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# Film scholars agree that Hollywood portrayals of America at

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Film scholars agree that Hollywood portrayals of America at [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2012, 09:18
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Film scholars agree that Hollywood portrayals of America at war follow a cyclical pattern. During and immediately after a conflict, important films trumpet glory and sacrifice. Ten to fifteen years later, questioning and sometimes pacifistic movies about the conflict dominate. In the late 1960’s, “the raging bulls” of Hollywood--the young trendsetters rising to prominence--proclaimed this pattern obsolete. However, the passage of time has demonstrated this cultural pattern to be more resilient than it seemed in those days of social change.

Throughout the majority of the last century, evidence of the cyclical portrayal of war in film abounds. After America declared war against Germany during World War I, the still infant film industry glorified the fight against “the Hun.” By the early 1930's, major releases had changed their tone; for example, All Quiet on the Western Front put forth an anti-war message by displaying the horrors of combat. After World War II began, the industry shifted gears. Suddenly, important pictures again portrayed glories and courage without the questioning or despair. For example, Guadalcanal Diary, produced during the war, showed “the ultimate sacrifice” as a noble and undoubted good. Once again, though, by 1957, films such as The Bridge on the River Kwai won awards for depicting the moral confusion of war.

Those who later declared this pattern dead based their conviction on their hearts rather than their minds. During the Vietnam War, the only major film about that conflict was The Green Berets, starring John Wayne and far closer in tone to Guadalcanal Diary than to The Bridge on the River Kwai. Similarly, years went by before more complex visions of war, such as Apocalypse Now, and then Platoon, emerged.

While today’s film industry is more diverse and its audience more culturally fragmented, this cycle largely continues. Jarhead, a layered depiction of the first gulf war, premiered more than ten years after that conflict. Further evidence of this pattern can be seen in the release of Apocalypse Now Redux, which contained additional footage that the producers originally thought would repel audiences. Thus, the famous aphorism “The more things change, the more they stay the same” certainly applies to this aspect of the film industry.
Q1) According to the passage, Apocalypse Now Redux differed from Apocalypse Now in which of the following ways?
A. The added footage made it less appealing to a more culturally diverse audience.
B. The added footage made its portrayal of war less glorified and more ambiguous.
C. The added footage made its portrayal of war less harsh and more glorified.
D. The added footage made it more similar in tone to other war movies.
E. The removed footage made its portrayal of war less glorified and less appealing.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

Q2)The passage implies that the combat depicted in All Quiet on the Western Front least resembles the depiction of combat in which of the following?
B: Apocalypse Now
C: The Bridge on the River Kwai
D: Platoon

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

3. In the second paragraph, the author implies that “the
Hun” refers to which of the following?
A) The Huns
B) The Hungarians
C) The Austro-Hungarians
D) The Germans
E The Russians

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

Q4)What is the main point made by the author?
A: Hollywood has never fully supported America’s armed conflicts.
B: In the last century, the film industry has become more culturally diverse.
C: An established cultural pattern is more durable than was thought during a time of social upheaval.
D: The film industry has only supported American military efforts during the actual conflict.
E: Cyclical patterns determine the type of big budget films produced by Hollywood more than individuals do.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

5. What is the function of the last paragraph of the passage?
A) It shows that, despite changes in the industry and audience, the pattern discussed still exists.
B) It points out that the film industry never changes.
C) It shows that changes in the film industry and its audience have made the pattern previously discussed obsolete.
D) It discusses how Jarhead and Apocalypse Now Redux are fundamentally different from all the war movies that preceded them.
E) It demonstrates that war movies have changed to reflect the more culturally diverse audience.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

Q6)Which one of the following does the author believe is true about The Bridge on the River Kwai?
A: It deserved the awards that it won.
B: It is a more intelligent and well-crafted movie than The Green Berets.
C: It was the first movie to portray the moral confusion of war.
D: Its portrayal of war is more ambivalent than that in Guadalcanal Diary.
E: It was more financially successful than any war movie that came before it.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #4 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #5 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #6 OA

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05 Nov 2012, 09:20
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5. What is the function of the last paragraph of the
passage?
< It shows that, despite changes in the industry and
audience, the pattern discussed still exists.
< It points out that the film industry never changes.
< It shows that changes in the film industry and its
audience have made the pattern previously discussed
obsolete.
< It discusses how Jarhead and Apocalypse Now Redux
are fundamentally different from all the war movies
that preceded them.
< It demonstrates that war movies have changed to
reflect the more culturally diverse audience.

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05 Nov 2012, 10:40
1) B
2) C
3) D
4) A
5) A
6) D

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05 Nov 2012, 11:02
C E D C A D

Please provide OA. really good passage. tough
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05 Nov 2012, 11:04
[Reveal] Spoiler:

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05 Nov 2012, 11:17
Only one wrong is really good , especially for MGMAT passage that are tougher than real gmat RC style passage.

that say, I know why the first is wrong. You can understand B one and only you understand that apocalypse now redux is carved in a logic counter cycle, otherwise saying more prone to pacifism than belligerant.

If someone wants explanations, feel free to ask

Thanks for the passage. + 1 kudos
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30 Nov 2012, 03:43
carcass wrote:
Only one wrong is really good , especially for MGMAT passage that are tougher than real gmat RC style passage.

that say, I know why the first is wrong. You can understand B one and only you understand that apocalypse now redux is carved in a logic counter cycle, otherwise saying more prone to pacifism than belligerant.

If someone wants explanations, feel free to ask

Thanks for the passage. + 1 kudos

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Re: Film scholars agree that Hollywood portrayals of America at [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2014, 05:21
Hi,
Please explain the first question and last para of the passage ,I chose ans. to 1st ques. as 'A' .I am unable to understand why 'B' is right.
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Re: Film scholars agree that Hollywood portrayals of America at [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2015, 07:43
Made a mistake in the first question. Nice passage.
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Re: Film scholars agree that Hollywood portrayals of America at [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2015, 22:45
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carcass wrote:
Only one wrong is really good , especially for MGMAT passage that are tougher than real gmat RC style passage.

that say, I know why the first is wrong. You can understand B one and only you understand that apocalypse now redux is carved in a logic counter cycle, otherwise saying more prone to pacifism than belligerant.

If someone wants explanations, feel free to ask

Thanks for the passage. + 1 kudos

Apocalypse Now as compared to other conventional war movies doesn't glorify war but rather brings out the complexity of the war, the added footage according to the producers would have repelled the audiences. So B seems right here since it would make the war less glorious and even more complex. I though would have gone with option E if it had the words "Added footage" instead of "Removed footage" since that option uses "less appealing" which is can be directly sourced back to the passage "additional footage that the producers originally thought would repel audiences. "

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Re: Film scholars agree that Hollywood portrayals of America at [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2015, 03:57
5. What is the function of the last paragraph of the passage?
A) It shows that, despite changes in the industry and audience, the pattern discussed still exists.
B) It points out that the film industry never changes.
C) It shows that changes in the film industry and its audience have made the pattern previously discussed obsolete.
D) It discusses how Jarhead and Apocalypse Now Redux are fundamentally different from all the war movies that preceded them.
E) It demonstrates that war movies have changed to reflect the more culturally diverse audience.

Why E is wrong ?

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Re: Film scholars agree that Hollywood portrayals of America at [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2016, 06:58
carcass wrote:
Only one wrong is really good , especially for MGMAT passage that are tougher than real gmat RC style passage.

that say, I know why the first is wrong. You can understand B one and only you understand that apocalypse now redux is carved in a logic counter cycle, otherwise saying more prone to pacifism than belligerant.

If someone wants explanations, feel free to ask

Thanks for the passage. + 1 kudos

Hello Carcass,
I am having trouble in understanding why option D is wrong in Q4. Would be great if you can help me understand it.
Thanks,
Devansh

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Re: Film scholars agree that Hollywood portrayals of America at [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2016, 09:06
Boosting this post to see if anyone can explain question 1 to me. I got C for my answer. carcass any thoughts?

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Re: Film scholars agree that Hollywood portrayals of America at [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2016, 23:41
Took 9 mins 50 seconds , including 3 mins to read
Was in a fix in question 1 and ended up selecting answer C

1. Apocalypse Now Redux and Apocalypse Now were discussed in the final twoparagraphs. In the third paragraph, Apocalypse Now is described as a film that was released years after the conflict it portrayed and had a more complex view of the war. In the last paragraph, Apocalypse Now Redux is presented as further evidence that the pattern discussed in this passage continues. That pattern is that war movies presented less glorified and more layered portrayals when the conflict was further in the past. Thus, the correct answer will note that its perspective was more complex and morally ambiguous.
(B) CORRECT. The last paragraph notes that the extra footage was not orginally included because it might repel audiences. Thus, the updated film's portrayal of war must be less appealing and more ambiguous than that of the original.
(C) This choice indicates a change in the opposite direction; the last paragraph indicates that the additional footage made the film's perspective on war harsher as opposed to more glorified.

2. The theme of the passage is that the glories of war were emphasized in films made during the conflict but questioned in those made years afterward. In the
second paragraph, All Quiet on the Western Front is cited as an example from the latter category. Therefore, its portrayal of combat would have the least in
common with a film made during a conflict.

(E) CORRECT. In both the second and third paragraphs, Guadalcanal Diary ismentioned as a film made in wartime. In the second paragraph, it is listed as an
example of a film that portrayed the “’the ultimate sacrifice’ as a noble and undoubted good.” In contrast, the first paragraph states that “All Quiet on the
Western Front put forth an anti-war message by displaying the horrors of combat.” Thus, Guadalcanal Diary must be the portrayal of combat that least resembles that in
All Quiet on the Western Front.

3.
The second sentence of the second paragraph reads “After America declaredwar against Germany during World War I, the still infant film industry glorified
the fight against “the Hun.” Thus, it must follow that the Germans are referred to by that name. GMAT inferences generally follow directly from the text of
the passage.

(D) CORRECT. Since the passage states that America declared war on Germany, it must follow that the Germans were “the Hun” against whom America was fighting.

4.
The passage clearly enunciates in the first paragraph that it plans to illustrate the cyclical pattern of the tone of Hollywood war movies. The second and third
paragraphs trace the pattern's history through the last century, and then the passage ends by returning to the resilience of that cycle. Thus, the main point
of the passage must reference establishing and describing the recurring pattern over time.

5.
The last paragraph begins by noting that the changes in the industry and audience have not changed the pattern discussed. The paragraph ends by
stating that this aspect of the film industry, that is, the pattern discussed, remains intact. The correct answer should reflect this point.

6.
In the second paragraph, The Bridge on the River Kwai is mentioned as a post-WWII example of the continuing pattern of war movies becoming more
ambivalent years after the conflict. The phrases “once again” and “for example” highlight this. In the third paragraph, the movie is again mentioned as an example of
a more complex view of war. Thus, the correct answer must follow from these points.

(D) CORRECT. The third paragraph states that Guadalcanal Diary was much closer in tone to The Green Berets and contrasts those two to The Bridge on the River
Kwai. This contrast is in terms of the greater ambivalence and moral confusion shown in The Bridge on the River Kwai.
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Film scholars agree that Hollywood portrayals of America at [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2016, 05:45
Got only Q2 wrong. I chose C. Missed the word "least".
Should pay more attention!
Great passage by the way.
Though I am very bad at 700+ RC, this passage seems easier to me.

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Re: Film scholars agree that Hollywood portrayals of America at [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2017, 02:58
11 minutes 40
all correct. .
Had enjoyed doing the RC +kudos for post

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Re: Film scholars agree that Hollywood portrayals of America at   [#permalink] 25 Apr 2017, 02:58
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