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Focused on the orphans deserted by their parents and dropped

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Experts' Global Representative
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Joined: 10 Jul 2017
Posts: 1577
Location: India
GMAT Date: 11-01-2019
Re: Focused on the orphans deserted by their parents and dropped  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2020, 05:50
Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-

daagh wrote:
Focused on the orphans deserted by their parents and dropped along the gutters of the city of Kolkata, Mother Theresa founded the Missionaries of Charities, winning the Nobel Peace Prize.

(A) Focused on the orphans deserted by their parents and dropped along the gutters of the city of Kolkata, Mother Theresa founded the Missionaries of Charities, winning the Nobel Peace Prize

(B) Mother Theresa, focused on the orphans deserted by their parents and dropped along the gutters of the city of Kolkata, founded the Missionaries of Charities and won the Nobel Peace Prize

(C) Mother Theresa focused on the orphans deserted by their parents and dropped along the gutters of the city of Kolkata, founded the Missionaries of Charities, winning the Nobel Peace Prize

(D) Mother Theresa founded the Missionaries of Charities, focusing on the orphans deserted by their parents and dropped along the gutters of the city of Kolkata, winning the Noble Peace Prize

(E) Founding the Missionaries of Charities, and focusing on the orphans deserted by their parents and dropped along the gutters of the city of Kolkata, Mother Theresa won the Nobel Peace Prize


Choice A: This answer choice places information vital to the sentence between two commas; the phrase "Mother Theresa founded the Missionaries of Charities" is placed between two commas, and if it is removed the resulting sentence reads "Focused on the orphans deserted by their parents and dropped along the gutters of the city of Kolkata, winning the Nobel Peace Prize". As this sentence is clearly incomplete, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice B: This answer choice conveys the intended meaning of the sentence, maintains parallelism, and is quite concise. Thus, this answer choice is correct.

Choice C: This answer choice suffers from several distinct errors. The phrase "winning the Nobel Peace Prize" is a modifier that has been incorrectly included in a list of actions, including "focused" and "founded"; this inclusion leads to a parallelism break between "focused" and "founded" and "winning". There is also a subtle shift in meaning in this sentence; the intended meaning of the sentence is that Mother Theresa was focused on the orphans and driven by this quality, she founded the Missionaries of Charities and won the Noble Peace Prize. What this answer choice conveys is that Mother Theresa took the action of focusing on the orphans and took the separate action of founding the Missionaries of Charities; this action then led to her winning the Noble Peace Prize. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice D: This answer choice also implies that Mother Theresa focused on orphans as part of the act of founding the Missionaries of Charities, through the phrase "Mother Teresa founded..., focusing on the orphans". Additionally, the phrase "winning the Noble Peace Prize" is incorrectly used to modify "focusing on the orphans..."; these two verb phrases are both subordinate modifying phrases to "Mother Theresa founded the Missionaries of Charities" and should be joined by the conjunction "and". Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice E: This answer choice describes the acts of founding the Missionaries of Charity and focusing on the orphans as two separate activities that led to Mother Teresa winning the Noble Peace Prize, rather than describing the latter as being a driving factor of the former. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Hence, B is the best answer choice.

To understand the concept of "Extra Information Between Two Commas on GMAT", you may want to watch the following video (~1 minute):



All the best!
Experts' Global Team
_________________
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Focused on the orphans deserted by their parents and dropped   [#permalink] 23 Jan 2020, 05:50

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