphoris mosaics are not composed exclusively of types of stones found naturally in the Sepphoris area.
B. There is no single region to which all the species depicted in the Sepphoris mosaics native
C. No motifs appear in the Sepphoris mosaics that do not also appear in the mosaics of some other Roman city
D. All of the animal figures in the Sepphoris mosaics are readily identifiable as representation of known species
E. There was not a common repertory of mosaic designs with which artisans who lived in various parts of the Roman empire were familiar


can someone explain this question?
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Re: Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered [#permalink]

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Arg says that since animals were not present in Sepphoris but in other roman cities, mosaics were made by traveling artist from some other place.

E clearly describes the assumption that there was no common repository from where artists can get information of designs.

Please mention in case you want to discuss any particular option
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Re: Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2012, 07:57
piyushksharma wrote:
Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered numerous detailed mosaics depicting several readily identifiable animal species: a hare, a partridge, and various Mediterranean fish. Oddly, most of the species represented did not live in the Sepphoris region when these mosaics were created. Since identical motifs appear in mosaics found in other Roman cities, however, the mosaics of Sepphoris were very likely created by traveling artisans from some other part of the Roman Empire.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. The Sepphoris mosaics are not composed exclusively of types of stones found naturally in the Sepphoris area.
B. There is no single region to which all the species depicted in the Sepphoris mosaics native
C. No motifs appear in the Sepphoris mosaics that do not also appear in the mosaics of some other Roman city
D. All of the animal figures in the Sepphoris mosaics are readily identifiable as representation of known species
E. There was not a common repertory of mosaic designs with which artisans who lived in various parts of the Roman empire were familiar


can someone explain this question?


Argument/Conclusion is given in the last sentence " however, the mosaics of Sepphoris were very likely created by traveling artisans from some other part of the Roman Empire"

To support this, we should say that artisans could not have imagined this, they should no repository to see the designs etc... Only E talks about this fact
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Re: Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2012, 07:05
How does one refute option C??
If all motifs in Sepphoris also appear in some other city of the Roman empire, and most of the creatures found on these motifs were not even found in that region at that time, was it not possible that Sepphoris' locals had not created them, but by someone who came to Sepphoris.
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Re: Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2012, 07:05
How does one refute option C??
If all motifs in Sepphoris also appear in some other city of the Roman empire, and most of the creatures found on these motifs were not even found in that region at that time, was it not possible that Sepphoris' locals had not created them, but by someone who came to Sepphoris.
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Re: Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2012, 07:22
Let's Put it this way;

Travelling artisans made those mosaics because, if Rome had a common repertory of mosaic designs then, local (non-travelling ) artisan could have learnt those mosaics and made it in their local cities.

(E) wins.
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Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered [#permalink]

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Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered numerous detailed mosaics depicting several readily identifiable animal species: a hare, a partridge, and various Mediterranean fish. Oddly, most of the species represented did not live in the Sepphoris region when these mosaics were created. Since identical motifs appear in mosaics found in other Roman cities, however, the mosaics of Sepphoris were very likely created by traveling artisans from some other part of the Roman Empire.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The Sepphoris mosaics are not composed exclusively of types of stones found naturally in the Sepphoris area.
B. There is no single region to which all the species depicted in the Sepphoris mosaics native
C. No motifs appear in the Sepphoris mosaics that do not also appear in the mosaics of some other Roman city
D. All of the animal figures in the Sepphoris mosaics are readily identifiable as representation of known species
E. There was not a common repertory of mosaic designs with which artisans who lived in various parts of the Roman empire were familiar
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Re: GMATPrep CR #26 : need help/explanation [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2012, 09:32
Can anybody explain me how the answer is E?
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Re: GMATPrep CR #26 : need help/explanation [#permalink]

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from the MGMAT explanation, what they did was reverse the assumption of E. so if they HAD a common repertory of mosaic designs, this would invalidate the entire argument above. Therefore, E. is an essential assumption for the argument presented.
Hope this helps :)
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Re: GMATPrep CR #26 : need help/explanation [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2012, 11:51
Basically , the conclusion says that travelling artists created mosaics in different parts of roman city , ie one group of artists did all the work through out Roman cities , so an assumption is there are no other groups in the Roman City. E says the same cause if there is a repository you can have more than one group. Hope it helps
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Re: GMATPrep CR #26 : need help/explanation [#permalink]

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naruphanp wrote:
Question 26:
Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered numerous detailed mosaics depicting several readily identifiable animal species: a hare, a partridge, and various Mediterranean fish. Oddly, most of the species represented did not live in the Sepphoris region when these mosaics were created. Since identical motifs appear in mosaics found in other Roman cities, however, the mosaics of Sepphoris were very likely created by traveling artisans from some other part of the Roman Empire.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. The Sepphoris mosaics are not composed exclusively of types of stones found naturally in the Sepphoris area.
B. There is no single region to which all the species depicted in the Sepphoris mosaics native
C. No motifs appear in the Sepphoris mosaics that do not also appear in the mosaics of some other Roman city
D. All of the animal figures in the Sepphoris mosaics are readily identifiable as representation of known species
E. There was not a common repertory of mosaic designs with which artisans who lived in various parts of the Roman empire were familiar


Assumption questions require that you understand the structure of the argument.
Background: Sepphoris has mosiacs with animals
Premise: Species in the mosiacs didn't live in Sepphoris at the time
Premise: Same species were found in mosiacs in other Roman cities
Conclusion: Therefore, mosiacs were created by traveling artisans.

Assumptions fill the gap between premises and the conclusion. In other words, assumptions are those unstated facts that must be true for the conclusion to be true. The conclusion states that mosiacs were created by TRAVELING artisans, so you would have to assume that the RESIDENT artisans don't have knowledge of these non-resident species.

A. Stones are not relevant to the conclusion
B. This answer doesn't address how knowledge of species only got to Sepphoris from traveling artisans
C. Interesting answer choice, but it could support a traveling artisan conclusion or a common knowledgebase of species across all of Rome
D. This runs counter to the conclusion - if the species are known, then any artisan (not necessarily a traveling artisan) could have created the mosaics
E. This option states that there isn't a common knowledgebase of species, which supports the conclusion that only TRAVELING artisans (those who pick up knowledge of species as they travel throughout Rome) could have created the mosaics

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Re: GMATPrep CR #26 : need help/explanation [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2012, 05:21
E is correct because it states that the travelling artisans had no other knowledge other than what they know from their place.
This directly supports the conclusion.

Hope it helps!
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Re: Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered [#permalink]

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Conclusion --the mosaics of Sepphoris were very likely created by traveling artisans from some other part of the Roman empire.

If we negate E ---We get ---There was a common repertory of mosaic designs with which artisans who lived in various parts of the Roman empire were familiar.

So Sepphoris artist were also familar with how to make mosaic -- so conclusion that traveling artisians created mosaic falls apart.

Sepphoris artist if they knew how to make mosaic --- would have made them.

A. The Sepphoris mosaics are not composed exclusively of types of stones found naturally in teh Sepphoris area ---out of scope-- it does not talk abt who created
B. There is no single region to which all the species depicted in the Sepphoris mosaics are native --out of cope
C. No motifs appear in the Sepphoris mosaics that do not also appear in the mosaics of some other Roman city -out of scope
D. All of the animal figures in the Sepphoris mosiacs are readily identifiable as representation of known species ---out of scope
E. There was not a common repertory of mosaic designs with which artisans who lived in various parts of the Roman empire were familiar===correct
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Re: Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2013, 06:33
Can someone provide a detailed analysis on this question! Thanks.
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Re: Excavations of the Roman city of Sepphoris have uncovered   [#permalink] 13 Jul 2013, 06:33

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