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Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de

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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2012, 10:44
arunmehta89

This is what the passage intends to say but unfortunately doesn’t. Instead of saying, Guy de was famous for something the text says that his stories were famous for something. This is the error brought about by the faulty structure of dangling modification
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2012, 11:49
exactly my point.........the sentence intends this meaning.......bt option D , which is the right answer..............doesnt give this meaning........
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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IMO D
it is a modifier type question and only option D show best option and correctly match with modifier.
option A B C E and make dangling modifier err and pronoun type err
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2012, 02:04
A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories
have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a
tragic twist of fate. (His is redundant here and even if "His" is removed or considered right, the modifier should modify a noun, which is not present after the modifier phrase)
B. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of how he
famously and masterfully uses irony, evident in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of
fate at the end of each piece. (He is redundant here)
C. Famed for using irony in a masterful way, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories
have become classics because of the author slowly revealing a tragic twist of fate at the
end of each piece. (Famed for using irony in a masterful way (modifier) should modify a noun, which is Guy de Maupassant, which is not present after the modifying phrase)
D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the
author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic
twist of fate at the end of each piece. (Looks fine)
E. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because he slowly
revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece, demonstrating his famed and
masterful use of irony.(He is redundant here)

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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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Hi all,

Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.

There has been a lot of discussion about the meaning conveyed by this sentence and many posters feel the even if Choice D is the correct answer, it does not communicate the intended meaning. Here is my take on this:

Image

The main clause of this sentence says that Guy de Maupassant’s short stories have become classics. So, I feel that this is the crux of the sentence. Whatever extra information is present in the sentence is about why these stories became classics. The reason why his short stories have become classics is that Guy de Maupassant used irony in his writing in a masterful manner. His talent can be seen in the way he revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

Image

ERROR ANALYSIS:

1. The opening verb-ed modifier “Famed for his…” is incorrectly modifying the subject of the preceding clause “many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories”. Who was famed? The writer Guy de Maupassant was famed and not many of his short stories. Hence, we have MODIFIER ERROR in this sentence.
2. Usage of “due to” is not correct here. Whether the usage of “due to” is correct or not can be checked by a simple test. Replace “due to” with “caused by”. If the sentence still makes sense, then use of “due to” is correct.

POE:

A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.: Incorrect for reasons discussed above.

B. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of how he famously and masterfully uses irony, evident in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece. Incorrect:
i. “because of” should be followed by a noun or clause beginning with noun.
ii. Non-possessive pronoun “he” cannot refer to possessive “of Guy de Maupassant's” because this entity is an adjective in this sentence that modifies “short stories”. A pronoun cannot refer to an adjective. It can only refer to a noun or another pronoun

C. Famed for using irony in a masterful way, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author slowly revealing a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.: Incorrect. This choice repeats the modifier error of choice A.

D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece. Correct.

E. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because he slowly revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece, demonstrating his famed and masterful use of irony. Incorrect. . This choice repeats the same pronoun error of Choice B.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Last edited by egmat on 14 Feb 2013, 15:20, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2012, 11:40
egmat wrote:
Image

The main clause of this sentence says that Guy de Maupassant’s short stories have become classics. So, I feel that this is the crux of the sentence. Whatever extra information is present in the sentence is about why these stories became classics. The reason why his short stories have become classics is that Guy de Maupassant used irony in his writing in a masterful manner. His talent can be seen in the way he revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

Image

ERROR ANALYSIS:

1. The opening verb-ed modifier “Famed for his…” is incorrectly modifying the subject of the preceding clause “many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories”. Who was famed? The writer Guy de Maupassant was famed and not many of his short stories. Hence, we have MODIFIER ERROR in this sentence.
2. Usage of “due to” is not correct here. Whether the usage of “due to” is correct or not can be checked by a simple test. Replace “due to” with “caused by”. If the sentence still makes sense, then use of “due to” is correct.

POE:

A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.: Incorrect for reasons discussed above.

D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece. Correct.


Hi Shraddha,

Excellent analysis. However, I have a few doubts.

I see how based on your analysis, choice D makes sense. However, what about the subtle meaning change? The sentence changes the idea that Maupassant was famed for his masterful use of irony to the idea that Maupassant's use of irony was famed and masterful. The former shows a causal relationship between masterful use of irony and fame, while the latter just states that his use of irony was both masterful and famed.

In your meaning analysis, you state that the main idea of the sentence is about Maupassant's short stories becoming classics. However, it would be great if you could walk us (or at least me) through the thought process of why you felt that the meaning change discussed above could be safely ignored in picking "D". On the flip-side, I guess the other question would be why you felt correcting the modifier error was more important than retaining the meaning behind fame and masterful use of irony.

Thanks!

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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2012, 09:08
dpvtank wrote:
Hi Shraddha,

Excellent analysis. However, I have a few doubts.

I see how based on your analysis, choice D makes sense. However, what about the subtle meaning change? The sentence changes the idea that Maupassant was famed for his masterful use of irony to the idea that Maupassant's use of irony was famed and masterful. The former shows a causal relationship between masterful use of irony and fame, while the latter just states that his use of irony was both masterful and famed.

In your meaning analysis, you state that the main idea of the sentence is about Maupassant's short stories becoming classics. However, it would be great if you could walk us (or at least me) through the thought process of why you felt that the meaning change discussed above could be safely ignored in picking "D". On the flip-side, I guess the other question would be why you felt correcting the modifier error was more important than retaining the meaning behind fame and masterful use of irony.

Thanks!


Hi there,

Well firstly, choice D is the only error free answer choice. And one answer has to be correct. So choice D makes for that correct answer.

Secondly, I again say that the crux of the sentence is that Maupassant’s short stories became classic. Maupassant is not the subject of this sentence. It is his short stories. So we must use modifications that center around his short stories and not the writer.

Choice D does that. The subject remains Maupassant’s short stories as in the original sentence. Maupassant’s short stories became classics. And why did they become classics? They became classics because the writer employed his popular style of using irony. The cause and effect relationship is still here. The evidence of that masterful use of irony is the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

This is my take on the sentence from the meaning standpoint. :)

Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2012, 13:19
A – “due to” cannot mean “on account of”. Here, we can see that this is exactly how it is meant. Check also if “due to” can be replaced by “caused by”. So option A eliminate
B – Past tense. So it should be “used”. “He” in the second part of sentence has no clear reference. Eliminate
C – First part refers to Guy de Maupassant. So the noun after comma should be the author. Note that there is no possessive pronoun “his” in the sentence before comma. A possesive pronoun can refer to "Guy De Maupassant's stories" That is why Option A did not have this error. Eliminate
D – Keep
E – stories became classic because of his use of irony and not because he slowly revealed a tragic twist. Change of meaning. “he” has no clear reference. Eliminate.

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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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A – “due to” cannot mean “on account of”. Here, we can see that this is exactly how it is meant. Check also if “due to” can be replaced by “caused by”. So option A eliminate
B – Past tense. So it should be “used”. “He” in the second part of sentence has no clear reference. Eliminate
C – First part refers to Guy de Maupassant. So the noun after comma should be the author. Note that there is no possessive pronoun “his” in the sentence before comma. A possesive pronoun can refer to "Guy De Maupassant's stories" That is why Option A did not have this error. Eliminate
D – Keep
E – stories became classic because of his use of irony and not because he slowly revealed a tragic twist. Change of meaning. “he” has no clear reference. Eliminate.

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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2013, 17:13
D is the correct answer.
A, B,E have a pronoun that has no clear antecedant.

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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2013, 21:32
Hello Shraddha,I agree with your explanation in answer choice D.But I somehow feel that the comma before evidenced is unncecessary. It is the use of irony which is evidenced in the slow revelation.......So comma is not required I think. Putting a comma before evindenced suggests that the part after comma modifies the part before comma which I feel is incorrect.

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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2013, 13:49
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sid090188 wrote:
Hello Shraddha,I agree with your explanation in answer choice D.But I somehow feel that the comma before evidenced is unncecessary. It is the use of irony which is evidenced in the slow revelation.......So comma is not required I think. Putting a comma before evindenced suggests that the part after comma modifies the part before comma which I feel is incorrect.


Hi Sid,

This is the correct answer choice D:

Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

There are a few things that I would like to say here:

1. "evidenced" is a verb-ed modifier that always modifies the preceding noun enity. Here usage of "evidenced" is correct because it logically refers to "use of irony", the preceding noun entity.
2. Use of comma alone is not a deterministic issue to reject an otherwise correct answer choice. In this particular case, usage of comma pertains more to the stylistic issue and not to the grammar issue. Here the comma has been used to imtroduce that necessary pause in the sentence to understand the meaning of the sentence better. This comma makes you pause and then you continue reading, understanding the role of "evidenced...". Never reject an answer choice because of the use of comma in a certain fashion.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2013, 15:11
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D is the right answer.

A, C have a modifier error. The modifier does not rightly modify Guy de Maupassant.
B, E have a pronoun error. He is a subject pronoun and cannot refer to the possessive noun Guy de Maupassant's

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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2013, 03:36
Phoenix72 wrote:
The two options are C & D.
What is wrong with C? to me D seems wordy.

Please explain.

opening modifier in c is misplaced. opening phrase is intended to modify noun "Guy de Maupassant", however it is modifying short stories.
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2013, 04:25
Choice D doesn't change the meaning of the sentence.

The original sentence says that because of his irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics and goes on explaining the reason behind the success -slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate - this is indeed the irony mentioned earlier.

D) Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

D clearly conveys the same intended meaning.
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2014, 10:04
geturdream wrote:
topmbaseeker wrote:
Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have
become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic
twist of fate.

A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.
B. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of how he famously and masterfully uses irony, evident in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.
C. Famed for using irony in a masterful way, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author slowly revealing a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.
D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.
E. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because he slowly revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece, demonstrating his famed and masterful use of irony.


A-- due to can be replaced by Caused by. So it should follow a noun clause. here the sentence is due to the author slowly revealing ... which is wrong
B-- same thing. we are expecting a noun clause after Because of.
C-- same a B
E-- the sentence first uses the possessive form of the noun and then uses he as pronoun which is wrong

D uses the noun clause author's famed and masterful use of irony after because of. And also continues to use the the possessive form.
after the possessive


Thanks for reinforcing the use of a Noun Clause for Due To. I forget that a lot and only substitute "caused by" in its place to test if it's okay to use Due To. I do believe that Because Of needs to be followed by a verb clause instead of a noun clause so I believe the use of Because Of is correct in B and C.

http://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/forum ... t3081.html

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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2016, 00:33
Even though D is the best grammatically, it doesn't preserve the intended meaning. We shall never see this in GMAT. Can we have the source please?
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2016, 14:42
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de   [#permalink] 15 Jul 2016, 14:42

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