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# Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably

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Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Mar 2008
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Location: Washington DC
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2008, 19:06
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25
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Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

48% (01:44) correct 52% (01:52) wrong based on 2135 sessions

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Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

I am not convinced with OA for this question..
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Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably  [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2013, 00:48
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2
marshpa wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

I am not convinced with OA for this question..

Responding to a pm:
Why not (C)? Because (C) is a sufficient condition for the conclusion to be true while (B) is a necessary condition for the conclusion to be true. An assumption is a necessary premise for the conclusion so (B) is the correct option.

To elaborate:

Premises:
- Dollar is falling.
- It will be cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Conclusion:
- Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year.

The conclusion is linking 'Sale of pulp' to 'Cost of pulp'. It says since the cost will be lower, it will sell. We are assuming here that the American pulp is adequate in all other qualities that you look for while buying. Or that lower cost is all that matters while buying something.

Option (B) says that the quality is adequate and hence is an assumption. Notice that it is necessary for our conclusion. If the quality is not adequate, no matter what the cost, US pulp sale may not increase.

Option (C) says that Japanese and Europeans prefer to use US pulp if cost does not matter. Do we NEED this to be true? No. It is good if it is true because it means that if cost of US pulp goes down, US pulp will sell more (hence, it is sufficient for the conclusion to be true - assuming all else stays constant). But do we NEED them to prefer US pulp? No. It is not necessary for our conclusion to be true.

Beware of this difference between 'necessary' and 'sufficient' conditions. Remember that assumptions are NECESSARY conditions, they don't need to be sufficient. We end up incorrectly choosing sufficient because they cover a wider range. If sufficient is true, then conclusion has to be true. But mind you, that is not the question. THe question is looking for a necessary condition, not for a sufficient condition.

Check out another question on the same logic:
since-mayor-drabble-always-repays-her-political-debts-as-98398.html?hilit=assumption%20necessary%20sufficient

and watch out for my this week's post. I will discuss this on my blog Quarter Wit Quarter Wisdom.
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Joined: 15 Aug 2007
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25 Aug 2008, 19:36
11
1
marshpa wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.
Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?
(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

I am not convinced with OA for this question..

If I can guess well you had selected C !!!!
B and C are close calls.
There a few ways to attack assumption questions. The easiest way is to try negetion. But while doing so do not pull in extra infos.

-B = The quality would NOT be adequate.
-C = Manufacturers would NOT preffer .

In -C even if they don't preffer , they can still do so.

When ever there is a confusion with a choice leave it, if u have a better one in hand.

##### General Discussion
Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Mar 2008
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22 Aug 2008, 19:18
Yes thats the OA but could you please provide reasons?
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Apr 2008
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24 Aug 2008, 00:33
1
marshpa wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.
Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?
(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

I am not convinced with OA for this question..

A) -> Out of place
B) -> Yes, can be assumption. If quality of wood is not adequate then no matter what the price it will not be bought
C) -> From para it is clear that decrease in cost only increases the export. However this is not assumption.
D) -> Out of place
E) -> Out of place

IMO B)
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25 Aug 2008, 21:55
2
wood pulp export will rise because the cheaper dollar will make it easier to buy for manufacturers in Japan and western Europe to buy from US than from other soruces.

Assumption behind it should be that the Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.

Thus "C"
Senior Manager
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26 Aug 2008, 00:52
2
But cost is a factor. Europe and Japan buys American product because it is cheaper. The quality of the wood must be adequate for Europe and Japan to buy the American’s wood. So, this is an assumption.
Intern
Joined: 13 Aug 2008
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27 Aug 2008, 04:14
I think cost should be deciding factor for the option.
Intern
Joined: 26 Aug 2008
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27 Aug 2008, 19:18
Clearly B.

If B was false, the conclusion does not work.
Senior Manager
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29 Aug 2008, 18:11
5
huntgmat wrote:
marshpa wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.
Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?
(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

I am not convinced with OA for this question..

If I can guess well you had selected C !!!!
B and C are close calls.
There a few ways to attack assumption questions. The easiest way is to try negetion. But while doing so do not pull in extra infos.

-B = The quality would NOT be adequate.
-C = Manufacturers would NOT preffer .

In -C even if they don't preffer , they can still do so.

When ever there is a confusion with a choice leave it, if u have a better one in hand.

Awsome!! I wanted to give you +1 kudos but looks now we cant give and take kudos.. Why they eliminated kudos??
Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2007
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01 Sep 2008, 21:25
3
Thnks buddy.
Even I was surprised to find kudos gone.
What I heard is that some sort of site maintenance is on , so kudos are gone temporarily.
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01 Sep 2008, 21:38
1
IMO B.

C is in the lines of the premise stated in the argument , where as B is a clear assumption.
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20 Oct 2010, 06:09
1

Conclusion of the Premises is :: "Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year."

Now we have to look into the option which will increase exports of United states as per the question.

Our options are

A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year. => This will not increase export of unite state
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers. => Since the quality of wood pul of US is good so Countries Japan and western europe will take wood from US rather than from other source and they will also consider dollar value which is less now.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor. => This is not an assumption. Look like Inference.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year. => will not affect US export.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year. => This is not an assumption.
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20 Oct 2010, 07:40
A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year ...this is increase in exports hence increase in demand.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers - "quality" is a new element introduced. trap IMO.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor - because of cost the countries are buying.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year. - this is a stretch
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year -production is actually increasing because of decrease in dollar value.

IMO A
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20 Oct 2010, 10:45
amma4u wrote:
A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year ...this is increase in exports hence increase in demand.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers - "quality" is a new element introduced. trap IMO.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor - because of cost the countries are buying.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year. - this is a stretch
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year -production is actually increasing because of decrease in dollar value.

IMO A

Infact A could be a conclusion of the paragraph, but not assumption. Since paper product factories in Japan and Western Europe import more paper (because of whatever reason) hence more output.

The assumption, in my opinion, is C which says that "Japan and Europe would prefer American paper pulp if it was not so expensive". Negate it and we get something like "Japan and Europe would NOT prefer American paper pulp even if it was cheap" which makes the para crash.

My 2 cents.
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PS: Correct me if I am wrong.

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20 Oct 2010, 23:09
I think the answer is C. And here is why:

Firstly quality is not something that is talked about anywhere in the argument. They talk of exports that will rise in the coming year owed to a decrease in costs.

The point about exports that will rise would only stand if Japanese and WE manufacturers already had a desire to purchase this pulp. And so far there is only one reason preventing that. Cost. Or at least that is the assumption.

Can someone explain if there is a flaw in this and why?
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petrifiedbutstanding

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21 Oct 2010, 03:50
I assume the answer is B, but the question is really confusing. No, I'd say answer choices.
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21 Oct 2010, 07:11
Looks B wins...let me know if not
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21 Oct 2010, 09:51
So is this what 700+ question looks like?

No, but seriously, is it?
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21 Oct 2010, 10:29
if GMATCLUB labels questions like these are "special" ones then i really doubt the credibility....
Re: CR-Wood pulp. &nbs [#permalink] 21 Oct 2010, 10:29

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