It is currently 23 Jun 2017, 00:11

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, weâ€™ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 29 Nov 2006
Posts: 83
Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jun 2007, 16:34
21
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

68% (01:44) correct 32% (00:50) wrong based on 1219 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global climate.

A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
C. atmosphere that affects
D. atmosphere that is affecting
E. atmosphere as affects
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Manager
Joined: 15 Sep 2006
Posts: 94
Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jun 2007, 20:30
Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global climate.

A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
C. atmosphere that affects
D. atmosphere that is affecting
E. atmosphere as affects

A for me. "Interactions that" correctly modifies the long-term interactions between ocean and atmosphere.
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2004
Posts: 468
Location: united states
Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jun 2007, 22:35
Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global climate.

A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
C. atmosphere that affects
D. atmosphere that is affecting
E. atmosphere as affects

Are you guys sure there is no mistake in this question. What's the source of this question?

A can't be right in my opinion. It would be right if modified as :

Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions, between the ocean and the atmosphere, that affect the global climate.
_________________

for every person who doesn't try because he is
afraid of loosing , there is another person who
keeps making mistakes and succeeds..

Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 900
Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Mar 2011, 19:48
3
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED

Resumptive Modifier
Definition :
A modifier that repeats a key word at the end of a sentence and then adds informative or descriptive details related to that word. E.g

That kind of agentless prose should send up a red flag, a signal that here's a candidate for revision.

rohu27 wrote:
can u plz explain more abt this modifier?
or site a source?

gmat1220 wrote:
This is exactly the patten by which resumptive modifier works. That is the credited answer.

Other choices use with, that, as - all unidiomatic. A it is.
VP
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1412
Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Jan 2013, 09:02
in B
"with ..."
is absolute phase which provide context for the main clause.

if B stands alone, B is logic and grammaticla. B means in the context that the interaction affects the climate, the main clause happen.

but B chang the original meaning and wrong.

og explanation of why B is wrong is not clear.

pls confirm, thank you.
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.
on facebook, my name is: thang thang thang

Director
Joined: 03 Aug 2012
Posts: 893
Concentration: General Management, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Sep 2013, 21:22
3
KUDOS
A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
Absolute phrase tells more about interactions, so perfectly modifying the previous clause.
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
arrays collect and transmit..... with interactions affecting global climate=> awkward.
C. atmosphere that affects
It is not atmosphere but interactions 'that affects'
D. atmosphere that is affecting
Same as (C).
E. atmosphere as affects
Awkward.
_________________

Rgds,
TGC!
_____________________________________________________________________
I Assisted You => KUDOS Please
_____________________________________________________________________________

Manager
Joined: 04 Oct 2013
Posts: 177
GMAT 1: 590 Q40 V30
GMAT 2: 730 Q49 V40
WE: Project Management (Entertainment and Sports)
Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jan 2014, 02:56
2
KUDOS
mohnish104 wrote:
The OA is A guys. The rest of the options are ambiguous.

Ruling out an option because of its ambiguity should, in my humble opinion, be the last resort of a test-taker.

Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on tong- term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, [s]interactions that affect[/] global climate.

(A) atmosphere, interactions that affect
Although not the best answer, it still prevails over the others.
(B) atmosphere, with interactions affecting
with interactions modifies the wrong noun
(C) atmosphere that affects
that modifies atmosphere, conveying the wrong meaning
(D) atmosphere that is affecting
Same as C
(E) atmosphere as affects
The use of as is wrong.
_________________

learn the rules of the game, then play better than anyone else.

Manager
Status: GMAT Instructor
Joined: 23 Jun 2013
Posts: 180
Location: India
GRE 1: 2280 Q790 V710
GPA: 3.3
WE: Editorial and Writing (Education)
Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 May 2014, 11:59
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
"With" is a very versatile word and is used to connote association/possession/manner of action.
For e.g. I eat bread with butter.
With 5 votes already in his kitty, Jimmis sure to win the election.
I eat bread, with butter providing occasional richness.

There is a crucial difference between A and B. B suggests that the "interactions affecting global climate" are different from the "interactions between the earth and the atmosphere". A uses what is called a resumptive modifier to suggest that there is just one type of interactions (in the sentence) and that these interactions have two properties:
1. They occur between the ocean and the atmosphere.
2. They (the same interactions) affect global climate.

You can read A like this:
(Modifier), an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere.
(Additional information about these interactions is that) these interactions affect global climate.

A and B thus mean different things.

_________________

EnterMBA

Senior Manager
Joined: 27 May 2012
Posts: 286
Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 May 2015, 02:06
sannidhya wrote:
Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long term
interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global climate.

A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
C. atmosphere that affects is the interactions that affect global climate.
D. atmosphere that is affecting

A. atmosphere, interactions that affect : Best among the given options.
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting : Verb affect is better than the - ing form affecting.
C. atmosphere that affects: That could wrongly refer to atmosphere rather than interactions , meaning atmosphere affects global climate, but here it is the interactions that affect global climate.
D. atmosphere that is affecting": Same as above.That could wrongly refer to atmosphere rather than interactions , meaning atmosphere affects global climate, but here it is the interactions that affect global climate. Also verb affect is better than - ing form affecting.
E. atmosphere as affects : makes no sense ,first here atmosphere does not affect global climate and secondly the use of as in this context is unidiomatic.
_________________

- Stne

CEO
Joined: 17 Jul 2014
Posts: 2524
Location: United States (IL)
Concentration: Finance, Economics
Schools: Stanford '20
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.92
WE: General Management (Transportation)
Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 May 2015, 07:13
noun + noun modifier correctly used
that after atmosphere modifies atmosphere - not correct
"as" followed by a clause can be used in:
1. comparison - not the case
2. things that happen in the same time - not the case
3. cause-effect - not the case
thus "as" is incorrectly used here.
"with interactions affecting" - changes the meaning, now the sentence implies that along with those interactions, additional ones affect smth..
Intern
Joined: 24 Jul 2016
Posts: 32
Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Aug 2016, 03:11
Hi guys,

1.In A, "interaction that affect..." is modifier as explained, but I saw it as a run on sentence as first, so i ruled it out. Is it a modifier because of the meaning and why can't I see it as a run on sentence?
2.In B, can someone please give me more detail why it is wrong? because "awkwark" is not enough for me to understand. Is it because "with" modify "atmosphere" so it is wrong modifier?

Manager
Joined: 17 Nov 2013
Posts: 183
Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Nov 2016, 06:58
Split1) Modifier. "that" is modifying the word before "atmosphere", so it is wrong. C and D are out. The interatcions are affecting Global climate and not the atmosphere.

Split2) Modifier. "with interactions" modifies "atmosphere", this is incorrect. B is out.

Split3) the use of "as" is wrong in E. It is illogical to read it.
Manager
Joined: 17 Nov 2013
Posts: 183
Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Dec 2016, 17:22
Split1) Modifier. The interatcions are affecting Global climate and not the atmosphere. In C and D => "that" is modifying "atmosphere" => wrong. C and D are out.
Split2) Modifier. The prepositional phrase "with interactions" can modify the entire previous clause or the noun prior => not clear what is intended to modify => B is out.
Split3) the use of "as" is wrong in E => It is illogical to read it, "as affects global climate" functions as and adverb, but there is no verb for it to modify.
Manager
Joined: 17 Feb 2014
Posts: 113
Location: United States (CA)
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35
GMAT 2: 740 Q48 V42
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Apr 2017, 08:46
Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global climate.

Issue: Subject-Verb Agreement | Absolute Phrase

Analysis:
1. This is short underline and we need to make sure that "affect" agrees with plural "interactions" (non-underlined part) and that the meaning is clear

A. atmosphere, interactions that affect

B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
- "affecting" incorrect tense. Changes the meaning

C. atmosphere that affects
- "affects" does not agree with plural "interactions"

D. atmosphere that is affecting
- "is affecting" incorrect tense. Changes the meaning

E. atmosphere as affects
- "as" incorrect
- "affects" does not agree with plural "interactions"

Director
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 973
Location: Malaysia
Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 May 2017, 16:59
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global climate.

A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
C. atmosphere that affects
D. atmosphere that is affecting
E. atmosphere as affects

A few GMAT sentences use a sophisticated modifier called an absolute phrase.

Absolute phrases are composed of a noun plus a noun modifier. These phrases do not have to modify what they touch; rather, they modify the main clause in some way.

The absolute phrase in this sentence, "interactions that affect global climate", is composed of the noun interactions and the noun modifier that affect global climate.

Notice that the noun interactions does not modify atmosphere, the closest noun in the main clause.

_________________

"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

â€śStrength doesnâ€™t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldnâ€™t.â€ť

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Aug 2016
Posts: 444
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V33
Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 May 2017, 03:49
Hi i opted for A .
I got a doubt regarding the usage of that in this question.

If option C were "that affect" instead of "that affects" , would C also be a correct option ?
daagh Sir. ?
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 3962
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 May 2017, 05:05
Top Contributor
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
The first thing is to note that a restrictive pronoun such as 'that' first refers to the noun it touches. If there is no such noun in front, then we have to hunt for some other distant but eligible noun. Since there is a noun, namely, atmosphere in front of that, the relative pronoun does refer to the atmosphere wrongly. Therefore, even if you were to change affects to affect, arguing that after all that refers to the plural data, the choice will still be wrong as per GMT tenets, failing to adhere to the grammatical structure.
_________________

â€śBetter than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacherâ€ť â€“ a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Last edited by daagh on 29 May 2017, 05:57, edited 1 time in total.
Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Aug 2016
Posts: 444
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V33
Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 May 2017, 05:29
daagh wrote:
The first thing is to note that a restrictive pronoun such as 'that' first refers to the noun it touches. If there is no such noun in front, then we have to hunt for some other distant but eligible noun. Since there is a noun, namely, atmosphere in front of that, the relative pronoun does refer to the atmosphere wrongly. Therefore, even if you were to change affects to affect, arguing that after all that refers to the plural data the choice will still be wrong as per GMT tenets, failing to adhere to grammatical structure.

Target gmat against the odds.
Intern
Joined: 02 Mar 2017
Posts: 25
Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jun 2017, 00:22
daagh wrote:
The first thing is to note that a restrictive pronoun such as 'that' first refers to the noun it touches. If there is no such noun in front, then we have to hunt for some other distant but eligible noun. Since there is a noun, namely, atmosphere in front of that, the relative pronoun does refer to the atmosphere wrongly. Therefore, even if you were to change affects to affect, arguing that after all that refers to the plural data, the choice will still be wrong as per GMT tenets, failing to adhere to the grammatical structure.

Dear Sir,

This part of THAT has always confused me. Can you help? I came across a question from Gmat prep, in which THAT apparently is not modifying the closest noun. ( To avoid making a new copy of the question- I am just copying the question stem):

For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to personify devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

Before this question I had an understanding that only a non restrictive ( non-vital ) modifier and a noun can be separated by a restricted modifier. But after this question I had to make peace with another fact that Restrictive modifier can be separated from its noun by another restricted modifier ( in the name of progress modifying "devastation and enslavement"; Between the ocean and atmosphere is modifying the kind of "interactions").

I hope I was able to put forward my doubt.
Senior Manager
Status: "Ask, and it will be given you. Seek, and you will find. Knock, and it will be opened for you.
Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Posts: 276
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GRE 1: 314 Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE: Manufacturing and Production (Manufacturing)
Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jun 2017, 07:50
Imo A
The part after comma is actually a modifier and has correct Subject and Verb relation .
Interactions are plural.
Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array   [#permalink] 22 Jun 2017, 07:50
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 A nuclear test explosion was detonated recently in the Pacific Ocean, 1 15 Feb 2017, 23:59
23 Floating in the upper layer of the atmosphere, a group of 6 10 Aug 2016, 00:03
7 Floating in the upper layer of the atmosphere, a group of 10 09 Jul 2014, 13:35
3 An array of tax incentives has led to a boom in the 5 20 Feb 2017, 13:51
1 An array of tax incentives has led to a boom in the 7 23 Sep 2015, 11:40
Display posts from previous: Sort by