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First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2016, 07:38
That the past tense in A is the only element that differentiates the answer choice to D is debatable. I chose D because the book still exists and still lays out the foundation of a unified theory today. So the tense doesn't have to match the past "published”.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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Icecream87 wrote:
That the past tense in A is the only element that differentiates the answer choice to D is debatable. I chose D because the book still exists and still lays out the foundation of a unified theory today. So the tense doesn't have to match the past "published”.


Laying of foundation is an event that can happen only at a particular point of time; the action cannot be in simple present tense, i.e., something that regularly happens. Mimesis laid the foundation long time ago; it may still be an important book, but foundation laying was started and completed in the past. Hence past simple is the appropriate tense.

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2016, 10:24
Was between C and D because those were the only ones that were not a sentence fragment regardless if 'lays' is not correct. I went with D but was very iffy on my answer choice. Choice A can not be the right answer without a comma after Auerbach or else it is a sentence fragment. Would have not eliminated A if I saw that comma. Someone should change the answer choice!

Last edited by alpham on 01 Jul 2016, 15:40, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2016, 13:25
alpham wrote:
Was between C and D because those were the only ones that were not a sentence fragment regardless if lays is not not correct. I went with D but was very iffy on my answer choice. Choice A can not be the right answer without a comma after Auerbach or else it is a sentence fragment. Would have not eliminated A if I saw that comma. Someone should change the answer choice!


Corrected the question and the option A. Thank you for pointing out.

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First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2016, 09:31
How can A) be correct? There is no period at the end of the sentence!!!

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2016, 14:19
STEMBusiness wrote:
How can A) be correct? There is no period at the end of the sentence!!!


Valid "point".... corrected.

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2016, 11:54
Damnit. I choose for C, but it's A. Those mistakes are sooooo trickey, hehe!

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2016, 20:01
First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days.

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible
It seems like 'his' is referring to Mimesis which is nonsensical. Thus, I eliminated this option.

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
The treatise was published in 1946 (past), and it laid the foundation of X beginning from very early times to the author's days. Mimesis compares the ways the world appears... is a fact and thus we can use the present tense, but present tense can't be used with foundation when a time period is mentioned. If we were to use present tense then the latter part of the sentence should look like this - and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature. I believe that although this version would have been grammatically correct, it wouldn't have the merit to qualify as the correct answer choice as a vital information - the time period - is missing

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
Commits the same mistake as C does. Lays -> Laid

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
This is not the intended comparison.

Left with Option A.

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2016, 00:14
The explanation given in the thread seems sufficient.
first-published-in-1946-and-comparing-the-ways-the-world-103321.html#p804901
first-published-in-1946-and-comparing-the-ways-the-world-103321-40.html#p1681067

In case there are other queries, please post here and click the "request expert reply" again....... closing the current request.

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2017, 13:00
Could you please explain? I thought it would be correct to have the subject after the comma.

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2017, 01:50
SourabhRoy25 wrote:
Could you please explain? I thought it would be correct to have the subject after the comma.


The subject "Mimesis" is after the comma. Could you elaborate your query? There are two opening modifiers in parallel (joined by "and") referring to the subject - the modifiers are:

1. First published in 1946
2. comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2017, 04:14
Tricky question. C is wrong because verbs keep switching tense. I was going to go with B, but B completely changes the meaning of what the author is trying to say, thus, A is the only possible option.

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2017, 02:12
Thanks for the debrief. Although, 'C' seems logical here, but 'A' takes over all.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2017, 03:37
sayantanc2k wrote:
SourabhRoy25 wrote:
Could you please explain? I thought it would be correct to have the subject after the comma.


The subject "Mimesis" is after the comma. Could you elaborate your query? There are two opening modifiers in parallel (joined by "and") referring to the subject - the modifiers are:

1. First published in 1946
2. comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible


Hi sayantanc2k !

In the non-underlined portion, there is a comma (,) after 1946. Is it just a typo?

Can I eliminate option C because it joins two identities compares the ways... and lays the foundation... by comma + and (, and) ?

Many thanks for your response! :P
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2017, 06:30
leanhdung wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
SourabhRoy25 wrote:
Could you please explain? I thought it would be correct to have the subject after the comma.


The subject "Mimesis" is after the comma. Could you elaborate your query? There are two opening modifiers in parallel (joined by "and") referring to the subject - the modifiers are:

1. First published in 1946
2. comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible


Hi sayantanc2k !

In the non-underlined portion, there is a comma (,) after 1946. Is it just a typo?

Can I eliminate option C because it joins two identities compares the ways... and lays the foundation... by comma + and (, and) ?


Many thanks for your response! :P



GMAT will never test on such small syntax errors. C is wrong as it doesn't have intended meaning. Laying happened in the past when the book was published , so the verb should be 'laid'. comma + and is used to join 2 independent clauses.
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New post 06 May 2017, 11:37
daagh wrote:
Let us just get hold of the gist.

1. A book first - published - in 1946 – a past participle is rightly used.
2. A book is -comparing - something ( even as of today) so a present participle – comparing – is rightly used.
3. Comparison is between the way world appears in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible. Comparison is not between the whole books of Odyssey and Bible.
4. The book laid the foundation for something beginning from early times to his days. - To his days - is the key here, restricting the foundation as something of a past and not applicable at the moment. So the correct expression for this will be a simple past – laid -.

It may be seen that only A fits in

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach – laid - the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days –
Right choice

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible.
Wrong because, comparison should come first and then the laying the foundation

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
wrong

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
wrong

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
E – Compares Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible which alters the intent.


Thanks daagh for the explanation. However, I had a doubt. I am not convinced that 'laid' should be used rather than 'lays'. We are talking about a foundation here. Now, whether the foundation is for a period that has already ended or for a current period, it should ideally have no impact on whether it still continues to lay that foundation or now. It is a fact that the book lays the foundation.

E.g., The book lays down the history of events from 1882 to 1913 sounds correct to me.

Kindly correct if my understanding is wrong. Thank you!

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2017, 09:25
i chose A because of the word laid. and idiom both.. and...

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2017, 05:12
daagh wrote:
Let us just get hold of the gist.

1. A book first - published - in 1946 – a past participle is rightly used.
2. A book is -comparing - something ( even as of today) so a present participle – comparing – is rightly used.
3. Comparison is between the way world appears in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible. Comparison is not between the whole books of Odyssey and Bible.
4. The book laid the foundation for something beginning from early times to his days. - To his days - is the key here, restricting the foundation as something of a past and not applicable at the moment. So the correct expression for this will be a simple past – laid -.

It may be seen that only A fits in

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach – laid - the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days –
Right choice

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible.
Wrong because, comparison should come first and then the laying the foundation

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
wrong

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
wrong

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
E – Compares Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible which alters the intent.


Daagh - question regarding the last bit of the sentence, which says that "The book laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from early times to his days.". I felt that the use of "his" was ambiguous. Since Auerbach sits within a non-essential modifier, and further, "laid" clearly references Mimesis, it sounds like "his" is also referencing Mimesis. Is there a grammar rule that allows us to definitely say that "his" points to Auerbach and not Mimesis?

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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2017, 04:32
jy295 wrote:
Daagh - question regarding the last bit of the sentence, which says that "The book laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from early times to his days.". I felt that the use of "his" was ambiguous. Since Auerbach sits within a non-essential modifier, and further, "laid" clearly references Mimesis, it sounds like "his" is also referencing Mimesis. Is there a grammar rule that allows us to definitely say that "his" points to Auerbach and not Mimesis?


Hi,
I think "his" is not ambiguous because it cannot refer to Mimesis. Mimesis is not a person, it is name of a "treatise" as mentioned in the question.

[Still waiting for response from expert Daagh]

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Re: New Project - First published in 1946, [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2017, 05:58
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First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days correct

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible.

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both , Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days change in meaning

Use of present tense of lay/laying is wrong.

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Re: New Project - First published in 1946,   [#permalink] 04 Jun 2017, 05:58

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