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Finance Minister: Economic disparities, which had been growing in our

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Finance Minister: Economic disparities, which had been growing in our  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 01:20
1
4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

87% (01:20) correct 13% (01:43) wrong based on 125 sessions

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Finance Minister: Economic disparities, which had been growing in our country for the past few decades, have been effectively controlled by the new policies that the government implemented in the last ten years. Families from the lower economic strata who could earlier not afford to pay for basic necessities such as primary education and healthcare can now afford them easily.

The minister’s claim relies on the assumption that

A. wealthy families take primary education and healthcare services from the same institutions as families from the lower economic strata
B. families from the lower economic strata have now become wealthy
C. affordability of basic necessities by families from the lower economic strata is an acceptable sign of reduced disparities
D. the primary education and healthcare services have not undergone any cost increase in the last decade
E. improvement in affordability of families from the lower economic strata is not limited to primary education and healthcare

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Re: Finance Minister: Economic disparities, which had been growing in our  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 01:32
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C - if affordability of basic necessities is not a indication of reduced disparity then the statement falls apart.
So....IMO... OPTION C

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Re: Finance Minister: Economic disparities, which had been growing in our  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 02:06
Pre thinking:
Minister states that economic disparities have been controlled post implementation of new policies. Gives an example of low economic strata families. We need to look for an option which links both of them


A. wealthy families take primary education and healthcare services from the same institutions as families from the lower economic strata
- Incorrect.The argument is talking about having basic needs and not about equalling wealthy people
B. families from the lower economic strata have now become wealthy
- Incorrect. Same reason as A
C. affordability of basic necessities by families from the lower economic strata is an acceptable sign of reduced disparities
- Correct. This is inline with our pre thinking. If you negate this then the conclusion will shatter
D. the primary education and healthcare services have not undergone any cost increase in the last decade
- Incorrect. These services not undergoing any cost increase doesn't suggest that economic disparities have reduced.
E. improvement in affordability of families from the lower economic strata is not limited to primary education and healthcare
- Incorrect. This doesn't shatter the conclusion when negated.

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Re: Finance Minister: Economic disparities, which had been growing in our  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 04:24

Premise

Families from the lower economic strata who could earlier not afford to pay for basic necessities such as primary education and healthcare can now afford them easily.

Conclusion

Economic disparities have been effectively controlled by the new policies that the government implemented in the last ten years.

Assumption

The answer choice which bridges the gap between the premise and the conclusion within the context of the information provided.
aragonn wrote:
Finance Minister: Economic disparities, which had been growing in our country for the past few decades, have been effectively controlled by the new policies that the government implemented in the last ten years. Families from the lower economic strata who could earlier not afford to pay for basic necessities such as primary education and healthcare can now afford them easily.

The minister’s claim relies on the assumption that

A. wealthy families take primary education and health care services from the same institutions as families from the lower economic strata.
This answer choice misses the easily affordable aspect from the information.

B. families from the lower economic strata have now become wealthy.
Even if families from lower income strata have become wealthy, the previously wealthier families may have become wealthier still. Not sufficient.

C. affordability of basic necessities by families from the lower economic strata is an acceptable sign of reduced disparities.
Sufficiently bridges the gap between the conclusion and the premise. In addition, mentions affordability as an acceptable sign, exactly what was missing from the information given. Hence this should be the correct assumption.

D. the primary education and health care services have not undergone any cost increase in the last decade.
Same error as option (A).

E. improvement in affordability of families from the lower economic strata is not limited to primary education and healthcare.
The information provided doesn't tell anything other than healthcare and primary education. We cannot be sure of this to be the correct answer.

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Correct answer: Option (C)

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Finance Minister: Economic disparities, which had been growing in our  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 06:57
The best way to solve assumption based CR questions is to negate statements. If the conclusion breakes after negation of some statement then this option is the right option.

C. affordability of basic necessities by families from the lower economic strata is NOT an acceptable sign of reduced disparities - in this case all claims of the Finance Minister do not work. Hense this is the right answer.
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Finance Minister: Economic disparities, which had been growing in our &nbs [#permalink] 22 Jul 2018, 06:57
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