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Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic

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Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic [#permalink]

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Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and participation, Lakeview's election board claimed that the increased participation in its precinct resulted from the new busing campaign that brought many voters to their neighborhood polling station on Election Day.

Which of the following, if it could be carried out, would be most useful in an evaluation of Lakeview's assessment of the causes of the increased voter participation in its precinct?

A. Determining the average increase in voter participation in each neighborhood of Lakeview.

B. Using polling data to predict the participation rates for the upcoming election in Lakeview's precinct.

C. Comparing the total number of voters participating when the busing campaign brought them to their neighborhood polling station to the total number of voters participating before the busing campaign.

D. Comparing the increase in voter participation in Lakeview to the increase in participation in precincts demographically similar to Lakeview that did not implement busing campaigns.

E. Comparing the long-term impact of the busing campaign on Lakeview's voter registration patterns with the short-term impact of the busing campaign on Lakeview's voter participation.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2013, 19:52
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Went for D. got a little confused with c and d but chose d as c states the same thing stated in premise.
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Re: Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2013, 20:06
Imo c
Before the busing campaign stats wi directly tell us how the busing campaign helped in increased participation.

Option D lacks the direct impact

OA please

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Re: Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2013, 20:12
The OE (Veritas Prep)

Correct Answer: D

The comparison suggested in D would be useful in evaluating Lakeview's assessment of the causes of the increase in its voter participation. If the increase in voting is as great in precincts that are, except for the existence of busing campaigns, demographically similar to Lakeview, then the conclusion is undermined. However, if the increase in participation is not as great in such precincts as in Lakeview, the election board's claim is supported. Thus, choice D is the best answer. Choices A and B are both inappropriate because they concern only the rates of participation, and do not assess a hypothesis of the causes of participation. Choices C and E suggest comparisons that would not assess the election board's claim about this election. Rather, choices C and E suggest comparisons of separate elections within Lakeview, where factors other than the busing campaign may cause different rates of participation.

But I'm still not convinced as to why C is incorrect.

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Re: Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2013, 20:25
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Actualy after reading d again it does make sense.
It directly talks about increased participation rather than total number as in option C.
Moreover it also covers the affect of excluding busing campaigns which was the basic premise I chose C in must place.

I don't think C is wrong but D is better

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Re: Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2014, 17:19
I think A suits the best. And I can even explain that.

Which of the following, if it could be carried out, would be most useful in an evaluation of Lakeview's assessment of the causes of the increased voter participation in its precinct?

Isn't option A doing it the best?

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Re: Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic [#permalink]

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gauravkaushik8591 wrote:
I think A suits the best. And I can even explain that.

Which of the following, if it could be carried out, would be most useful in an evaluation of Lakeview's assessment of the causes of the increased voter participation in its precinct?

Isn't option A doing it the best?


If had elected option A, the question would have been: "which...would be most useful in an evaluation of Lakeview's assessment of the effects of the increased voter participation in its precincts.?

Clearly, this is a causal problem and the evaluate question stem requires us to find the answer that is most apt to support or weaken the conclusion.

A) Determining the average increase in voter participation in each neighborhood of Lakeview. An average increasing by a lot or just some indicates little about the busing campaign. For example, what if one precinct increased by 1000 percent while another precinct increased by 1/2 percent? That doesn't explain much, but begs the question - what in fact brought the increase in voters?

D) Comparing the increase in voter participation in Lakeview to the increase in participation in precincts demographically similar to Lakeview that did not implement busing campaigns.
Comparing precinct with buses and comparing precinct without buses is a purer choice. If the precinct without buses brought as many voters as the precinct with buses, then the busing campaign wasn't the cause in the increase of voters. Perhaps it was the candidate himself or herself.

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Re: Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic [#permalink]

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Could anyone please elaborate why C is incorrect here?

Thanks!
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Cheers
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Re: Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic [#permalink]

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jlgdr wrote:
Could anyone please elaborate why C is incorrect here?

Thanks!
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Cheers
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Hi Jgldr

My line of reasoning is : Option C only gives the difference the busing campaign made in terms of numbers but did not give any reason (cause) as to why it increased. However, option D gives the reason by comparing it with other similar setting.

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Re: Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2014, 03:04
tusharGupta1 wrote:
jlgdr wrote:
Could anyone please elaborate why C is incorrect here?

Thanks!
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Hi Jgldr

My line of reasoning is : Option C only gives the difference the busing campaign made in terms of numbers but did not give any reason (cause) as to why it increased. However, option D gives the reason by comparing it with other similar setting.


hello,
what if the facilities in other demographically similar city are hopeless,or what if their politicians are hopeless or that city is under terror threat..there are many excuses for the people not voting although being demographically similar..i agree with ua explanation about C but couldnt understand y D is rite..
please clarify whether m thinking in right direction..
thankx :)
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Re: Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2014, 11:22
Question stem -
Which of the following, if it could be carried out, would be most useful in an evaluation of Lakeview's assessment of the causes of the increased voter participation in its precinct?
C - just a comparison of numbers ( with bus or without bus) won't help much to assess the cause
D - if the participation rate in precincts demographically similar to Lakeview that did not implement busing campaigns is higher, the bus campaigned failed. If lower, the campaign was successful and if equal, the campaign was useless.
D helps to "assess the causes" of the increased participation.

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Re: Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic [#permalink]

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First of all, we know there was "a state-wide boom in voter registration and participation." We don't get any info about this, but SOMETHING caused a big increase throughout the state. Now, Lakeview said its huge increase was primarily due not to this SOMETHING (whatever it was) but to their busing program. Are job is to evaluate --- did buses really make the big difference in Lakeview? Or did the same SOMETHING that affected the rest of the state also affect Lakeview, and then, the highly motivated voters just happened to get on buses to get where they wanted to go? That's what we need to decide.

C) Comparing the total number of voters participating when the busing campaign brought them to their neighborhood polling station to the total number of voters participating before the busing campaign.
Well, this would tell us that there was an increase (which we know already), but it would do less to elucidate the reason for the increase. If the busing campaign and the statewide surge in voters happened around the same time (which the argument seems to suggest), then if the increase happened right then, we wouldn't know to which cause to attribute it. Knowing this would not necessarily help us at all. This is not correct.

D) Comparing the increase in voter participation in Lakeview to the increase in participation in precincts demographically similar to Lakeview that did not implement busing campaigns.
This is very helpful. Apparently, every town in the state saw an increase in voters, due to the statewide SOMETHING. If Lakeview increased no more than any other town, it wouldn't make sense to give Lakeview's increase a totally different explanation; instead, what caused everyplace else to increase also caused Lakeview to increase. On the other hand, if Lakeview had an increase that was considerably larger than comparable towns, that would call for an explanation that was unique to Lakeview: i.e. the busing campaign. This would be a crucial set of facts to determine. This is the correct answer to the question.
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Re: Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2015, 12:39
manugmat123 wrote:
Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and participation, Lakeview's election board claimed that the increased participation in its precinct resulted from the new busing campaign that brought many voters to their neighborhood polling station on Election Day.

Which of the following, if it could be carried out, would be most useful in an evaluation of Lakeview's assessment of the causes of the increased voter participation in its precinct?

Determining the average increase in voter participation in each neighborhood of Lakeview.

Using polling data to predict the participation rates for the upcoming election in Lakeview's precinct.

Comparing the total number of voters participating when the busing campaign brought them to their neighborhood polling station to the total number of voters participating before the busing campaign.

Comparing the increase in voter participation in Lakeview to the increase in participation in precincts demographically similar to Lakeview that did not implement busing campaigns.

Comparing the long-term impact of the busing campaign on Lakeview's voter registration patterns with the short-term impact of the busing campaign on Lakeview's voter participation.


This one is not so easy!!

On re-reading the argument , it becomes clear that there has been a STATE WIDE BOOM in voter registration and participation.
However, the Lakeview's election board thinks that the INCREASED participation and registration has been CAUSED by the BUSING campaign.

Two things happened in Lakeview- STATEWIDE BOOM (General trend all over ) +BUSING, still the election board thinks that BUSING was the cause .

The difference between OTHER STATES and LAKEVIEW is the BUSING campaign.

D makes the comparison with other states and will be useful in knowing was the busing campaign really the cause OR the increased participation was result of a GNERAL TREND -STATEWIDE BOOM.

Hope the above helps!!

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Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2016, 11:34
Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and participation, Lakeview's election board claimed that the increased participation in its precinct resulted from the new busing campaign that brought many voters to their neighborhood polling station on Election Day.

Which of the following, if it could be carried out, would be most useful in an evaluation of Lakeview's assessment of the causes of the increased voter participation in its precinct?

A. Determining the average increase in voter participation in each neighborhood of Lakeview.............This helps to analyse the result not cause.

B. Using polling data to predict the participation rates for the upcoming election in Lakeview's precinct...........future prediction can help evaluate the election happened in past.

C. Comparing the total number of voters participating when the busing campaign brought them to their neighborhood polling station to the total number of voters participating before the busing campaign.............this can help us but this can be similar to A. Contains info reg data but not the cause.

D. Comparing the increase in voter participation in Lakeview to the increase in participation in precincts demographically similar to Lakeview that did not implement busing campaigns.................Looks like we cannot apply scenario of other place to Lakeview. The conditions and circumstances can be different. but this is the only option which speaks sth related to the cause.

E. Comparing the long-term impact of the busing campaign on Lakeview's voter registration patterns with the short-term impact of the busing campaign on Lakeview's voter participation.OFS
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Re: Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 22:09
WaterFlowsUp wrote:
First of all, we know there was "a state-wide boom in voter registration and participation." We don't get any info about this, but SOMETHING caused a big increase throughout the state. Now, Lakeview said its huge increase was primarily due not to this SOMETHING (whatever it was) but to their busing program. Are job is to evaluate --- did buses really make the big difference in Lakeview? Or did the same SOMETHING that affected the rest of the state also affect Lakeview, and then, the highly motivated voters just happened to get on buses to get where they wanted to go? That's what we need to decide.

C) Comparing the total number of voters participating when the busing campaign brought them to their neighborhood polling station to the total number of voters participating before the busing campaign.
Well, this would tell us that there was an increase (which we know already), but it would do less to elucidate the reason for the increase. If the busing campaign and the statewide surge in voters happened around the same time (which the argument seems to suggest), then if the increase happened right then, we wouldn't know to which cause to attribute it. Knowing this would not necessarily help us at all. This is not correct.

D) Comparing the increase in voter participation in Lakeview to the increase in participation in precincts demographically similar to Lakeview that did not implement busing campaigns.
This is very helpful. Apparently, every town in the state saw an increase in voters, due to the statewide SOMETHING. If Lakeview increased no more than any other town, it wouldn't make sense to give Lakeview's increase a totally different explanation; instead, what caused everyplace else to increase also caused Lakeview to increase. On the other hand, if Lakeview had an increase that was considerably larger than comparable towns, that would call for an explanation that was unique to Lakeview: i.e. the busing campaign. This would be a crucial set of facts to determine. This is the correct answer to the question.



That`s right

"a state-wide boom in voter registration and participation." is the clue for eliminating C.

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Re: Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2017, 08:41
suntwin wrote:
Imo c
Before the busing campaign stats wi directly tell us how the busing campaign helped in increased participation.

Option D lacks the direct impact

OA please

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C only tells you whether there was an increase in voter participation, or rather the magnitude of the increase. C doesn't tell you what caused the increase in voter participation. Knowing the magnitude of the increase doesn't help us in evaluating the claim that the busing campaign caused the increase. It doesn't eliminate possible correlation without causation.

D however does that.

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Re: Following a state-wide boom in voter registration and partic   [#permalink] 10 Nov 2017, 08:41
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