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# First discovered more than 30 years ago

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First discovered more than 30 years ago [#permalink]

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Updated on: 08 Sep 2017, 13:41
1
6
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

59% (00:46) correct 41% (00:57) wrong based on 233 sessions

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NEW Verbal Project - Reposting hardest verbal questions. Kudos for answers and explanation. OA in 48 hours

First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal found in the Philippines and that resembles a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head; a brilliant orange patch, bordered with red tufts, in the center of its breast; and a red eye.

A. found in the Philippines and that resembles
B. found in the Philippines and that, resembling
C. found in the Philippines and resembling
D. that is found in the Philippines and it resembles
E. that is found in the Philippines, resembling

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Originally posted by souvik101990 on 27 Nov 2014, 20:26.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 08 Sep 2017, 13:41, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2014, 07:05
First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal found in the Philippines and that resembles a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head; a brilliant orange patch, bordered with red tufts, in the center of its breast; and a red eye.

A. found in the Philippines and that resembles - That is required before 'found' to maintain parallelism. Moreover, Past participle is made parallel with clause.
B. found in the Philippines and that, resembling - There is no verb for Lina's sunbird. 'Resembling' seems to modify the act of 'discovery'.
C. found in the Philippines and resembling - Correct.
D. that is found in the Philippines and it resembles - 'It' must be 'That'
E. that is found in the Philippines, resembling[/quote] - 'resembling' seems to modify the act of 'found'. Found must acts as past participle or verb-ed modifier. Parallelism should be there.

Correct me if I am wrong in my reasoning.

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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2014, 05:57
Found and resembling are modifiers and parallel..(participles)

IMO C
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2014, 20:51
This is a straight parallelism issue. Choice C provides the most concise answer.

Found and resembling and parallel are the correct answer. Eliminate D as that and it aren't parallel. Eliminate E as its unclear what resembling is modifying. A and B have an extra and unnecessary "that" in the sentence.
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2014, 04:43
souvik101990 wrote:
NEW Verbal Project - Reposting hardest verbal questions. Kudos for answers and explanation. OA in 48 hours

First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal found in the Philippines and that resembles a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head; a brilliant orange patch, bordered with red tufts, in the center of its breast; and a red eye.

A. found in the Philippines and that resembles
B. found in the Philippines and that, resembling
C. found in the Philippines and resembling
D. that is found in the Philippines and it resembles
E. that is found in the Philippines, resembling

IMO the answer should be A, because the correct idiom is 'found that'. the verb 'resembles' is correctly stated in simple present tense.
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2014, 06:37
Yash12345 wrote:
IMO the answer should be A, because the correct idiom is 'found that'. the verb 'resembles' is correctly stated in simple present tense.

Perhaps you might be getting confused with a structure such as:

Yash found that the verb "found" should be followed by conjunction "that".
- This sentence correctly uses found that, because found in found that is a verb.

However, in the sentence under consideration, believe it or not, found is not used as a verb here; it is used as past participle.

Another easy way to eliminate A is that whenever the structure is and that, there is almost always another matching that structure before the and. So, for example, following would have been correct:

....a four-and-a-half-inch animal that is found in the Philippines and that resembles a hummingbird.....

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses a simple 2-step framework of how to differentiate between participles and verbs, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail you the corresponding section.
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Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2017, 10:01
Hi souvik101990,
Please provide the OA of this question.
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2017, 13:47
First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal found in the Philippines and that resembles a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head; a brilliant orange patch, bordered with red tufts, in the center of its breast; and a red eye.

A. found in the Philippines and that resembles - "found" and "that resembles" - parallelism issue
B. found in the Philippines and that, resembling - parallelism issue
C. found in the Philippines and resembling - Correct
D. that is found in the Philippines and it resembles - parallelism issue
E. that is found in the Philippines, resembling - parallelism issue

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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago   [#permalink] 08 Sep 2017, 13:47
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