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# Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de

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Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2008, 23:44
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Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have
become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic
twist of fate.

A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories
have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a
tragic twist of fate.
B. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of how he
famously and masterfully uses irony, evident in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of
fate at the end of each piece.
C. Famed for using irony in a masterful way, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories
have become classics because of the author slowly revealing a tragic twist of fate at the
end of each piece.
D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the
author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic
twist of fate at the end of each piece.
E. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because he slowly
revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece, demonstrating his famed and
masterful use of irony.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by mau5 on 13 Aug 2013, 05:30, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2012, 06:40
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Hi all,

Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.

There has been a lot of discussion about the meaning conveyed by this sentence and many posters feel the even if Choice D is the correct answer, it does not communicate the intended meaning. Here is my take on this:

The main clause of this sentence says that Guy de Maupassant’s short stories have become classics. So, I feel that this is the crux of the sentence. Whatever extra information is present in the sentence is about why these stories became classics. The reason why his short stories have become classics is that Guy de Maupassant used irony in his writing in a masterful manner. His talent can be seen in the way he revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

ERROR ANALYSIS:

1. The opening verb-ed modifier “Famed for his…” is incorrectly modifying the subject of the preceding clause “many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories”. Who was famed? The writer Guy de Maupassant was famed and not many of his short stories. Hence, we have MODIFIER ERROR in this sentence.
2. Usage of “due to” is not correct here. Whether the usage of “due to” is correct or not can be checked by a simple test. Replace “due to” with “caused by”. If the sentence still makes sense, then use of “due to” is correct.

POE:

A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.: Incorrect for reasons discussed above.

B. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of how he famously and masterfully uses irony, evident in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece. Incorrect:
i. “because of” should be followed by a noun or clause beginning with noun.
ii. Non-possessive pronoun “he” cannot refer to possessive “of Guy de Maupassant's” because this entity is an adjective in this sentence that modifies “short stories”. A pronoun cannot refer to an adjective. It can only refer to a noun or another pronoun

C. Famed for using irony in a masterful way, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author slowly revealing a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.: Incorrect. This choice repeats the modifier error of choice A.

D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece. Correct.

E. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because he slowly revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece, demonstrating his famed and masterful use of irony. Incorrect. . This choice repeats the same pronoun error of Choice B.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Last edited by egmat on 14 Feb 2013, 15:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SC - Guy de Maupassant [#permalink]

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topmbaseeker wrote:
Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have
become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic
twist of fate.

A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.
B. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of how he famously and masterfully uses irony, evident in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.
C. Famed for using irony in a masterful way, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author slowly revealing a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.
D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.
E. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because he slowly revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece, demonstrating his famed and masterful use of irony.

A-- due to can be replaced by Caused by. So it should follow a noun clause. here the sentence is due to the author slowly revealing ... which is wrong
B-- same thing. we are expecting a noun clause after Because of.
C-- same a B
E-- the sentence first uses the possessive form of the noun and then uses he as pronoun which is wrong

D uses the noun clause author's famed and masterful use of irony after because of. And also continues to use the the possessive form.
after the possessive
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Re: SC - Guy de Maupassant [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2008, 00:08
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topmbaseeker wrote:
Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have
become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic
twist of fate.

A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories
have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a
tragic twist of fate.
B. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of how he
famously and masterfully uses irony, evident in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of
fate at the end of each piece.
C. Famed for using irony in a masterful way, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories
have become classics because of the author slowly revealing a tragic twist of fate at the
end of each piece.
D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the
author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic
twist of fate at the end of each piece.
E. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because he slowly
revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece, demonstrating his famed and
masterful use of irony.

Besides the other errors, A , B and E have the same errors: "he" and "his" have no referent
C is awkward

D is the best
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2012, 22:33
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IMO D
it is a modifier type question and only option D show best option and correctly match with modifier.
option A B C E and make dangling modifier err and pronoun type err
thanks
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2013, 13:49
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sid090188 wrote:
Hello Shraddha,I agree with your explanation in answer choice D.But I somehow feel that the comma before evidenced is unncecessary. It is the use of irony which is evidenced in the slow revelation.......So comma is not required I think. Putting a comma before evindenced suggests that the part after comma modifies the part before comma which I feel is incorrect.

Hi Sid,

This is the correct answer choice D:

Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

There are a few things that I would like to say here:

1. "evidenced" is a verb-ed modifier that always modifies the preceding noun enity. Here usage of "evidenced" is correct because it logically refers to "use of irony", the preceding noun entity.
2. Use of comma alone is not a deterministic issue to reject an otherwise correct answer choice. In this particular case, usage of comma pertains more to the stylistic issue and not to the grammar issue. Here the comma has been used to imtroduce that necessary pause in the sentence to understand the meaning of the sentence better. This comma makes you pause and then you continue reading, understanding the role of "evidenced...". Never reject an answer choice because of the use of comma in a certain fashion.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2013, 15:11
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D is the right answer.

A, C have a modifier error. The modifier does not rightly modify Guy de Maupassant.
B, E have a pronoun error. He is a subject pronoun and cannot refer to the possessive noun Guy de Maupassant's
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Re: SC - Guy de Maupassant [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2010, 14:19
D changes the meaning. But there is no other option left.
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Re: SC - Guy de Maupassant [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2010, 16:29
i dont think it changes meaning. just worded differently from the first sentence but still get same point across.
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Re: SC - Guy de Maupassant [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2010, 18:39
shaselai wrote:
i dont think it changes meaning. just worded differently from the first sentence but still get same point across.

Thought so, but it is the only grammatically correct answer choice regardless.
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Re: SC - Guy de Maupassant [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2010, 09:47
I reckon there is no change of meaning in D .. this is the best choice !!..
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Re: SC - Guy de Maupassant [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2010, 02:57
between B and D
B: is grammatically wrong
so D it is
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Re: SC - Guy de Maupassant [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2010, 12:04
A and C have misplaced modifiers so you can cross those out. B and E contain pronoun errors. A possessive word (i.e. Guy de Maupassant's) cannot, as a rule of thumb, be the antecedent of a pronoun. D is the only grammatically correct choice.
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Re: SC - Guy de Maupassant [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2011, 18:34
I am going with D. Others have modifier errors.
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2011, 04:43
I am with D.... A B and E have pronoun problem.... C is awkward...
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2011, 05:56
The two options are C & D.
What is wrong with C? to me D seems wordy.

Please explain.
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2011, 13:17
I think D totally changes the meaning. C seems the best choice to me.
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2012, 02:04
A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories
have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a
tragic twist of fate. (His is redundant here and even if "His" is removed or considered right, the modifier should modify a noun, which is not present after the modifier phrase)
B. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of how he
famously and masterfully uses irony, evident in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of
fate at the end of each piece. (He is redundant here)
C. Famed for using irony in a masterful way, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories
have become classics because of the author slowly revealing a tragic twist of fate at the
end of each piece. (Famed for using irony in a masterful way (modifier) should modify a noun, which is Guy de Maupassant, which is not present after the modifying phrase)
D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the
author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic
twist of fate at the end of each piece. (Looks fine)
E. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because he slowly
revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece, demonstrating his famed and
masterful use of irony.(He is redundant here)
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2012, 11:40
egmat wrote:

The main clause of this sentence says that Guy de Maupassant’s short stories have become classics. So, I feel that this is the crux of the sentence. Whatever extra information is present in the sentence is about why these stories became classics. The reason why his short stories have become classics is that Guy de Maupassant used irony in his writing in a masterful manner. His talent can be seen in the way he revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

ERROR ANALYSIS:

1. The opening verb-ed modifier “Famed for his…” is incorrectly modifying the subject of the preceding clause “many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories”. Who was famed? The writer Guy de Maupassant was famed and not many of his short stories. Hence, we have MODIFIER ERROR in this sentence.
2. Usage of “due to” is not correct here. Whether the usage of “due to” is correct or not can be checked by a simple test. Replace “due to” with “caused by”. If the sentence still makes sense, then use of “due to” is correct.

POE:

A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.: Incorrect for reasons discussed above.

D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece. Correct.

Hi Shraddha,

Excellent analysis. However, I have a few doubts.

I see how based on your analysis, choice D makes sense. However, what about the subtle meaning change? The sentence changes the idea that Maupassant was famed for his masterful use of irony to the idea that Maupassant's use of irony was famed and masterful. The former shows a causal relationship between masterful use of irony and fame, while the latter just states that his use of irony was both masterful and famed.

In your meaning analysis, you state that the main idea of the sentence is about Maupassant's short stories becoming classics. However, it would be great if you could walk us (or at least me) through the thought process of why you felt that the meaning change discussed above could be safely ignored in picking "D". On the flip-side, I guess the other question would be why you felt correcting the modifier error was more important than retaining the meaning behind fame and masterful use of irony.

Thanks!
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2012, 09:08
dpvtank wrote:
Hi Shraddha,

Excellent analysis. However, I have a few doubts.

I see how based on your analysis, choice D makes sense. However, what about the subtle meaning change? The sentence changes the idea that Maupassant was famed for his masterful use of irony to the idea that Maupassant's use of irony was famed and masterful. The former shows a causal relationship between masterful use of irony and fame, while the latter just states that his use of irony was both masterful and famed.

In your meaning analysis, you state that the main idea of the sentence is about Maupassant's short stories becoming classics. However, it would be great if you could walk us (or at least me) through the thought process of why you felt that the meaning change discussed above could be safely ignored in picking "D". On the flip-side, I guess the other question would be why you felt correcting the modifier error was more important than retaining the meaning behind fame and masterful use of irony.

Thanks!

Hi there,

Well firstly, choice D is the only error free answer choice. And one answer has to be correct. So choice D makes for that correct answer.

Secondly, I again say that the crux of the sentence is that Maupassant’s short stories became classic. Maupassant is not the subject of this sentence. It is his short stories. So we must use modifications that center around his short stories and not the writer.

Choice D does that. The subject remains Maupassant’s short stories as in the original sentence. Maupassant’s short stories became classics. And why did they become classics? They became classics because the writer employed his popular style of using irony. The cause and effect relationship is still here. The evidence of that masterful use of irony is the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

This is my take on the sentence from the meaning standpoint.

Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de   [#permalink] 05 Jul 2012, 09:08

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