Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 30 May 2017, 03:51

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Mar 2008
Posts: 318
Location: Washington DC
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 80 [5] , given: 4

Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Aug 2008, 19:06
5
KUDOS
21
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

46% (02:20) correct 54% (01:21) wrong based on 2097 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

I am not convinced with OA for this question..
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2007
Posts: 288
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 102 [10] , given: 0

### Show Tags

25 Aug 2008, 19:36
10
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
marshpa wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.
Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?
(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

I am not convinced with OA for this question..

If I can guess well you had selected C !!!!
B and C are close calls.
There a few ways to attack assumption questions. The easiest way is to try negetion. But while doing so do not pull in extra infos.

-B = The quality would NOT be adequate.
-C = Manufacturers would NOT preffer .

In -C even if they don't preffer , they can still do so.

When ever there is a confusion with a choice leave it, if u have a better one in hand.

Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Mar 2008
Posts: 318
Location: Washington DC
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 80 [5] , given: 4

### Show Tags

29 Aug 2008, 18:11
5
KUDOS
huntgmat wrote:
marshpa wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.
Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?
(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

I am not convinced with OA for this question..

If I can guess well you had selected C !!!!
B and C are close calls.
There a few ways to attack assumption questions. The easiest way is to try negetion. But while doing so do not pull in extra infos.

-B = The quality would NOT be adequate.
-C = Manufacturers would NOT preffer .

In -C even if they don't preffer , they can still do so.

When ever there is a confusion with a choice leave it, if u have a better one in hand.

Awsome!! I wanted to give you +1 kudos but looks now we cant give and take kudos.. Why they eliminated kudos??
Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2007
Posts: 288
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 102 [3] , given: 0

### Show Tags

01 Sep 2008, 21:25
3
KUDOS
Thnks buddy.
Even I was surprised to find kudos gone.
What I heard is that some sort of site maintenance is on , so kudos are gone temporarily.
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 7382
Location: Pune, India
Followers: 2293

Kudos [?]: 15173 [3] , given: 224

Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Apr 2013, 00:48
3
KUDOS
Expert's post
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
marshpa wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

I am not convinced with OA for this question..

Responding to a pm:
Why not (C)? Because (C) is a sufficient condition for the conclusion to be true while (B) is a necessary condition for the conclusion to be true. An assumption is a necessary premise for the conclusion so (B) is the correct option.

To elaborate:

Premises:
- Dollar is falling.
- It will be cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Conclusion:
- Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year.

The conclusion is linking 'Sale of pulp' to 'Cost of pulp'. It says since the cost will be lower, it will sell. We are assuming here that the American pulp is adequate in all other qualities that you look for while buying. Or that lower cost is all that matters while buying something.

Option (B) says that the quality is adequate and hence is an assumption. Notice that it is necessary for our conclusion. If the quality is not adequate, no matter what the cost, US pulp sale may not increase.

Option (C) says that Japanese and Europeans prefer to use US pulp if cost does not matter. Do we NEED this to be true? No. It is good if it is true because it means that if cost of US pulp goes down, US pulp will sell more (hence, it is sufficient for the conclusion to be true - assuming all else stays constant). But do we NEED them to prefer US pulp? No. It is not necessary for our conclusion to be true.

Beware of this difference between 'necessary' and 'sufficient' conditions. Remember that assumptions are NECESSARY conditions, they don't need to be sufficient. We end up incorrectly choosing sufficient because they cover a wider range. If sufficient is true, then conclusion has to be true. But mind you, that is not the question. THe question is looking for a necessary condition, not for a sufficient condition.

Check out another question on the same logic:
since-mayor-drabble-always-repays-her-political-debts-as-98398.html?hilit=assumption%20necessary%20sufficient

and watch out for my this week's post. I will discuss this on my blog Quarter Wit Quarter Wisdom.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for \$199

Veritas Prep Reviews

Senior Manager
Joined: 14 Mar 2007
Posts: 302
Location: Hungary
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 27 [2] , given: 3

### Show Tags

26 Aug 2008, 00:52
2
KUDOS
But cost is a factor. Europe and Japan buys American product because it is cheaper. The quality of the wood must be adequate for Europe and Japan to buy the American’s wood. So, this is an assumption.
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Apr 2008
Posts: 437
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 155 [1] , given: 1

### Show Tags

24 Aug 2008, 00:33
1
KUDOS
marshpa wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.
Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?
(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

I am not convinced with OA for this question..

A) -> Out of place
B) -> Yes, can be assumption. If quality of wood is not adequate then no matter what the price it will not be bought
C) -> From para it is clear that decrease in cost only increases the export. However this is not assumption.
D) -> Out of place
E) -> Out of place

IMO B)
Director
Joined: 03 Sep 2006
Posts: 873
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 896 [1] , given: 33

### Show Tags

25 Aug 2008, 21:55
1
KUDOS
wood pulp export will rise because the cheaper dollar will make it easier to buy for manufacturers in Japan and western Europe to buy from US than from other soruces.

Assumption behind it should be that the Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.

Thus "C"
Manager
Joined: 09 Jul 2007
Posts: 243
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 240 [1] , given: 0

### Show Tags

01 Sep 2008, 21:38
1
KUDOS
IMO B.

C is in the lines of the premise stated in the argument , where as B is a clear assumption.
Intern
Joined: 28 Jul 2010
Posts: 9
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [1] , given: 1

### Show Tags

20 Oct 2010, 06:09
1
KUDOS

Conclusion of the Premises is :: "Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year."

Now we have to look into the option which will increase exports of United states as per the question.

Our options are

A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year. => This will not increase export of unite state
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers. => Since the quality of wood pul of US is good so Countries Japan and western europe will take wood from US rather than from other source and they will also consider dollar value which is less now.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor. => This is not an assumption. Look like Inference.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year. => will not affect US export.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year. => This is not an assumption.
Manager
Status: I rest, I rust.
Joined: 04 Oct 2010
Posts: 122
Schools: ISB - Co 2013
WE 1: IT Professional since 2006
Followers: 17

Kudos [?]: 121 [1] , given: 9

### Show Tags

23 Oct 2010, 06:04
1
KUDOS
punzo wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year. This is the conclusion, not the assumption
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.IF the quality of the US woodpupl is not adequate, no one will buy even if the prices are lowered as this wood pulp would be of no use to them.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor. To me this one also means the same as the (B) options. it means that the quality of the wood pulp from US is good and they wold prefer to buy it if the cost is not the factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year. Out of scope
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

To me both B and C mean the same. I will prefer to go with B coz it directly indicate the issue ie the quality is the only issue which can stop the manufacturers to buy it.

We all know that if quality is not good, people would not buy the product; but this is nowhere mentioned in the para. This is external information. Infact, the entire concept of quality is out of scope so far as this question is concerned. IMHO.
_________________

Respect,
Vaibhav

PS: Correct me if I am wrong.

Manager
Joined: 31 May 2010
Posts: 96
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 37 [1] , given: 25

### Show Tags

12 Dec 2010, 20:17
1
KUDOS
I will go by B

It was either B or C ,

But C fails - as suppose If quality is not adequte for Japan and Europe and cost falls, so do Manufacturers will buy Wood pulp from US.
(Negating the assumption)
_________________

Kudos if any of my post helps you !!!

Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Jul 2008
Posts: 296
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 49 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

22 Aug 2008, 19:14
is the OA B ?
Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Mar 2008
Posts: 318
Location: Washington DC
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 80 [0], given: 4

### Show Tags

22 Aug 2008, 19:18
Yes thats the OA but could you please provide reasons?
Intern
Joined: 13 Aug 2008
Posts: 9
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

27 Aug 2008, 04:14
I think cost should be deciding factor for the option.
Intern
Joined: 26 Aug 2008
Posts: 22
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

27 Aug 2008, 19:18
Clearly B.

If B was false, the conclusion does not work.
Senior Manager
Status: Can't give up
Joined: 20 Dec 2009
Posts: 315
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 31 [0], given: 35

### Show Tags

20 Oct 2010, 07:40
A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year ...this is increase in exports hence increase in demand.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers - "quality" is a new element introduced. trap IMO.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor - because of cost the countries are buying.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year. - this is a stretch
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year -production is actually increasing because of decrease in dollar value.

IMO A
Manager
Status: I rest, I rust.
Joined: 04 Oct 2010
Posts: 122
Schools: ISB - Co 2013
WE 1: IT Professional since 2006
Followers: 17

Kudos [?]: 121 [0], given: 9

### Show Tags

20 Oct 2010, 10:45
amma4u wrote:
A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year ...this is increase in exports hence increase in demand.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers - "quality" is a new element introduced. trap IMO.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor - because of cost the countries are buying.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year. - this is a stretch
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year -production is actually increasing because of decrease in dollar value.

IMO A

Infact A could be a conclusion of the paragraph, but not assumption. Since paper product factories in Japan and Western Europe import more paper (because of whatever reason) hence more output.

The assumption, in my opinion, is C which says that "Japan and Europe would prefer American paper pulp if it was not so expensive". Negate it and we get something like "Japan and Europe would NOT prefer American paper pulp even if it was cheap" which makes the para crash.

My 2 cents.
_________________

Respect,
Vaibhav

PS: Correct me if I am wrong.

Manager
Joined: 29 Sep 2008
Posts: 146
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 111 [0], given: 1

### Show Tags

20 Oct 2010, 20:22
b
Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Oct 2010
Posts: 262
Location: India
GMAT 1: 560 Q36 V31
GPA: 3
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 82 [0], given: 27

### Show Tags

20 Oct 2010, 23:09
I think the answer is C. And here is why:

Firstly quality is not something that is talked about anywhere in the argument. They talk of exports that will rise in the coming year owed to a decrease in costs.

The point about exports that will rise would only stand if Japanese and WE manufacturers already had a desire to purchase this pulp. And so far there is only one reason preventing that. Cost. Or at least that is the assumption.

Can someone explain if there is a flaw in this and why?
_________________

petrifiedbutstanding

Re: CR-Wood pulp.   [#permalink] 20 Oct 2010, 23:09

Go to page    1   2   3    Next  [ 56 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
8 State tax officials, having had considerable success in 21 02 Mar 2016, 09:09
36 Spending on research and development by United States 22 12 Jun 2016, 02:54
12 In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in 16 17 Jul 2016, 02:36
5 A conservation group in the United States is trying to 31 17 Feb 2016, 06:34
2 In developed countries, such as the United States, the 7 12 Mar 2017, 18:05
Display posts from previous: Sort by