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# Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack a

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Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2008, 15:53
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62% (02:07) correct 38% (01:05) wrong based on 399 sessions

Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than $100 billion a year. (A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of (B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business (C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of (D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business (E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business I got this wrong.... can you please post answers with explanations? [Reveal] Spoiler: OA If you have any questions you can ask an expert New! Intern Joined: 18 Oct 2005 Posts: 16 Location: NEW JERSEY Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0 Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack [#permalink] ### Show Tags 01 Jul 2008, 17:07 I go for B, which is concise and uses the modifiers properly. Manager Joined: 20 Mar 2008 Posts: 158 Location: USA Followers: 2 Kudos [?]: 50 [0], given: 0 Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack [#permalink] ### Show Tags 03 Jul 2008, 13:07 OA is B SVP Joined: 16 Jul 2009 Posts: 1535 Schools: CBS WE 1: 4 years (Consulting) Followers: 44 Kudos [?]: 1198 [0], given: 2 Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack [#permalink] ### Show Tags 17 Aug 2009, 13:25 2 This post was BOOKMARKED Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than$100 billion a year.

(A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of
(B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business
(C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of
(D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business
(E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business
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17 Aug 2009, 13:42

According to Manhattan Gmat Sc VAN pattern Adverb is preferred here, thats why Significantly is correct. So D/E is out of the equation.
I thought A and C are redundant so I guess it is B
Please correct me If I am wrong
Thank you
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17 Aug 2009, 13:50
IMO B.

significantly compounding is better than significant in compounding.
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17 Aug 2009, 13:52
skg wrote:

According to Manhattan Gmat Sc VAN pattern Adverb is preferred here, thats why Significantly is correct. So D/E is out of the equation.
I thought A and C are redundant so I guess it is B
Please correct me If I am wrong
Thank you

skg, What is "VAN pattern Adverb"?
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17 Aug 2009, 14:00
skg wrote:

According to Manhattan Gmat Sc VAN pattern Adverb is preferred here, thats why Significantly is correct. So D/E is out of the equation.
I thought A and C are redundant so I guess it is B
Please correct me If I am wrong
Thank you

Fantastic VAN application.

OA is B.
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17 Aug 2009, 14:03
There is a topic in Manhattan Gmat SC
First chapter: grammer, meaning and concision.
How to rank parts of speech. There are 6 patterns.
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17 Aug 2009, 14:15
skg wrote:
There is a topic in Manhattan Gmat SC
First chapter: grammer, meaning and concision.
How to rank parts of speech. There are 6 patterns.

I have Manhattan SC 3rd version. I don't remember anything like 6 patterns mentioned in that. Which version of Manhattan GMAT SC book do you use?
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19 Aug 2009, 04:02
Imo B significant is used wrongly in D and E .
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Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack a [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2009, 04:55
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Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than $100 billion a year. (A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of (B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business (C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of (D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business (E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business _________________ The greatest pleasure in life is doing what people say you cannot do... Director Joined: 20 Sep 2006 Posts: 658 Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 126 [1] , given: 7 Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack a [#permalink] ### Show Tags 16 Oct 2009, 06:25 1 This post received KUDOS Ayrish wrote: Hi everyone. I was working the 1000 sc through and found unclear for me question. Can u help me please. What is the subject for the second sentence? (which cost business....) 289. Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than$100 billion a year.

(A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of
(B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business
(C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of
(D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business
(E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business

I think it is a USE ...
however in B (the right answer the subject is plural, COST)

Tnank you for any help.

You need an adverbial modifier (significantly compounding) so cancel out choices D and E.
"which" is refering to plural subject - the effects of drug and alcohol abuse
In A: a cost to business of is weird and unidiomatic.
C again has a modifier issues.
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Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack a [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2010, 06:01
Ayrish wrote:
Hi everyone.
I was working the 1000 sc through and found unclear for me question. Can u help me please. What is the subject for the second sentence? (which cost business....)

289. Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than $100 billion a year. (A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of (B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business (C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of (D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business (E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business I think it is a USE ... however in B (the right answer the subject is plural, COST) Tnank you for any help. B is correct.... Explanation: D and E are out as you need an adverb for sure.... you need 'which' as the second clause is modify the first clause..... hence C is out.. between A and B.. cost would be preferred as a verb than a noun (currently in A) Also as asked by you the subject of the clause is 'the effects of drug and alcohol abuse' which is plural... and hence cost is perfect.... _________________ Cheers! JT........... If u like my post..... payback in Kudos!! |Do not post questions with OA|Please underline your SC questions while posting|Try posting the explanation along with your answer choice| |For CR refer Powerscore CR Bible|For SC refer Manhattan SC Guide| ~~Better Burn Out... Than Fade Away~~ Director Joined: 25 Aug 2007 Posts: 942 WE 1: 3.5 yrs IT WE 2: 2.5 yrs Retail chain Followers: 77 Kudos [?]: 1329 [2] , given: 40 Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack [#permalink] ### Show Tags 16 Apr 2010, 23:34 2 This post received KUDOS 2 This post was BOOKMARKED IMO B. Clues: 1. A is wrong as "which already are a cost to business of" is incorrect usage. 2. the effects of drug and alcohol abuse [plural] - COST is required. So, C and E out. 3. D is wrong because initial non-underlined part "the use....is growing" which indicates it requires an adverb to indicate the emphasis and also u can see ", and already costing business" part in the end which add another clause rather than a modified form. _________________ Want to improve your CR: http://gmatclub.com/forum/cr-methods-an-approach-to-find-the-best-answers-93146.html Tricky Quant problems: http://gmatclub.com/forum/50-tricky-questions-92834.html Important Grammer Fundamentals: http://gmatclub.com/forum/key-fundamentals-of-grammer-our-crucial-learnings-on-sc-93659.html Senior Manager Joined: 08 Nov 2008 Posts: 301 Followers: 4 Kudos [?]: 220 [0], given: 7 Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack [#permalink] ### Show Tags 20 Apr 2010, 03:19 Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than$100 billion a year.

(A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of
(B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business
(C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of
(D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business
(E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business

OA is B ..but what does Which stands for ??
Pls clarify !!
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22 Apr 2010, 01:03
but as per my understanding which modifies the noun immediately preceding the comma .In this case which modifes alcohol abuse .
Isnt ?
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22 Apr 2010, 05:34
tenaman10 wrote:
Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than $100 billion a year. (A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of (B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business (C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of (D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business (E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business OA is B ..but what does Which stands for ?? Pls clarify !! 'B' and 'D' are close. 'B' has more weightage due to 'which' . since the second clause 'already a cost'.. is dependent on first so needs a relative cluase 'which'. Which refers to 'the effects of drug nd alcohol abuse'.. hence 'B' in 'E' cost cannot be singular. Intern Joined: 16 Apr 2010 Posts: 47 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 74 [0], given: 0 Re: Which [#permalink] ### Show Tags 22 Apr 2010, 11:17 Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than$100 billion a year.
(A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of
(B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business
(C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of
(D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business
(E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business]

The rules that should be taken into consideration:

1. One subject can have two or more verbs, but two verbs are not separated comma.
Example:
I have done it and won it.
=> Choice E has made a mistake by using comma plus verb for the same subject.
2. "Comma plus verb+ing" will always modify the entire preceding clause that has a subject and a verb. What does D do? Nothing. It is absurd.
3. I have done the work, already with highest cost.
=> already with highest cost clearly modifies the work.
In the option C, does it make sense to say "the effects, already with business costs"?
4. "which already are a cost" is awkward. Besides, "are a cost" could be written as "are costs".

Hence, B is the best choice.
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22 Apr 2010, 11:36
tenaman10 wrote:
Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than \$100 billion a year.

(A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of
(B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business
(C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of
(D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business
(E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business

OA is B ..but what does Which stands for ??
Pls clarify !!

WHICH is user here for THE EFFECTS OF
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Re: Which   [#permalink] 22 Apr 2010, 11:36

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