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# Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the

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Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2005, 08:42
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Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's graduation requirements have been fulfilled.
(A) Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's graduation requirements have been fulfilled.
(B) Except for needing to take one class in history and one in biology, the student has fulfilled all of his requirements for graduation.
(C) The student has fulfilled all his graduation requirements except for one class in history and one in biology.
(D) Except for one history class and one biology class, the student has fulfilled all of his graduation requirements.
(E) Aside from the history class and biology class that he needs to take, the student's graduation requirements have all been fulfilled.

HIGHLIGHT BELOW FOR OA:
OA IS (D)

Can someone explain what "except" is grammatically? And how should it be used best in this sentence? Also what is wrong with (C)? Thanks.

Last edited by qhoc0010 on 09 Jan 2005, 17:08, edited 1 time in total.
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09 Jan 2005, 09:41
i don't think that the use of except is that big of a deal here, i think its just a particle used to stress exclusion. C is incorrect because it uses 'students' which is plural and then uses a singular verb - 'has'. if it was ''student's '' it would have been correct. answer D is correct because it uses correct tense and 'all of' instead of 'al'
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09 Jan 2005, 17:09
I am sorry. There is a typo in (C). There is no "s" after "student". That is why I don't know why (D) is better than (C).

(C) The student has fulfilled all his graduation requirements except for one class in history and one in biology.

What is wrong with (C)?
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09 Jan 2005, 21:27
thanks for editing the post. C sounds pretty good to me after you clarified that there student is singular. i am really perplexed as to what might be wrong with it.
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09 Jan 2005, 22:31
Are you sure question is typed correctly?. what is the source of this question?

except can be used as a preposition or conjunction
except for is the right idiom.

C looks ok to me. At the same time D is not wrong either.
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Praveen

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10 Jan 2005, 08:46
This is from Kaplan 800. There was something to do with the meaning of the sentence, but I don't understand the explaination from the book. There is no typo at this time.
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10 Jan 2005, 09:16
qhoc0010 wrote:
This is from Kaplan 800. There was something to do with the meaning of the sentence, but I don't understand the explaination from the book. There is no typo at this time.

I think the key word here is "class"

for the other choice to be corrected, the first part of the sentence should read " one class in history and another in biology". If you say one x and one", then the second one is not clear what that second one is. Clear????
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10 Jan 2005, 09:30
I picked C.
I don't anything wrong with it on the other hand I find "Requirements for Graduation" much better than "Graduation Requirements"
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10 Jan 2005, 09:45
'C' is missing the preposition 'of' it should be 'The student has fulfilled all of his graduation requirements'
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10 Jan 2005, 11:45
Isn't there a modifer problem with D?

Except for one history class and one biology class, the student has fulfilled all of his graduation requirements.

'Except for one history class and one biology class' is modifying 'student', which I think is wrong

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10 Jan 2005, 11:54
C and D are both right but D is definitely a better choice.

one class in history and one class in biology as used in option C, could have different meaning depending on how you read it wheres in D, one biology class and one history class aren't as ambigous as one class in biology and one class in history.

...in history? in biology? those aren't the best ways to describe subject areas.
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10 Jan 2005, 14:35
The perfect sentence could have read The student has fulfilled all of his graduation requirements except for one history class and one biology class.

But this is not so.

I always try to rearrange the question stem in order to try out different options. OK, since it is not given as above, and following same thoughts i share with patrickpui, the closest, for me is D, though it seems a silly construct. Surely, these folks can do better!
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10 Jan 2005, 21:55
Doesn't anyone else see the modifier problem that I am seeing with D?

Except for one history class and one biology class, the student has fulfilled all of his graduation requirements.

'Except for one history class and one biology class' is modifying 'student', which I think is wrong

Can somebody convince me otherwise?
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10 Jan 2005, 22:19
I just checked Kaplan800 and indeed don't find the explanation very convincing. I think each of C and D could be "improved".

D clearly has a modifier problem. Here, the history and biology classes are incorrectly modifying "the student". IMO, D would be better re-written as follows:

Except for one history class and one biology class, the graduation requirements were fulfilled by the student.

See the difference? The prepositional phrase before the comma now clearly modifiies the "graduation requirements"

As for C, the problem does not lie in "all of the requirements" vs "all the requirements". As a matter of fact, both can be used and through a google search, I found many universities (ie Darden) who used "fulfilled all the requirements" without the "of"; for GMAT purposes, the omission of "of" seems even more concise. C actually seems to be best although it could be less good for 2 minor reasons:
1- For aesthetic reasons and sentence flow, it seems better to start off an "except" sentence with the exception first. I'll give you two examples and you'll perhaps see after a quick glance.
ie Except for Richard, nobody understood
ie Nobody understood except for Richard
Usually, after "understood", we would except a complement to follow, not an "except" phrase.
2- Another minor reason could lie in the wordiness of saying "one class in history" which could be shortened to "one history class". We eliminated the preposition "in" to make it more concise.
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Best Regards,

Paul

10 Jan 2005, 22:19
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