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For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in

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Re: 1000 SC -- members of the seventeenth-century [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2009, 09:42
ugimba wrote:
306. For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.
(A) a method to protect
(B) as a method protecting
(C) protecting
(D) as a protection of
(E) to protect

please explain .. how do you know/conclude the answer has to be a regular clause or modifier here? or explain a way how you come to the conclusion to get the answer?

C,imo. "protecting" refers to "animal hide-shields"
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Re: 1000 SC -- members of the seventeenth-century [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2009, 15:54
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ugimba wrote:
306. For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.
(A) a method to protect
(B) as a method protecting
(C) protecting
(D) as a protection of
(E) to protect

please explain .. how do you know/conclude the answer has to be a regular clause or modifier here? or explain a way how you come to the conclusion to get the answer?

IMO C). But confused..
"protecting" refers to the "subject + verb" since it is a verb modifier.

A) wrong - noun modified does not modify entire clause, it is not near to noun.
B) as a method to protect - "animal-hide shields" is not method but it is item.
D) as a protection of - same as B.
E) to protect - "infinitive form" cannot modify the clause.
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01 Mar 2011, 08:32
bmwhype2 wrote:
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

Dependent clause, independent clause, participial phrase.

participial phrases are extremely important on the GMAT test. Once I knew what they were, I realized that many questions contain this structure.

Hi, could anyone please explain what participle phrases/clauses mean? I am not at all clear on that concept. It'll be great if anyone could help on this. Thanks.
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13 Mar 2011, 11:17
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deepaksharma1986 wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

Dependent clause, independent clause, participial phrase.

participial phrases are extremely important on the GMAT test. Once I knew what they were, I realized that many questions contain this structure.

Hi, could anyone please explain what participle phrases/clauses mean? I am not at all clear on that concept. It'll be great if anyone could help on this. Thanks.

Hi deepak,

So participial phrases are basically -ING verb phrases that are separated with a comma (,) from the rest of the sentence.

So in this case, "protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears" is the participial phrase.

What is this phrase describing? Structurally, it is positioned to describe "animal-hide shields."

If you're not sure, you can always flip it and read it like this:

"Protecting warriors against enemy arrows, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment."

Ask yourself if this makes sense.

Do "shields" "protect warriors against enemy arrows"? Sure! So you know this makes sense.

You can read more of a detailed explanation of this question here: http://www.gmatpill.com/practice-questi ... orrection/
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14 Mar 2011, 03:34
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shoonya wrote:
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

A) a method to protect
B) as a method protecting
C) protecting
D) as a protection of
E) to protect

Guys, I need to know why the wrong choices are really wrong. Could you please explain your reasons of eliminating an answer choice in this case? I mean all the wrong choices.

thanks

C, The sentence test word choice.
"animal-hide shields" is not a method => eliminate A,B
(D)" as a protection of" is wordy unessarilly
(E):"to protect" we are not talking about the purpose so to-inf is not appropriate here.
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15 Mar 2011, 01:30
Nicely explained GMAT pill. Kudos for you
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18 May 2011, 20:29

what OG says that E could be correct if comma was not there. Is it universal rule that infinitives (to) cannot come just after comma?
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24 May 2011, 08:31
prasforgmat wrote:
Is it universal rule that infinitives (to) cannot come just after comma?

No. There are certainly possibilities where this can be done.
"For lizards, organisms that inhabit the earth, to [X] is to [Y]."
"For lizards, organisms that inhabit the earth, to [die] is to [leave your remains for the rest of the ecosystem]."

In this example "to" is right after a comma.
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31 May 2011, 21:14
OA is C
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15 Jul 2011, 04:15
IMO C as protecting sounds correct being placed after a comma.
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02 Sep 2011, 11:46
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For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.
(A) a method to protect
(B) as a method protecting
(C) protecting
(D) as a protection of
(E) to protect

I see we can eliminate:
1. A and B - "animal-hide shields with wooden frames" isn't a method, but just an equipment. so, eliminated.
2. D - I guess we can accept this without a comma, so eliminated.
3. E - same as D.

Still C doesn't seem to be a best fit. Of the 3 parts we have here separated by commas in this sentence, i guess last part represents a result when it started by a gerund (protecting). We need to have an action or event in the 2nd part before we talk about result. So, i am not 100% convinced.

any thoughts?
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For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2011, 14:44
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For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.
(A) a method to protect
(B) as a method protecting
(C) protecting
(D) as a protection of
(E) to protect

Last edited by abhimahna on 12 Mar 2017, 04:57, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question
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Re: For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2011, 14:46
can anyone explain why we cannot use "to protect" here? the OG explanation is sort of strange. What does it mean by saying that "to protect" cannot act as a nonrestrictive adjectival phrase modifying items? What's nonrestrictive adj.?
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Re: For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2011, 15:40
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miaojunmaggie wrote:
can anyone explain why we cannot use "to protect" here? the OG explanation is sort of strange. What does it mean by saying that "to protect" cannot act as a nonrestrictive adjectival phrase modifying items? What's nonrestrictive adj.?

First of all, in the original sentence, "a method," as a noun, seems most syntactically comparable to another noun. But syntactically it looks as though this "method" refers to "items of military equipment," since adjectives (with the sole exception of predicate adjectives) cannot be separated from the nouns they modify by conjugated verbs. Semantically, we WANT the "method" to be the shields. But that is ungrammatical. Furthermore, a "method" is not strictly speaking a tangible thing such as a shield, so semantically that seems a little bit weird.

It is better to use "protecting" rather than "a method to protect" or even "a method of protecting" since the gerundative phrase can be an adverb and therefore refer to the whole preceding clause.

Second, infinitive phrases tend to work best when they are used as nouns, not as modifiers. "A method to protect" would not be as good as "a method of protecting," particularly since "a method to protect" appears to imply that the method is DESTINED or FORCED to do the protecting.
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04 May 2012, 02:50
Ron said,
abstract noun can refer/modify the preceding clause. So, in A, I can understand that "a method " modify preceding clause.
A is not incorrect.

pls, help explain.
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For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2012, 11:36
For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.
(A) a method to protect
(B) as a method protecting
(C) protecting
(D) as a protection of
(E) to protect
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Re: For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Afr [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2012, 20:29
I think this one is straight forward.
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Re: For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Afr [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2012, 13:07
1022lapog wrote:
I think this one is straight forward.

The OA ia 'C'.
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Re: For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Afr [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2012, 14:09
In Original text "a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears" is a noun modifier modifying military equipment, which is certainly not a method.The original intention of this modifier is to modify "animal-hide Shields"

(A) As explained above
(B)same problem
(C)correct.comma with -Ing form correctly modifying the subject of the previous sentence that is "animal-hide Shields" here.Please note that without the comma it would have been wrong.
(D)same problem
(E)with the comma before it does not convey the intended meaning.
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01 Nov 2012, 04:38
gmatpill wrote:
deepaksharma1986 wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

Dependent clause, independent clause, participial phrase.

participial phrases are extremely important on the GMAT test. Once I knew what they were, I realized that many questions contain this structure.

Hi, could anyone please explain what participle phrases/clauses mean? I am not at all clear on that concept. It'll be great if anyone could help on this. Thanks.

Hi deepak,

So participial phrases are basically -ING verb phrases that are separated with a comma (,) from the rest of the sentence.

So in this case, "protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears" is the participial phrase.

What is this phrase describing? Structurally, it is positioned to describe "animal-hide shields."

If you're not sure, you can always flip it and read it like this:

"Protecting warriors against enemy arrows, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment."

Ask yourself if this makes sense.

Do "shields" "protect warriors against enemy arrows"? Sure! So you know this makes sense.

You can read more of a detailed explanation of this question here: http://www.gmatpill.com/practice-questi ... orrection/

amazing.. Why is D wrong?
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Re: Re:   [#permalink] 01 Nov 2012, 04:38

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