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Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake

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Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake [#permalink]

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Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake relief fund, aside from Pterocom, were a sigificant difference from the usual amounts given by large companies for major international disasters.

a) aside from Pterocom, were a significant difference from the usual amounts
b) Pterocom's excepted, were a substantial departure from the usual amount of those
c) Pterocom excepted, broke the usual mold of those
d) notwithstanding Pterocom, veered much from the usual levels
e) apart from Pterocom's, departed signficantly from the usual amounts

Please help explain the logic behind OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Vyshak on 29 Jul 2016, 11:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake [#permalink]

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Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake relief fund, aside from Pterocom, were a sigificant difference from the usual amounts given by large companies for major international disasters.

a) aside from Pterocom, were a significant difference from the usual amounts
Wrong. Compared to E ==> A is not as good as E ==> A is wrong. Please see my note below.

b) Pterocom's expected, were a substantial departure from the usual amount of those
Wrong. "those" is incorrect because of "by large companies" in the non-underlined part.

c) Pterocom expected, broke the usual mold of those
Wrong. Sam error as in A. "those" is redundant and is wrong.

d) notwithstanding Pterocom, veered much from the usual levels
Wrong. "notwithstanding Ptercom" changes meaning.

e) apart from Pterocom's, departed signficantly from the usual amounts
Correct. Verb form (depart from) is better than Noun form (a difference from) --> E is correct.

Please note the order V-A-N in GMAT: Verb >> Adjective >> noun.
Verb form is always concise and conveys better meaning than adj and noun forms.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake [#permalink]

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Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake relief fund, aside from Pterocom, were a sigificant difference from the usual amounts given by large companies for major international disasters.

a) aside from Pterocom, were a significant difference from the usual amounts
b) Pterocom's expected, were a substantial departure from the usual amount of those
c) Pterocom expected, broke the usual mold of those
d) notwithstanding Pterocom, veered much from the usual levels
e) apart from Pterocom's, departed signficantly from the usual amounts

Please help explain the logic behind OA

Here we have corporate contributions....therefore we need to use ptercom's...thus we are down to B and E..B sounds wordy...that's why E
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Re: Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2013, 09:23
pqhai wrote:
Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake relief fund, aside from Pterocom, were a sigificant difference from the usual amounts given by large companies for major international disasters.

a) aside from Pterocom, were a significant difference from the usual amounts
Wrong. Compared to E ==> A is not as good as E ==> A is wrong. Please see my note below.

b) Pterocom's expected, were a substantial departure from the usual amount of those
Wrong. "those" is incorrect because of "by large companies" in the non-underlined part.

c) Pterocom expected, broke the usual mold of those
Wrong. Sam error as in A. "those" is redundant and is wrong.

d) notwithstanding Pterocom, veered much from the usual levels
Wrong. "notwithstanding Ptercom" changes meaning.

e) apart from Pterocom's, departed signficantly from the usual amounts
Correct. Verb form (depart from) is better than Noun form (a difference from) --> E is correct.

Please note the order V-A-N in GMAT: Verb >> Adjective >> noun.
Verb form is always concise and conveys better meaning than adj and noun forms.

Hope it helps.


Hi, I have two questions regarding this question and would appreciate your view.

1) Could you please clarify why "those" is redundant? I'm thinking "those" refers to the "corporate contributions" given by the large companies. Is it not?
2) When is it ok to think the possessive term is correct? For example, I chose D for the question below and the explanation for D's inaccuracy was lack of clarity regarding the Moon's what. Therefore, for the question at hand, I avoided B and E because of the use of Pterocom's. How are these two scenarios different from the question below in which this use is wrong?

Thank you so much for your help!

source: GMAT Prep Question Pack
Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, but also 400 times farther away from Earth, so both the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.

A. Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, but also 400 times farther away from Earth, so both the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.
B. The Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, is also 400 times farther away from Earth, so the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.
C. The Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky because the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, and also 400 times farther away from Earth.
D. Four hundred times larger than the Moon and 400 times farther away from Earth, the Sun has the same apparent size in the sky as the Moon's.
E. Four hundred times larger than the Moon and also 400 times farther away from Earth, so the Sun in the sky has the same apparent size as the Moon.
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Re: Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake [#permalink]

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lucbesson wrote:
Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake relief fund, aside from Pterocom, were a sigificant difference from the usual amounts given by large companies for major international disasters.

a) aside from Pterocom, were a significant difference from the usual amounts
b) Pterocom's expected, were a substantial departure from the usual amount of those
c) Pterocom expected, broke the usual mold of those
d) notwithstanding Pterocom, veered much from the usual levels
e) apart from Pterocom's, departed signficantly from the usual amounts



Structure-

"few of the contributions", "aside from Pterocom"

Sentence compares Contributions to Pterocom

Wrong comparison!

All options except E can be eliminate for this reason.


a) aside from Pterocom, were a significant difference from the usual amounts

"Contributions were a difference" is wrong. Contributions were not a difference on their own.



b) Pterocom's expected, were a substantial departure from the usual amount of those

"expected" is a verb.
for example-
No one expected him to be late.
They expected results.

Here it's seems to have been used as a noun. Comparison between "contributions" and "expected" is nonsensical. Also, "Pterocom's expected" is ungrammatical.

"those" seems to refer to "contributions". Amount of contributions- redundant



c) Pterocom expected, broke the usual mold of those

Here "expected" is used as a verb.

"noun" can't be compared with a clause. Also, expected doesn't make any sense in the context.



d) notwithstanding Pterocom, veered much from the usual levels

"notwithstanding" means "regardless of".

"Contributions regardless of Ptrerocom" is imprecise.



e) apart from Pterocom's, departed signficantly from the usual amounts

Contributions - apart from - Pterrocom's (contributions)

Correct!!!



Hope it helps!

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Re: Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake [#permalink]

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CrackVerbalGMAT wrote:
lucbesson wrote:
Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake relief fund, aside from Pterocom, were a sigificant difference from the usual amounts given by large companies for major international disasters.

a) aside from Pterocom, were a significant difference from the usual amounts
b) Pterocom's expected, were a substantial departure from the usual amount of those
c) Pterocom expected, broke the usual mold of those
d) notwithstanding Pterocom, veered much from the usual levels
e) apart from Pterocom's, departed signficantly from the usual amounts



Structure-

"few of the contributions", "aside from Pterocom"

Thanks

Sentence compares Contributions to Pterocom

Wrong comparison!

All options except E can be eliminate for this reason.


a) aside from Pterocom, were a significant difference from the usual amounts

"Contributions were a difference" is wrong. Contributions were not a difference on their own.



b) Pterocom's expected, were a substantial departure from the usual amount of those

"expected" is a verb.
for example-
No one expected him to be late.
They expected results.

Here it's seems to have been used as a noun. Comparison between "contributions" and "expected" is nonsensical. Also, "Pterocom's expected" is ungrammatical.

"those" seems to refer to "contributions". Amount of contributions- redundant



c) Pterocom expected, broke the usual mold of those

Here "expected" is used as a verb.

"noun" can't be compared with a clause. Also, expected doesn't make any sense in the context.



d) notwithstanding Pterocom, veered much from the usual levels

"notwithstanding" means "regardless of".

"Contributions regardless of Ptrerocom" is imprecise.



e) apart from Pterocom's, departed signficantly from the usual amounts

Contributions - apart from - Pterrocom's (contributions)

Correct!!!



Hope it helps!

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CrackVerbal


Thank you Dolly. However, I believe the original poster had a typo in the options. B and C are actually "excepted" rather than "expected". Expected as you said does not make sense.

I'm still having trouble understanding why "amount of contributions" is redundant. Why is it an incorrect usage?
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Re: Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake [#permalink]

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lamania wrote:
CrackVerbalGMAT wrote:
lucbesson wrote:

Thank you Dolly. However, I believe the original poster had a typo in the options. B and C are actually "excepted" rather than "expected". Expected as you said does not make sense.

I'm still having trouble understanding why "amount of contributions" is redundant. Why is it an incorrect usage?



"amount of contribution" is not redundant in general however "contributions" is unnecessary in the context.

Consider the predication...

B- Few of the contributions were a substantial departure from the usual amount of those (contributions) given by...

usual amounts given by large companies- Correct
usual amounts contributed by large companies- Correct
usual amounts of contribution contributed by large companies- Incorrect

Also, this option has bigger issues. It implies that "contributions" were a "departure". Contributions themselves can't be a "departure".

Example-
Donations were a change / Contributions were a departure- Incorrect
Donations changed... / Contribution departed... from the usual amount- Correct

Hope it helps!

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Re: Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake [#permalink]

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Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake relief fund, aside from Pterocom, were a significant difference from the usual amounts given by large companies for major international disasters.

Few of corporate contributions -> Few/Many/ some will take subject in the preposition clause.

For example : Few of trains were running late. You can also visualize as that "few of trains" will be more than 1 train.

a) aside from Pterocom, were a significant difference from the usual amounts
b) Pterocom's expected, were a substantial departure from the usual amount of those
c) Pterocom expected, broke the usual mold of those
d) notwithstanding Pterocom, veered much from the usual levels
e) apart from Pterocom's, departed significantly from the usual amounts

Comparing corporation contributions to P's contribution. So we require a possessive or contributions of P.

Hence A/C and D are out.

those given by large corporations -> what is those ?
E) is concise and correct.

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Re: Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake [#permalink]

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Re: Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2016, 03:43
MDK wrote:
Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake relief fund, aside from Pterocom, were a sigificant difference from the usual amounts given by large companies for major international disasters.

a) aside from Pterocom, were a significant difference from the usual amounts
b) Pterocom's expected, were a substantial departure from the usual amount of those
c) Pterocom expected, broke the usual mold of those
d) notwithstanding Pterocom, veered much from the usual levels
e) apart from Pterocom's, departed signficantly from the usual amounts

Please help explain the logic behind OA


Pterocom is a company so when we talk about contributions we will say Pterorocom's
B and E are ok
but B talk about usual amount but the correct choice is amounts with s in the end because there are many
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Re: Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2016, 20:12
Hi experts,

Despite realizing the comparison "contributions VS Pterocom's" is needed, i was seduced by the word "amount(s)". I thought "amount(s)" is used for uncountable noun, here "contributions" is plural, so I concluded that every answer choices has "amount" is incorrect and eliminated them all, including E - the correct answer. I was doomed.
Please throw me some light about this "amount(s)" misunderstood, thanks so much.
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Re: Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2016, 21:02
CrackVerbalGMAT

Thanks for the explanation (answer choices are bit different from what we generally use in writing english- hence tough to crack)

Can you help me deciphering the difference in meaning between - ".....were a substantial departure......" & ".....departed significantly...."
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Re: Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2016, 06:23
MDK wrote:
Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake relief fund, aside from Pterocom, were a sigificant difference from the usual amounts given by large companies for major international disasters.

a) aside from Pterocom, were a significant difference from the usual amounts
b) Pterocom's excepted, were a substantial departure from the usual amount of those
c) Pterocom excepted, broke the usual mold of those
d) notwithstanding Pterocom, veered much from the usual levels
e) apart from Pterocom's, departed signficantly from the usual amounts

Please help explain the logic behind OA


this problem contain many errors. but I want to focus on meaning error which is typical of gmat and which is critical for us to know.
gmat test the meaning errors which is so simple and basic that we can not understand it at first. but this meaning error can be realized if you use only your common sense of this world.
for example, in english book we have a sentence " 5 egg per week is good for health" but gmat consider this sentence wrong. using our common sense of this world , we see this sentence is not logic. it should be "eating 5 eggs per week is good for health" . GMAT logic/meaning error is exactly the same as in above sentence.

come back to our problem.
in d, "contribution veer from levels" no logic. simplly because in our real world this can not happen. anyone can know and learn this logic thinking.
in B, "contribution" can not be a "departure"
in A, "contribution" can not be a "difference"
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Re: Few of the corporate contributions to the earthquake   [#permalink] 10 Dec 2016, 06:23
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