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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed,

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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, a high degree of both international accord and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country must be sustained. A total blockade of Patria's ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

The claims above, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria's ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria's ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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courtdancer wrote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to
succeed, a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained. A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which
of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.


would anyone kindly give me an explanation about this question?
better analyse each choice,thanks so much


Good call USCTrojan2006, Amit and Akshat...
Let me point out an important concept used in this question - that of necessary conditions.

Premises:
- International accord and ability to prevent goods from moving are necessary for a trade embargo to succeed.
- A total blockade of Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo (to prevent goods from moving)
- but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

Two conditions are necessary for embargo to be successful. One of these conditions, if met, is likely to make the other condition fail.

What can I conclude without looking at the options?
That trade embargo in Patria is likely to fail.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.

We cannot conclude whether opinion will favor Patria.

(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.

No. We need to block the ports too if we want the embargo to succeed. International opinion is not enough.

(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.

No information about the effectiveness of naval blockade.

(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
Got it!

(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.

We don't know what will ensure successful blockade. We just know that blockade is likely to cause discord.
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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TomB wrote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, a high degree of both international accord and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country must be sustained. A total blockade of Patria's ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?


Question Stem
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?
Inference Question. So the answer MUST BE TRUE.

Argument
For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, a high degree of both international accord and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country must be sustained. A total blockade of Patria's ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

My Understanding of the Argument
Successful Trade Embargo needs both 1) high degree of international accord 2) ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country.
BUT blocking Paricia's ports is likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

Pre-thinking
Embargo may not be successful in Patricia

Answer Choices
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade
INCORRECT ANSWER - Whether the balance of opinion will favor or not favor is not discussed in the passage. Out of Scope

(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
INCORRECT ANSWER - Two conditions are necessary for an embargo. In this option, nothing about the condition 2 (ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country) is mentioned

(C) A naval blockade of Patria's ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
INCORRECT ANSWER - Not Sure if sea is only way in which goods enter Patricia . Goods could enter the country through other routes as well. We can not say that this is true.

(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
CORRECT ANSWER - As the trade blockade would like to cause international discord (which is condition 1 for an embargo to be successful), there is a likelihood that the embargo will fail at some point in time

(E) For a blockade of Patria's ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.
INCORRECT ANSWER - "unanimous" - nothing mentioned. May be a majority would do. The passage does not lead us to believe this option
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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First of all, we need to know that it is an infer question. (Yippe! Half way done!) :-D

Premise1: Two actions (international accord + preventing goods from moving in or out of banned country) are NECESSARY for success of embargo.
Premise2: The actions will result in an outcome that will defeat one of the two action which is necessary for the outcome.

Read as: The actions will result in an outcome (total blockade) that (by causing international discord) will defeat one of the two action (international accord) which is necessary for the outcome.

Use 'Prethinking for CR' (a term coined by e-gmat)
Logic says that when the prerequisites for an action is killed by outcome of the action, the action may not survive. So, an Embargo which is defeating its NECESSARY requisites will be eventually fail. :idea:

We already know the answer at this stage. Still let us check the options

A. 'Shell game' (a term coined by GMAT CR Bible Book)
This is tempting. Our real world knowledge sways away to think that embargo is bad. So, if an embargo fails, it may be favouring Patria!
Wait! Wait ! Wait! What if embargo caused a regime change in Patria and this event paved way for a meritocratic system of governance influence by theory of Übermensch! And then like Germany, Patria became a powerful nation! In this case, embargo might help Patria!! :panel

Am I introducing my personal judgement that embargo is bad? If yes... that is bad habit for CR. Beware! :peek

B. P2 says that international discord will arise. This option negates my P2. At the most, this option create a P3. But in that case also, the argument is left bare without any conclusion/inference. :idea:

C. At the most, the option can serve as definition of embargo and may serve as Premise3. Still no sign of conclusion 'shore' for my 'logic ship'. :(

D. Logical syllogism says that Embargo will fail. This is exactly what we want! :yes

E. In the light of premise1 and 2, this option is self defeating. P2: If blockade is successful, international discord will arise. So, international opinion can never be unanimous. :beat

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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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I'd go with D. Its because the statement should be a conclusion. The argument is
1. Complete blockage required for trade embargo to succeed.
2. Trying to enforce a complete blockage is likely to create a discorm amongst nations.

The only logical conclusion is that "therefore, a trade embargo against Patria is likely to fail".

Stmts B and E are suggestions for the embargo to succeed, not conclusions.
Stmt A is wrong because the passage doesn't mention that international discord would help Patria.
C is simply a fact. already stated in the arguments, not a conclusion.
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In E, unanimous agreement does not necessarily mean a high degree of cooperation.

Therefore, D.

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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, a high degree of both international accord and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country must be sustained. A total blockade of Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

The claims above, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.

would anyone kindly give me an explanation about this question?
better analyse each choice,thanks so much

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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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k i think i get this question ..

"For a trade embargo against a particular country to
succeed, a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained"----------this is the condtion for success

"A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embarg
o."---------indicates lack of international accord
what can u conclude?
a) you cannot say this for sure --reject
b)lacks the condition ( ability to prevent goods)--so success may or may not be possible
c)cannot say this for sure that this will happen for all we know someone might smuggle the goods--so rejected
d)consider the tone.." likely " indicates that the tone is modest, ---not easy to see this though so this looks ohke
e) too strict ..
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2010, 11:34
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I echo Amit.

Apply the facts to the conclusion, which should reflect those facts.

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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2010, 05:48
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mundasingh123 wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
courtdancer wrote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to
succeed, a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained. A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which
of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.


would anyone kindly give me an explanation about this question?
better analyse each choice,thanks so much


Good call USCTrojan2006, Amit and Akshat...
Let me point out an important concept used in this question - that of necessary conditions.

Premises:
- International accord and ability to prevent goods from moving are necessary for a trade embargo to succeed.
- A total blockade of Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo (to prevent goods from moving)
- but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

Two conditions are necessary for embargo to be successful. One of these conditions, if met, is likely to make the other condition fail.

What can I conclude without looking at the options?
That trade embargo in Patria is likely to fail.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.

We cannot conclude whether opinion will favor Patria.

(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.

No. We need to block the ports too if we want the embargo to succeed. International opinion is not enough.

(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.

No information about the effectiveness of naval blockade.

(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
Got it!

(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.

We don't know what will ensure successful blockade. We just know that blockade is likely to cause discord.

Hi Karisma , i got the question right missed on a few points which you covered very well.Can you also tell what is mean by "International accord ".My line of reasoning was that International accord does not neccesarily mean that all should agree unanimously


A high degree of international accord means that most countries should agree to the decision. But the argument mentions "A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the em
bargo."
So whatever is the level of accord that is needed, is likely to be not received.
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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ugimba wrote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, a high degree of both international accord and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country must be sustained. A total blockade of Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.


My explanation:
A> Out of scope
B>no mention about the blockade is given. Thus, insufficient
C>1. this cannot be a conclusion
2.'naval'-->additional info introduced in a must be true question. Not allowed
D> focus on[color=#ff0000] 'likely'
. Stimulus says that a total blockade is 'likely' to cause discord.Thus, any trade embargo would be likely to fail. Notice, 'at some time' is only given to confuse you folks! :wink:
E> 2 conditions are necessary. therefore, this option is clearly insufficient.
cheers[/color]

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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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ugimba wrote:
nitya34 wrote:
D IMO

just take it this way..

A-->embargo

B-->condn 1(a high degree of both international accord )
and
C-->condn 2(ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country)

As per the passage
For A(embargo) to happen we need both B and C

Now which one strongly supports it?
Obviously D.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.


nitya34,
Thanks for explanation but I am not able to relate your conditions with option D. Can you be a bit more elaborative?

I chose E.. and if possible, can you explain why E is wrong? (E option may be very strong (unanimous opinion) ..?)

Thanks.


Hey,

To add to this - in case it is still useful - indeed D is the correct answer, even though I also chose E.

E is wrong because of the word unanimous. It is true that this word is an exaggeration, but I think that this one really requires you to take it to the limits in order to agree that "unanimous" is that far away from "high degree" of international accord. So, indeed, this is not the correct answer, even though I think it is not wrong. It is just one og the GMAT cases where you really have to take it 100% literal. Anyway, it is what it is!

D is correct, but I found another reason that the one presented by nitya34.
The stem says that the 2 conditions for an embargo to success are:
1) high level of international agreement, and
2) no goods going in and out the country (total blockage)

Now, D says that "Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time". The reason why this is true is that one of the 2 necessary conditions can NEVER happen. Specifically, a total blockage can never happen, as it is stated that "such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo". So, both use th word "likely" and together they delete on of the 2 conditions that MUST BOTH happen for a total blockage to succeed.

CR would be so much fun if you didn't have to do it for the GMAT.... I think I need a large dose of some sort of conentration pills, combined with meditation and a dose of holy spirit insipration; unfortunately, these things are exactly what I would never endorse ... May the force be with us then!

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Re: For a trade embargo [#permalink]

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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, a high degree of both international accord and
ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country must be sustained. A total blockade of Patria’s
ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the
embargo.

The claims above, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.


(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade- nowhere this is stated or implied
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.- it is said that an embargo needs two things international opinion is unanimous and blocking of ports, this is only one. So partially correct.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.-this is more like a fact than a conclusion
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.- the last line confirms this statement. It says any embargo will see international discord.Therefore most likely fail.This is the correct answer.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.- These are two different conditions for the embargo to be successful.

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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2005, 16:10
(D). Blockade will cause international discord. => trade embargo will fail (first sentence)

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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2009, 11:18
D IMO

just take it this way..

A-->embargo

B-->condn 1(a high degree of both international accord )
and
C-->condn 2(ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country)

As per the passage
For A(embargo) to happen we need both B and C

Now which one strongly supports it?
Obviously D.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2009, 12:57
nitya34 wrote:
D IMO

just take it this way..

A-->embargo

B-->condn 1(a high degree of both international accord )
and
C-->condn 2(ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country)

As per the passage
For A(embargo) to happen we need both B and C

Now which one strongly supports it?
Obviously D.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.


nitya34,
Thanks for explanation but I am not able to relate your conditions with option D. Can you be a bit more elaborative?

I chose E.. and if possible, can you explain why E is wrong? (E option may be very strong (unanimous opinion) ..?)

Thanks.

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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2010, 16:27
I'm for D also. but,

'Any trade embargo' in D is still problematic.

Given article (ports, such an action, 'the' embargo) is limited to 'naval' trade.
It seemingly cannot jump to 'Any trade embargo', which includes 'air' or 'land' trade as well.

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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2010, 05:04
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
courtdancer wrote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to
succeed, a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained. A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which
of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.


would anyone kindly give me an explanation about this question?
better analyse each choice,thanks so much


Good call USCTrojan2006, Amit and Akshat...
Let me point out an important concept used in this question - that of necessary conditions.

Premises:
- International accord and ability to prevent goods from moving are necessary for a trade embargo to succeed.
- A total blockade of Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo (to prevent goods from moving)
- but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

Two conditions are necessary for embargo to be successful. One of these conditions, if met, is likely to make the other condition fail.

What can I conclude without looking at the options?
That trade embargo in Patria is likely to fail.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.

We cannot conclude whether opinion will favor Patria.

(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.

No. We need to block the ports too if we want the embargo to succeed. International opinion is not enough.

(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.

No information about the effectiveness of naval blockade.

(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
Got it!

(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.

We don't know what will ensure successful blockade. We just know that blockade is likely to cause discord.

Hi Karisma , i got the question right missed on a few points which you covered very well.Can you also tell what is mean by "International accord ".My line of reasoning was that International accord does not neccesarily mean that all should agree unanimously
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2011, 04:26
'a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained.'

but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embargo.

hence D
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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, a high degree of both international accord and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country must be sustained. A total blockade of Patria's ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria's ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria's ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.

whats wrong with option B.
If international opinion is in favour of blockade of patrias ports , then no damage for international discord and trade embargo is likely to succeed

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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed,   [#permalink] 28 Feb 2012, 12:16

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