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Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine

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Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2017, 11:02
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Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2017, 09:00
119. Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers,
significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of
more than $100 billion a year.

(A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of
(B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business
(C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of
(D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business
(E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business

while significantly is modifying the clause before comma,and which is refering to the alcohol abuse.The acohol abuse has caused the business to suffer a loss of 100 billion.

Option B correctly provides correct meaning and references and is the correct answer.

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Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2017, 08:55
119. Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers,
significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of
more than $100 billion a year.

(A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of
a cost to business of ?
wrong.

(B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business
Clear meaning and proper modifiers.
(C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of
already with business costs of- wrong construction.

(D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business
wrong construction.

(E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business
wrong construction.
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Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2017, 03:26
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Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than $100 billion a year.

a) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of

b) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business

c) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of

d) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business

e) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business
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Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2017, 03:39
1. The clause after comma is not independent. So D and E are out
2. The abuse cost the business. So C is out
3. Between A and B, B is more clear.

Hence B

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Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2017, 06:19
Option B is the best among the answer choices.

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Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2017, 19:01
Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than $100 billion a year.

(A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of

Meaning error : 'Drug & alcohol abuse are a cost to business of more than $100 billion a year'
'of' phrase incorrectly modifies business & changes meaning.

(B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business

Correct : drug and alcohol abuse cost business some X amount

(C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of

Incorrect

(D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business

"Significant" adjective can not modify verb 'the use' : incorrect


(E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business

"Significant" adjective can not modify verb 'the use' : incorrect

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Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2017, 01:23
ykaiim wrote:
IMO B.

Clues:
1. A is wrong as "which already are a cost to business of" is incorrect usage.
2. the effects of drug and alcohol abuse [plural] - COST is required. So, C and E out.
3. D is wrong because initial non-underlined part "the use....is growing" which indicates it requires an adverb to indicate the emphasis and also u can see ", and already costing business" part in the end which add another clause rather than a modified form.


But in C, "costs" is noun and not verb. So, it is not wrong because of that. Instead, it is incorrect because C does not tell us that "the use of crack and cocaine" adds to the cost.

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Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2017, 03:21

Very Important To Understand



"..xyz is growing among workers, significantly compounding the effects of .."
Here, the Modifier is the underlined part i.e. the entire clause - "significantly compounding the effects of".
This Modifier is modifying the clause before comma.
The word - "significantly" is Only modifying the clause "compounding the effects of..".



"..xyz is growing among workers, significant in compounding the effects of .."
Here, the Modifier is the underlined part i.e. the word - "significant".
This Modifier is modifying the noun preceding it, NOT the entire clause before comma.
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Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine   [#permalink] 26 Sep 2017, 03:21

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