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Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city's [#permalink] ### Show Tags 03 Sep 2004, 06:52 00:00 Difficulty: (N/A) Question Stats: 50% (03:08) correct 50% (01:40) wrong based on 8 sessions ### HideShow timer Statistics Faced with an estimated$2 billion budget gap, the city's mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city's major cultural institutions and to subsidize
hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city's major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city's major cultural institutions and for subsidizing

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city's major cultural institutions and to subsidize

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city's major cultural institutions, and to subsidize

(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city's major cultural institutions and for the subsidization
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03 Sep 2004, 06:57
C

proposed to reduce...........and to subsidized.
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03 Sep 2004, 08:42
A.

proposed a ... reduction in the amount allocated ...
= to maintain X and
= to subsidize Y.
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03 Sep 2004, 09:21
phew...I looked also at A.

I did not think reduction should be formed in to reduce.

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07 Jul 2011, 22:10
+1 A

Idiom: "reduction in"

An infinitive can be only paralell with another infinitive.
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07 Jul 2011, 22:20
tricky.. chose C.. .. it is A..
But is "to reduce" wrong usage??
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07 Jul 2011, 23:18
I would go with C. Explanations are given below:

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city's major cultural institutions and to subsidize
The sentence is not grammatically correct...the amount allocated [to] the previous year..institutions[,] and..

(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city's major cultural institutions and for subsidizing
It seems to suggest that the reduction is from the previous year itself. The reduction is in amount of the previous year.

(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city's major cultural institutions and to subsidize
Correct. It is clear that the amount being reduced is in comparison with previous year.

(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city's major cultural institutions, and to subsidize
Again, emphasizing that the reduction might be from previous year itself. Previous year is being mentioned to indicate the amount being reduced. The actual reduction, thought, starts from the current year only.
(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city's major cultural institutions and for the subsidization
Same reasons as for D. Ambiguity with year and amount.
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08 Jul 2011, 06:29
Why is A better than C? The answer lies here. The 'reduction' is not part of the //ism. The reduction is brought to do two things namely, to maintain and to subsidize. They are the real arms of the intended //ism.

C has a serious wrong word-order problem. Saying that ‘from the previous year that was allocated’, gives an impression that the previous year was allocated rather than the amount. The previous year should modify the amount for maintaining a proper meaning.

Doesn’t C also distort that the reduction was imposed in the previous year’s allocation rather than this year’s?
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08 Jul 2011, 12:40
I agree A is the correct answer.
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08 Jul 2011, 13:03
the first thing that clicked my mind when i saw this question was 'propose'..isn't there no need of 'THAT' when others forms of propose such as proposed,proposing are used? or for any other verb that requires 'THAT' such as recommend,suggest,request,mandate.
I reluctantly chose E only because 'THAT' followed 'proposing', else my answer would have been A
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09 Jul 2011, 10:05
SO A or C?

i chose C mainly bc the first sentence just mixing the "years" with the adverb.
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09 Jul 2011, 10:11
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144144 wrote:
SO A or C?

i chose C mainly bc the first sentence just mixing the "years" with the adverb.

Has to be A, C distorts the meaning
Re: Hard SC- 12   [#permalink] 09 Jul 2011, 10:11
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