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Florida will gain another quarter-million jobs this year

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Joined: 27 Sep 2010
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Florida will gain another quarter-million jobs this year [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2011, 00:13
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Florida will gain another quarter-million jobs this year alone, many of them in high-paying fields like electronics and banking, making the state’s economy far more diversified than ten years ago.

(A) high-paying fields like electronics and banking, making the state’s economy far more diversified than
(B) high-paying fields like electronics and banking, and making the state’s economy far more diversified than its economy
(C) high-paying fields such as electronics and banking, to make the state’s economy far more diversified than
(D) such high-paying fields as electronics and banking, making the state’s economy far more diversified than it was
(E) such high-paying fields as electronics and banking, and make the state’s economy far more diversified than it was

Why not C??
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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02 Jan 2011, 01:19
niraj92 wrote:
Florida will gain another quarter-million jobs this year alone, many of them in high-paying fields like electronics and banking, making the state’s economy far more diversified than ten years ago.

(A) high-paying fields like electronics and banking, making the state’s economy far more diversified than
(B) high-paying fields like electronics and banking, and making the state’s economy far more diversified than its economy
(C) high-paying fields such as electronics and banking, to make the state’s economy far more diversified than
(D) such high-paying fields as electronics and banking, making the state’s economy far more diversified than it was
(E) such high-paying fields as electronics and banking, and make the state’s economy far more diversified than it was

Why not C??

High paying fields "like" electronics is wrong. "Like" is used to refer to things that are similar in nature, while "such as" is used to list examples. So you can eliminate options A, B and C.

Between D and E, the "making state's economy" is a result of the first part of the statement, and hence you should keep it as a modifier rather than change it to "and make". Thus the right answer is D.

And C is wrong because of multiple reasons - use of infinitive and the last word "than" - the state's economy is far more diversified than the economy ten years ago. You can't just use "than" because that would compare the state's economy to "ten years ago" which is meaningless. Only objects of similar nature can be compared.

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04 Jan 2011, 05:44
whiplash2411 wrote:
niraj92 wrote:
Florida will gain another quarter-million jobs this year alone, many of them in high-paying fields like electronics and banking, making the state’s economy far more diversified than ten years ago.

(A) high-paying fields like electronics and banking, making the state’s economy far more diversified than
(B) high-paying fields like electronics and banking, and making the state’s economy far more diversified than its economy
(C) high-paying fields such as electronics and banking, to make the state’s economy far more diversified than
(D) such high-paying fields as electronics and banking, making the state’s economy far more diversified than it was
(E) such high-paying fields as electronics and banking, and make the state’s economy far more diversified than it was

Why not C??

High paying fields "like" electronics is wrong. "Like" is used to refer to things that are similar in nature, while "such as" is used to list examples. So you can eliminate options A, B and C.

Between D and E, the "making state's economy" is a result of the first part of the statement, and hence you should keep it as a modifier rather than change it to "and make". Thus the right answer is D.

And C is wrong because of multiple reasons - use of infinitive and the last word "than" - the state's economy is far more diversified than the economy ten years ago. You can't just use "than" because that would compare the state's economy to "ten years ago" which is meaningless. Only objects of similar nature can be compared.

Agree that D may be right but why have you pointed out that "use of infinitive" is wrong. What is the problem of having an infinitive there ?Please explain
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04 Jan 2011, 17:30
Read the sentence without the modifier - "to make" slightly twists the meaning of the sentence. "making" indicates a more direct causal relationship. I'm not sure how to explain this in technical terms, so let me get back to you on that.

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05 Jan 2011, 05:43
When we say that Florida will gain quarter million jobs ………to make the state’s economy far more diversified than….., we are saying that Florida is going to make he economy more diversified, which is not the intent of the text. It is the gain of the jobs that is going to turn the economy more diversified. Hence the use of the infinitive ‘to make’ alters the meaning, by shifting the focus from gain of jobs to Florida. By employing the participial modifier, ‘making’, and thus by referring to the entire process lying before, the shift is avoided.
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Re: Florida will gain another quarter-million jobs this year [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2013, 03:40
Can anyone explain what is exactly wrong with E?? ...

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Re: Florida will gain another quarter-million jobs this year [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2013, 06:44
roopika2990 wrote:
Can anyone explain what is exactly wrong with E?? ...

E is wrong in the sense that it removes the cause and effect relationship by introducing and. And introduce two different aspects of Florida's gain in jobs
-ing modifier keeps intact the causation.
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Re: Florida will gain another quarter-million jobs this year   [#permalink] 20 Jan 2013, 06:44
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