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Falling unemployment numbers have raised expectations of the Federal R

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Falling unemployment numbers have raised expectations of the Federal R  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2018, 06:28
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Question Stats:

85% (00:44) correct 15% (00:53) wrong based on 62 sessions

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Falling unemployment numbers have raised expectations of the Federal Reserve will cause an increase in the prime lending rate.

A of the Federal Reserve will cause an increase in
B of the Federal Reserve having increased
C that the Federal Reserve will increase
D that the Federal Reserve increases
E that the Federal Reserve would cause an increase in
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Re: Falling unemployment numbers have raised expectations of the Federal R  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2018, 08:04
chesstitans wrote:
Falling unemployment numbers have raised expectations of the Federal Reserve will cause an increase in the prime lending rate.

A of the Federal Reserve will cause an increase in
B of the Federal Reserve having increased
C that the Federal Reserve will increase
D that the Federal Reserve increases
E that the Federal Reserve would cause an increase in


Incorrect portion -

A of the Federal Reserve will cause an increase in - cause is a redundant word here.
B of the Federal Reserve having increased
To use expectations of .. we will need to write the sentence in passive voice
Falling unemployment numbers have raised expectations of an increase in the prime lending rate by the Federal Reserve.
C that the Federal Reserve will increase - Correct
D that the Federal Reserve increases
E that the Federal Reserve would cause an increase in - Expectation and use of 'would' together are redundant here.
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Re: Falling unemployment numbers have raised expectations of the Federal R  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2018, 10:07
chesstitans wrote:
Falling unemployment numbers have raised expectations of the Federal Reserve will cause an increase in the prime lending rate.

A of the Federal Reserve will cause an increase in
B of the Federal Reserve having increased
C that the Federal Reserve will increase
D that the Federal Reserve increases
E that the Federal Reserve would cause an increase in

Correct answer must be (C) for the highlighted errors in other options...
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Re: Falling unemployment numbers have raised expectations of the Federal R  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2018, 17:05
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Official Explanation


Split #1: what word should follow “expectations”? The word “of” or the word “that”? The construction “expectations of” is acceptable if what comes next is a single noun --- “I have high expectations of the President.” If what comes after is a whole action, then the GMAT doesn’t approve of cramming actions into prepositional phrases. We need a full subordinate clause, with its [noun] + [verb] structure, to describe an action. In this case, the second half of the sentence is about the Fed performing an action. Therefore, the construction with “of” in (A) & (B) is incorrect.

Split #2: the context suggests that the action of the Federal Reserve will be a future action. Using the present tense in this context “expectations that the Federal Reserve increases ....” makes no sense: if they are doing it right now, then there’s no reason to expect it! That’s why (D) is wrong. Choice (E) is wrong because it uses a strange hypothetical construction “expectations that the Federal Reserve would cause an increase in ...” First of all, they would do this if what? It seems to create the expectation of a condition without specifying the condition. Furthermore, that long phrase “cause an increase in”, instead of “increase”, is an absolute monstrosity --- there is no way that would ever be correct on the GMAT. What we need is the simple future tense, which is exactly what (C) has.

(C) is the best possible answer.
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Re: Falling unemployment numbers have raised expectations of the Federal R &nbs [#permalink] 13 Sep 2018, 17:05
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