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Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably

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21 Oct 2010, 10:29
if GMATCLUB labels questions like these are "special" ones then i really doubt the credibility....
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22 Oct 2010, 21:31
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year. This is the conclusion, not the assumption
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.IF the quality of the US woodpupl is not adequate, no one will buy even if the prices are lowered as this wood pulp would be of no use to them.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor. To me this one also means the same as the (B) options. it means that the quality of the wood pulp from US is good and they wold prefer to buy it if the cost is not the factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year. Out of scope
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

To me both B and C mean the same. I will prefer to go with B coz it directly indicate the issue ie the quality is the only issue which can stop the manufacturers to buy it.
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23 Oct 2010, 06:04
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punzo wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year. This is the conclusion, not the assumption
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.IF the quality of the US woodpupl is not adequate, no one will buy even if the prices are lowered as this wood pulp would be of no use to them.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor. To me this one also means the same as the (B) options. it means that the quality of the wood pulp from US is good and they wold prefer to buy it if the cost is not the factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year. Out of scope
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

To me both B and C mean the same. I will prefer to go with B coz it directly indicate the issue ie the quality is the only issue which can stop the manufacturers to buy it.

We all know that if quality is not good, people would not buy the product; but this is nowhere mentioned in the para. This is external information. Infact, the entire concept of quality is out of scope so far as this question is concerned. IMHO.
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24 Oct 2010, 02:27
B
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24 Oct 2010, 04:48
Got confused between B and C.Finally took the wrong one.
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02 Nov 2010, 23:47
If B is the right answer, then the evidence that the dollar rate is going to decrease of no use.

The author says, since the dollar rate is decreasing, the sales may increase in US. There is a relation between dollar rate and the sales.

C gives the above point.
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12 Dec 2010, 20:17
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I will go by B

It was either B or C ,

But C fails - as suppose If quality is not adequte for Japan and Europe and cost falls, so do Manufacturers will buy Wood pulp from US.
(Negating the assumption)
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13 Dec 2010, 08:30
B it is
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24 Oct 2011, 23:23
Whats the source of this question?
I do not understand why B should be a right answer. The conclusion of the argument says that exports will "rise" (not start), which means that the Japanese manufacturers still buy the wood pulp from US. That is the quality of the pulp may already be adequate for these buyers. The premise says that if dollar value goes down, then these manufacturers will start buying more. The writer of the this argument definitely assumes that money plays a big role in these exports.
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25 Oct 2011, 00:16
+1 B
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25 Oct 2011, 10:32
I picked B...without it the conclusion falls apart.
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25 Oct 2011, 10:36
tssambi wrote:
Whats the source of this question?
I do not understand why B should be a right answer. The conclusion of the argument says that exports will "rise" (not start), which means that the Japanese manufacturers still buy the wood pulp from US. That is the quality of the pulp may already be adequate for these buyers. The premise says that if dollar value goes down, then these manufacturers will start buying more. The writer of the this argument definitely assumes that money plays a big role in these exports.

tssambi:

The fact that exports will rise does not mean that the Japanese manufacturers were already buying the product. It means that they will start to buy it now that is cheaper than any other source. Therefore we must assume that the quality of US wood pulp is suitable for Japanese manufacturers.
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Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2012, 06:36
My bad, thought it would be E
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Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2012, 07:08
Experts please explain why C is incorrect
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Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2012, 06:03
Exactly. Why C is incorrect.
The concept of quality is totally out of scope. If B were correct, then the value of dollar thing becomes useless. As far as I know, our line of reasoning should stick to the question stem and it does very well here.
I bet its C.
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Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2012, 06:13
My line of reasoning is --->
A few days ago, Indian government was supposed to choose among several fighter jets, in order to buy 126 multi role fighter jets. To everybody's information, they were Sukhoi 35, Dassault Raphael, Eurofighter, F-18 and one more was there. They were adequate in terms of quality that could perhaps suffice IAF. Now the defence ministry chose Raphael, just because it was a bit cheaper but comparable to others in terms of quality.
I gave this example just to explain if B were true, then we have to assume Japanese have some moral obligation towards American would pulp.
That's it.
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Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2012, 00:26
B. Funny thing is that I work in the pulp industry too lol
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Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2012, 01:18
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.

I think C just a restatement of the conclusion that paper manu will prefer American pulp, if cost is not a factor. But for any assumption to be true it should be an unstated premise.

B is not stated in the argument. I agree to fact that B and C are contenders but we have to select best.

Another point whenever we go to buy some product we check the price and quality of the product.Price factor is described in the argument but quality isn't.

B is a fact and facts aren't debatable, Moreover One wont buy a product howsoever cheap it is, if the price is less but the quality is poor.
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Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2013, 23:29
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

The argument is like this. Oh my gosh, the MAC collection has gone cheaper. Thus, sales of MAC products will rise. Why? Because my girls would buy them. Hmm. Perhaps, these girls don't like MAC. My girls may be allergic to it. CHEAPER DOESN'T MEAN A PRODUCT IS COMPLETELY SOLD OUT TO A BUYER.

Negate (B) - The quality of the wood pulp produced in the US would not be sufficient for the purpose of Japs. THen no sale will materialize from Jap's end...

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Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2013, 01:24
(B) is the correct answer, and there is in fact no uncertainty about it. I’ll try to explain why.

First of all, it is really important to realize that for most assumption questions (not all), there are many assumptions, not one. That is, there are many different additional pieces of information that are needed in order to really prove the conclusion, but that were left out of the argument. This question is definitely of that type. Here are a few of the things that are not mentioned, but that have to be true (that is, the assumptions) in order to prove the conclusion:

- American paper manufacturers won’t buy so much of the American wood pulp that there is not much left for export.
- Japanese and European manufacturers are not ALREADY buying as much American wood pulp as the US can export.
- There is no characteristic or limitation of American wood pulp that would prevent Japanese and European manufacturers from using it, even though it would cost them less if they did. (Note that answer choice (B) is part of this one.)

In this kind of assumption question, the correct answer is one of the things that NEEDS to be true in order to prove the conclusion - but this answer is not ENOUGH BY ITSELF to prove the conclusion. In LSAT language, the correct answer is necessary in order for the conclusion to be true, but not sufficient.

So although it is true that (B) does not prove the conclusion, that doesn’t make it the wrong answer. (B) does have to be true in order to allow the conclusion to be even possible, and that makes it a necessary assumption, and therefore the right answer. Because we are looking for a necessary assumption, the “denial test” works for this question, as several people have already pointed out. The denial test works by contradicting the answer choice, and then seeing whether the CONTRADICTED version makes the conclusion impossible. If the contradicted answer choice makes the conclusion impossible, then the UNcontradicted answer choice must have been necessary in order to allow the conclusion. Thus, the uncontradicted answer choice must have been a necessary assumption.

The other choices are not necessary in order to allow the conclusion to be true:

A: They do not have to produce more paper in order to make American pulp exports go up. They could produce the same amount, but buy a lot more American pulp and a lot less of other countries’ pulp to do it.

C: They don’t have to prefer American pulp at an EQUAL price (or ignoring price) in order to make American pulp exports go up. We know from the evidence that American pulp will be really cheap. In order to make the exports go up, they only need to be willing to buy it AT THIS REALLY CHEAP PRICE.

D: I don’t think this one fooled anybody. It would be a reason NOT to buy more pulp from anyone, American or otherwise.

E: Production of American wood pulp does NOT have to stay at its present level in order to make exports go up. In fact, if the US is not able to increase its production of wood pulp, that might PREVENT wood pulp exports from going up. This one (like choice D) actually hurts the argument rather than helping it. The moral of this story is – every time you see the word “not”, make sure you know which way the statement is going.
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Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably   [#permalink] 20 Jan 2013, 01:24

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