fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are

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fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2007, 07:56
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fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are subsidized by city tax revenues, but among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville. Some city councilors argue that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them, and therefore that bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the service.
Each of the following, if true, would weaken the argument advanced by the city councilors EXCEPT:
(A) Many businesses whose presence in the city is beneficial to the cityâ€™s taxpayers would relocate outside the city if public-transit fare were more expensive.
(B) By providing commuters with economic incentives to drive to work, higher transit fares would worsen air pollution in Greenville and increase the cost of maintaining the cityâ€™s streets.
(C) Increasing transit fares would disadvantage those residents of the city whose low incomes make them exempt from city taxes, and all city councilors agree that these residents should be able to take advantage of city-run services.
(D) Voters in the city, many of whom benefit from the low transit fares, are strongly opposed to increasing local taxes.
(E) People who work in Greenville and earn wages above the nationally mandated minimum all pay the city wage tax of 5 percent.
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02 Feb 2007, 08:23
Clear D.
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02 Feb 2007, 09:33
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02 Feb 2007, 10:16
AK47 wrote:
fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are subsidized by city tax revenues, but among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville. Some city councilors argue that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them, and therefore that bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the service.
Each of the following, if true, would weaken the argument advanced by the city councilors EXCEPT:
(A) Many businesses whose presence in the city is beneficial to the cityâ€™s taxpayers would relocate outside the city if public-transit fare were more expensive.
(B) By providing commuters with economic incentives to drive to work, higher transit fares would worsen air pollution in Greenville and increase the cost of maintaining the cityâ€™s streets.
(C) Increasing transit fares would disadvantage those residents of the city whose low incomes make them exempt from city taxes, and all city councilors agree that these residents should be able to take advantage of city-run services.
(D) Voters in the city, many of whom benefit from the low transit fares, are strongly opposed to increasing local taxes.
(E) People who work in Greenville and earn wages above the nationally mandated minimum all pay the city wage tax of 5 percent.

A. Weakens the argument by saying that the taxpayers actually DO benefit from subsidizing the fares, because if they didnt, local businesses would leave the town.

B-not necessarily a disadvantage to taxpayers
C-non tax payers are Out of scope
D-so what? this doesnt affect whether increased fares will actually benefit tax payers.
E-Irrelevant
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02 Feb 2007, 16:17
buckkitty wrote:
AK47 wrote:
fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are subsidized by city tax revenues, but among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville. Some city councilors argue that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them, and therefore that bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the service.
Each of the following, if true, would weaken the argument advanced by the city councilors EXCEPT:
(A) Many businesses whose presence in the city is beneficial to the cityâ€™s taxpayers would relocate outside the city if public-transit fare were more expensive.
(B) By providing commuters with economic incentives to drive to work, higher transit fares would worsen air pollution in Greenville and increase the cost of maintaining the cityâ€™s streets.
(C) Increasing transit fares would disadvantage those residents of the city whose low incomes make them exempt from city taxes, and all city councilors agree that these residents should be able to take advantage of city-run services.
(D) Voters in the city, many of whom benefit from the low transit fares, are strongly opposed to increasing local taxes.
(E) People who work in Greenville and earn wages above the nationally mandated minimum all pay the city wage tax of 5 percent.

A. Weakens the argument by saying that the taxpayers actually DO benefit from subsidizing the fares, because if they didnt, local businesses would leave the town.

B-not necessarily a disadvantage to taxpayers
C-non tax payers are Out of scope
D-so what? this doesnt affect whether increased fares will actually benefit tax payers.
E-Irrelevant

Careful:This is an EXCEPT question.

A, B, C and E all weaken the conclusion.

B - Weakens the argument by showing that the increased fare will result in increased maintenance costs.
C - Weakens the argument by showing that a section of the public is adversely affected.
E - Weakens the argument by showing that even people who commute from outside the city contribute to taxes. This directly attacks the justification for the fare increase by nullifying the following portion of the argument.

but among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville. Some city councilors argue that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them, and therefore that bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the

As you said, D doesn't weaken the argument. Thats why D is the answer.
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02 Feb 2007, 20:56
good question. One more D. The word "all" in E is hidden very intelligently.
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02 Feb 2007, 22:57
one more D
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03 Feb 2007, 05:56
buckkitty wrote:
AK47 wrote:
fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are subsidized by city tax revenues, but among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville. Some city councilors argue that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them, and therefore that bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the service.
Each of the following, if true, would weaken the argument advanced by the city councilors EXCEPT:
(A) Many businesses whose presence in the city is beneficial to the cityâ€™s taxpayers would relocate outside the city if public-transit fare were more expensive.
(B) By providing commuters with economic incentives to drive to work, higher transit fares would worsen air pollution in Greenville and increase the cost of maintaining the cityâ€™s streets.
(C) Increasing transit fares would disadvantage those residents of the city whose low incomes make them exempt from city taxes, and all city councilors agree that these residents should be able to take advantage of city-run services.
(D) Voters in the city, many of whom benefit from the low transit fares, are strongly opposed to increasing local taxes.
(E) People who work in Greenville and earn wages above the nationally mandated minimum all pay the city wage tax of 5 percent.

A. Weakens the argument by saying that the taxpayers actually DO benefit from subsidizing the fares, because if they didnt, local businesses would leave the town.

B-not necessarily a disadvantage to taxpayers
C-non tax payers are Out of scope
D-so what? this doesnt affect whether increased fares will actually benefit tax payers.
E-Irrelevant

Careful:This is an EXCEPT question.

A, B, C and E all weaken the conclusion.

B - Weakens the argument by showing that the increased fare will result in increased maintenance costs.
C - Weakens the argument by showing that a section of the public is adversely affected.
E - Weakens the argument by showing that even people who commute from outside the city contribute to taxes. This directly attacks the justification for the fare increase by nullifying the following portion of the argument.

but among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville. Some city councilors argue that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them, and therefore that bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the

As you said, D doesn't weaken the argument. Thats why D is the answer.

Will 'weakens except' imply 'strengthens'. If so, statement D does not strengthen, does it?
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03 Feb 2007, 07:53
No. The correct answer in a weakens except question does not need to strengthen. In EXCEPT questions, we want to find a logically opposite answer.

The logical opposite of Weaken is not necessarily 'Strengthen'
The logical opposite is 'Not Weaken'.

Similarly, in 'Strengthen Except' questions, the correct answer does not need to Weaken the argument. A neutral answer that neither strenghtens nor weakens the argument is also a valid candidate.

Last edited by ncp on 03 Feb 2007, 08:14, edited 1 time in total.
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03 Feb 2007, 08:13
oa is D
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03 Feb 2007, 09:54
buckkitty wrote:
AK47 wrote:
fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are subsidized by city tax revenues, but among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville. Some city councilors argue that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them, and therefore that bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the service.
Each of the following, if true, would weaken the argument advanced by the city councilors EXCEPT:
(A) Many businesses whose presence in the city is beneficial to the cityâ€™s taxpayers would relocate outside the city if public-transit fare were more expensive.
(B) By providing commuters with economic incentives to drive to work, higher transit fares would worsen air pollution in Greenville and increase the cost of maintaining the cityâ€™s streets.
(C) Increasing transit fares would disadvantage those residents of the city whose low incomes make them exempt from city taxes, and all city councilors agree that these residents should be able to take advantage of city-run services.
(D) Voters in the city, many of whom benefit from the low transit fares, are strongly opposed to increasing local taxes.
(E) People who work in Greenville and earn wages above the nationally mandated minimum all pay the city wage tax of 5 percent.

A. Weakens the argument by saying that the taxpayers actually DO benefit from subsidizing the fares, because if they didnt, local businesses would leave the town.

B-not necessarily a disadvantage to taxpayers
C-non tax payers are Out of scope
D-so what? this doesnt affect whether increased fares will actually benefit tax payers.
E-Irrelevant

Careful:This is an EXCEPT question.

A, B, C and E all weaken the conclusion.

B - Weakens the argument by showing that the increased fare will result in increased maintenance costs.
C - Weakens the argument by showing that a section of the public is adversely affected.
E - Weakens the argument by showing that even people who commute from outside the city contribute to taxes. This directly attacks the justification for the fare increase by nullifying the following portion of the argument.

but among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville. Some city councilors argue that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them, and therefore that bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the

As you said, D doesn't weaken the argument. Thats why D is the answer.

Doh! I need to read more carefully. Definitely D.
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04 Feb 2007, 10:55
Late but D...
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20 Feb 2007, 07:51
'D'

Voters of the city are willing to pay higher bus fare but against increasing city taxes, which is aligned with the proposal of council members.
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21 Feb 2007, 10:47
Late D.

I want to add to the discussion that the answer could be E too.

The passage doesnâ€™t say that commutersâ€™ salaries are above nationally mandated minimum. Itâ€™s possible that they all work on the same factory and earn minimum salary.

On contrary, the passage doesnâ€™t say that taxes need to be increased in order to continue to support low bus fares. So D is not that obvious choice.
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21 Feb 2007, 21:54
Another D
21 Feb 2007, 21:54
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