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# For all their significant differences, these philosophers

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Intern
Joined: 14 Apr 2013
Posts: 12
Re: For all their significant differences, these philosophers  [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2017, 08:04
Hi.. I think In states governed by consent of the governed imply that the author is talking about democracy in the first paragraph.
And thats how we can deduce the answer

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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4486
Re: For all their significant differences, these philosophers  [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2017, 13:10
goforgmat wrote:
Hi Mike,

I am still not able to deduce the answer through the passage given. We will need to bring outside knowledge to deduce this based on your explanation above. Please let me know if i have understood it otherwise.

Dear goforgmat

I'm happy to respond.

I have a few things to say. First of all, if you look carefully, there's not a single statement I made in the explanation that isn't somehow supported by the text, although it's true that I paraphrased in many instances. This is a rich deep passage, dense with information, so there is a great deal to understand about it. Even for a native speaker, there is a lot to understand about this paragraph. For a non-native speakers, the challenges are that much greater.

I will also say that many GMAT students have misunderstandings about this idea of "outside knowledge." It's absolutely true that you don't need to have specific expertise in the particular topics that CR prompts or RC passages discuss--to understand this passage, it is not necessary that you have, for example, read the writings of Hobbes and Locke and Marx and can give details synopses of their positions. Yes, you don't need to have specific and detailed knowledge, but many GMAT students misunderstand this to mean that all outside knowledge is irrelevant. This is WRONG.

See: GMAT Critical Reasoning and Outside Knowledge

You need to understand basic facts about the world. You need to understand basic facts about economics, including economic history. You need to have some rough idea, say, of what communism is and know that Karl Marx is associated with communism. You need to know that for most of the second half of the twentieth century, the world was in the grip of a Cold War between the United States + Western Europe (capitalist) vs. the Soviet Union (communist). You need to understand that the US and Western Europe traditionally have been the advocates of liberty and personal freedom, that communism was understood as a totalitarian system opposed to individual liberty, and even today, the radical Moslem forces such as ISIL are seen as opposing the western understanding of freedom. For example, after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, one of the (lame) explanations given in the US for these attacks was "They hate us for our freedom." You need to understand the major political and economic forces over the past century, and have this a general framework, so that when you encounter any specific RC passage or CR prompt about a specific issue, you can understand it in terms of this larger narrative of history.

You are taking the GMAT to get an MBA. Once you get an MBA, you will get a job working the global economy. You need to understand the world in which you will be doing business--and the GMAT holds you responsible for that.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

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Joined: 24 Oct 2016
Posts: 264
GMAT 1: 670 Q46 V36
Re: For all their significant differences, these philosophers  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2018, 07:13
Got 4/4 correct in 11 min including 5:30 min to read the passage!

Passage Map:
1) PT. Ideal vs Actual
2) WT
3) L increase, S decrease
4) WL, Gap, Recommendation (Main Idea)
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Re: For all their significant differences, these philosophers &nbs [#permalink] 01 Nov 2018, 07:13

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