GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 19 Oct 2018, 21:51

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 15 Mar 2009
Posts: 25
Location: India

### Show Tags

22 Oct 2010, 21:31
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year. This is the conclusion, not the assumption
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.IF the quality of the US woodpupl is not adequate, no one will buy even if the prices are lowered as this wood pulp would be of no use to them.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor. To me this one also means the same as the (B) options. it means that the quality of the wood pulp from US is good and they wold prefer to buy it if the cost is not the factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year. Out of scope
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

To me both B and C mean the same. I will prefer to go with B coz it directly indicate the issue ie the quality is the only issue which can stop the manufacturers to buy it.
Manager
Status: I rest, I rust.
Joined: 04 Oct 2010
Posts: 102
Schools: ISB - Co 2013
WE 1: IT Professional since 2006

### Show Tags

23 Oct 2010, 06:04
1
punzo wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year. This is the conclusion, not the assumption
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.IF the quality of the US woodpupl is not adequate, no one will buy even if the prices are lowered as this wood pulp would be of no use to them.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor. To me this one also means the same as the (B) options. it means that the quality of the wood pulp from US is good and they wold prefer to buy it if the cost is not the factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year. Out of scope
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

To me both B and C mean the same. I will prefer to go with B coz it directly indicate the issue ie the quality is the only issue which can stop the manufacturers to buy it.

We all know that if quality is not good, people would not buy the product; but this is nowhere mentioned in the para. This is external information. Infact, the entire concept of quality is out of scope so far as this question is concerned. IMHO.
_________________

Respect,
Vaibhav

PS: Correct me if I am wrong.

Manager
Joined: 08 Sep 2010
Posts: 181
Location: India
WE 1: 6 Year, Telecom(GSM)

### Show Tags

24 Oct 2010, 04:48
Got confused between B and C.Finally took the wrong one.
Intern
Joined: 24 Aug 2010
Posts: 1

### Show Tags

02 Nov 2010, 23:47
If B is the right answer, then the evidence that the dollar rate is going to decrease of no use.

The author says, since the dollar rate is decreasing, the sales may increase in US. There is a relation between dollar rate and the sales.

C gives the above point.
Manager
Joined: 31 May 2010
Posts: 71

### Show Tags

12 Dec 2010, 20:17
1
I will go by B

It was either B or C ,

But C fails - as suppose If quality is not adequte for Japan and Europe and cost falls, so do Manufacturers will buy Wood pulp from US.
(Negating the assumption)
_________________

Kudos if any of my post helps you !!!

Intern
Status: Preparing again for second attempt....
Joined: 11 Dec 2010
Posts: 19
WE 1: 6 years

### Show Tags

24 Oct 2011, 23:23
Whats the source of this question?
I do not understand why B should be a right answer. The conclusion of the argument says that exports will "rise" (not start), which means that the Japanese manufacturers still buy the wood pulp from US. That is the quality of the pulp may already be adequate for these buyers. The premise says that if dollar value goes down, then these manufacturers will start buying more. The writer of the this argument definitely assumes that money plays a big role in these exports.
Manager
Status: MBAing!!!!
Joined: 24 Jun 2011
Posts: 229
Location: United States (FL)
Concentration: Finance, Real Estate
GPA: 3.65
WE: Project Management (Real Estate)

### Show Tags

25 Oct 2011, 10:32
I picked B...without it the conclusion falls apart.
Manager
Status: MBAing!!!!
Joined: 24 Jun 2011
Posts: 229
Location: United States (FL)
Concentration: Finance, Real Estate
GPA: 3.65
WE: Project Management (Real Estate)

### Show Tags

25 Oct 2011, 10:36
tssambi wrote:
Whats the source of this question?
I do not understand why B should be a right answer. The conclusion of the argument says that exports will "rise" (not start), which means that the Japanese manufacturers still buy the wood pulp from US. That is the quality of the pulp may already be adequate for these buyers. The premise says that if dollar value goes down, then these manufacturers will start buying more. The writer of the this argument definitely assumes that money plays a big role in these exports.

tssambi:

The fact that exports will rise does not mean that the Japanese manufacturers were already buying the product. It means that they will start to buy it now that is cheaper than any other source. Therefore we must assume that the quality of US wood pulp is suitable for Japanese manufacturers.
Intern
Joined: 07 Jun 2010
Posts: 9
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Oct 2012, 07:08
Experts please explain why C is incorrect
VP
Status: Been a long time guys...
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1169
Location: United States (NY)
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Oct 2012, 06:03
Exactly. Why C is incorrect.
The concept of quality is totally out of scope. If B were correct, then the value of dollar thing becomes useless. As far as I know, our line of reasoning should stick to the question stem and it does very well here.
I bet its C.
_________________
VP
Status: Been a long time guys...
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1169
Location: United States (NY)
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Oct 2012, 06:13
My line of reasoning is --->
A few days ago, Indian government was supposed to choose among several fighter jets, in order to buy 126 multi role fighter jets. To everybody's information, they were Sukhoi 35, Dassault Raphael, Eurofighter, F-18 and one more was there. They were adequate in terms of quality that could perhaps suffice IAF. Now the defence ministry chose Raphael, just because it was a bit cheaper but comparable to others in terms of quality.
I gave this example just to explain if B were true, then we have to assume Japanese have some moral obligation towards American would pulp.
That's it.
_________________
Current Student
Joined: 25 May 2010
Posts: 45
Location: Taiwan
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
GPA: 3.59
WE: Supply Chain Management (Manufacturing)
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Nov 2012, 00:26
B. Funny thing is that I work in the pulp industry too lol
Director
Status: Final Lap Up!!!
Affiliations: NYK Line
Joined: 21 Sep 2012
Posts: 957
Location: India
GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11
GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20
GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31
GPA: 3.84
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Nov 2012, 01:18
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.

I think C just a restatement of the conclusion that paper manu will prefer American pulp, if cost is not a factor. But for any assumption to be true it should be an unstated premise.

B is not stated in the argument. I agree to fact that B and C are contenders but we have to select best.

Another point whenever we go to buy some product we check the price and quality of the product.Price factor is described in the argument but quality isn't.

B is a fact and facts aren't debatable, Moreover One wont buy a product howsoever cheap it is, if the price is less but the quality is poor.
Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Aug 2012
Posts: 431
Concentration: Marketing, Finance
GPA: 3.23
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jan 2013, 23:29
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

The argument is like this. Oh my gosh, the MAC collection has gone cheaper. Thus, sales of MAC products will rise. Why? Because my girls would buy them. Hmm. Perhaps, these girls don't like MAC. My girls may be allergic to it. CHEAPER DOESN'T MEAN A PRODUCT IS COMPLETELY SOLD OUT TO A BUYER.

Negate (B) - The quality of the wood pulp produced in the US would not be sufficient for the purpose of Japs. THen no sale will materialize from Jap's end...

_________________

Impossible is nothing to God.

Manager
Joined: 26 Oct 2008
Posts: 102
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Jan 2013, 01:24
(B) is the correct answer, and there is in fact no uncertainty about it. I’ll try to explain why.

First of all, it is really important to realize that for most assumption questions (not all), there are many assumptions, not one. That is, there are many different additional pieces of information that are needed in order to really prove the conclusion, but that were left out of the argument. This question is definitely of that type. Here are a few of the things that are not mentioned, but that have to be true (that is, the assumptions) in order to prove the conclusion:

- American paper manufacturers won’t buy so much of the American wood pulp that there is not much left for export.
- Japanese and European manufacturers are not ALREADY buying as much American wood pulp as the US can export.
- There is no characteristic or limitation of American wood pulp that would prevent Japanese and European manufacturers from using it, even though it would cost them less if they did. (Note that answer choice (B) is part of this one.)

In this kind of assumption question, the correct answer is one of the things that NEEDS to be true in order to prove the conclusion - but this answer is not ENOUGH BY ITSELF to prove the conclusion. In LSAT language, the correct answer is necessary in order for the conclusion to be true, but not sufficient.

The other choices are not necessary in order to allow the conclusion to be true:

A: They do not have to produce more paper in order to make American pulp exports go up. They could produce the same amount, but buy a lot more American pulp and a lot less of other countries’ pulp to do it.

C: They don’t have to prefer American pulp at an EQUAL price (or ignoring price) in order to make American pulp exports go up. We know from the evidence that American pulp will be really cheap. In order to make the exports go up, they only need to be willing to buy it AT THIS REALLY CHEAP PRICE.

D: I don’t think this one fooled anybody. It would be a reason NOT to buy more pulp from anyone, American or otherwise.

E: Production of American wood pulp does NOT have to stay at its present level in order to make exports go up. In fact, if the US is not able to increase its production of wood pulp, that might PREVENT wood pulp exports from going up. This one (like choice D) actually hurts the argument rather than helping it. The moral of this story is – every time you see the word “not”, make sure you know which way the statement is going.
_________________

Grumpy

Kaplan Canada LSAT/GMAT/GRE teacher and tutor

MBA Section Director
Status: Back to work...
Affiliations: GMAT Club
Joined: 22 Feb 2012
Posts: 5682
Location: India
City: Pune
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V34
GPA: 3.4
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Jan 2013, 00:45

A) Not Relevant

B) Demand will be increased if the price falls and it is usable for the japanese …. Manufacturers. Correct.

C) This choice attributes the quality of wood pulp to the demand generated for it. However it is difficult to find support for this from the passage. So incorrect

D) Incorrect. When the demand doesn't increase if it remained same then the conclusion might hold true but if it drcreased then conclusion would be weakened.

E)Not relevant
_________________
Intern
Joined: 12 Dec 2012
Posts: 32
GMAT 2: 660 Q48 V33
GMAT 3: 740 Q49 V41
GPA: 3.74
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Oct 2013, 05:41
Conclusion: Author claims that the export of US wood pulp will increase a lot during the current year.
Premise: Falling value of dollar will make US pulp cheaper than pulp from anywhere else

Find the assumption - i.e. some NEW information that MUST be true for the conclusion to be true.

Pre-think assumptions - what HAS to be true? Some thoughts: 1. the dollar must fall quick enough for results to yield quickly 2. there must be demand from western and jap producers 3. there must be free capacity in their paper mills 4. is it the right grade of paper

A. Relevant, but doesn't HAVE TO BE true. i.e. Jap and Western European manufacturers could just replace their existing suppliers and produce no more OR they can buy and store - this does not have to be true for the conclusion to be true
B. CORRECT -> if paper quality is NOT adequate, why would importers buy (negation breaks down the argument - i.e. it must be a valid assumption)
C. Relevant, but doesn't HAVE TO BE true. Sure this statement can support the conclusion. However, it doesnt have to be true for the conclusion to be true. Even if other factors were not attractive, importers could buy raw material PURELY on cost
D. Demand doesn't have to increase. It just needs to exist. See point for A. Also if you negate this statement it STRENGTHENS the conclusion. For it to be an assumption, the negation must lead to the destruction of the conclusion
E. Again, production need not increase. Even if production remained steady, exports may rise.
Intern
Joined: 15 Sep 2013
Posts: 35
Concentration: Strategy, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 680 Q47 V36
GMAT 2: 740 Q50 V40
GPA: 3.65
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Oct 2013, 13:02
I would choose B over C because if B isn't true, then no matter how cheap it would be to buy wood pulp from US if it is not of considerable quality, the manufactures from Japan and Europe won't buy the pulp.
_________________

Please +1 KUDOS if my post helped you in any way

Manager
Status: Persevering
Joined: 15 May 2013
Posts: 174
Location: India
GMAT Date: 08-02-2013
GPA: 3.7
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Oct 2013, 11:17
B,

C is kind of out of scope. We are told this scenario would happen due to falling value of dollar, So why should we even consider a case where cost is not a factor. It is "the" factor.

--
_________________

--It's one thing to get defeated, but another to accept it.

Intern
Joined: 20 Nov 2011
Posts: 38
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Nov 2013, 07:24
It is nice to see various CR questions but I just want to take an attention about low quality questions such as this one. These questions just throw you in the wrong-path of thinking. Solving an official problem over and over again still has an advantage over solving unknown and debatable such as this one. Do not bother if you missed
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably &nbs [#permalink] 26 Nov 2013, 07:24

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3    Next  [ 50 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by