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# For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima

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Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2004
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Location: united states
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2007, 22:16
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For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

(A) a method to protect
(B) as a method protecting
(C) protecting
(D) as a protection of
(E) to protect

Source : The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 12th Edition
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 28 May 2017, 05:20, edited 3 times in total.
OA not provided
Director
Joined: 26 Feb 2006
Posts: 899
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2007, 23:15
shoonya wrote:
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

A) a method to protect
B) as a method protecting
C) protecting
D) as a protection of
E) to protect

Guys, I need to know why the wrong choices are really wrong. Could you please explain your reasons of eliminating an answer choice in this case? I mean all the wrong choices.

I appreciate your inputs.

thanks

C.

A) a method to protect => its not a method.
B) as a method protecting => use of as wrong.
C) protecting => participal modifier - correct for me.
D) as a protection of => same as b.
E) to protect => infinitive is wrong.
CEO
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2739
Location: New York City
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2007, 11:54
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For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

Dependent clause, independent clause, participial phrase.

participial phrases are extremely important on the GMAT test. Once I knew what they were, I realized that many questions contain this structure.
Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 914
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2007, 14:29
bmwhype2 wrote:
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

Dependent clause, independent clause, participial phrase.

participial phrases are extremely important on the GMAT test. Once I knew what they were, I realized that many questions contain this structure.

Just out of curiousity, what other orders are possible for the three items in order for a sentence to be GMAT-ically correct?

Last edited by beckee529 on 31 Jul 2007, 22:21, edited 1 time in total.
Director
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 860
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2007, 14:57
beckee529 wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

Dependent clause, independent clause, participial phrase.

participial phrases are extremely important on the GMAT test. Once I knew what they were, I realized that many questions contain this structure.

Just out of curiousity, what other orders are possible for the three items in order for a sentence to me GMAT-ically correct?

As far as I know, they can come in any combination, bar participal phrase cannot modify dependent clause.

Participal phrase attached to the independent clause with a comma modifies a subject of the independent clause

In the example below, "protecting blah blah...." is modifying "animal-hide shields with wooden frames".

For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.
CEO
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2739
Location: New York City
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2007, 12:54
botirvoy wrote:
beckee529 wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

Dependent clause, independent clause, participial phrase.

participial phrases are extremely important on the GMAT test. Once I knew what they were, I realized that many questions contain this structure.

Just out of curiousity, what other orders are possible for the three items in order for a sentence to me GMAT-ically correct?

Participal phrase attached to the independent clause with a comma modifies a subject of the independent clause

Someone should write down the rules for participial phrases...

Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise as well as the weather, which was colder and wetter than usual in some regions, slowing sales of barbecue grills and lawn furniture.
CEO
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Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2007, 13:11
bmwhype2 wrote:
botirvoy wrote:
beckee529 wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

Dependent clause, independent clause, participial phrase.

participial phrases are extremely important on the GMAT test. Once I knew what they were, I realized that many questions contain this structure.

Just out of curiousity, what other orders are possible for the three items in order for a sentence to me GMAT-ically correct?

Participal phrase attached to the independent clause with a comma modifies a subject of the independent clause

Someone should write down the rules for participial phrases...

Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise as well as the weather, which was colder and wetter than usual in some regions, slowing sales of barbecue grills and lawn furniture.

Astronomers have theorized that the Big Bang governs the behavior of interstellar dust, particles that comprise the atoms and molecules created in the progenitive explosion and persisting in even the emptiest regions of space
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Joined: 05 Aug 2007
Posts: 1499
Schools: NYU Stern '11
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2008, 13:12
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I think the placement of the comma before the underlined portion is key here. You do not use a comma before an infinitive that expresses purpose - therefore: "..., to protect warriors against...." is incorrect because of the comma.
Director
Joined: 01 Jan 2008
Posts: 622
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2008, 15:22
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I agree with C. I used the same logic of looking at the comma to eliminate E.
Director
Joined: 30 Jun 2007
Posts: 786
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2008, 23:51
The sentence has modifier issue

(A) a method to protect (“military equipment” cannot modify “a method” – Eliminate it)

(B) as a method protecting (“military equipment” cannot modify “as a method” – Eliminate it)

(C) protecting (“military equipment” can modify “protecting” – Hold it)

(D) as a protection of (“military equipment” cannot modify “as a protection” – Eliminate it)

(E) to protect (“military equipment” cannot modify “to protect” – Eliminate it)

VP
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Posts: 1408
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2008, 11:03
I dont see any method in the sentence. A & B out

No need to use as. We don't have viewed X as Y or Used X as Y scenario

protecting is clear as it modifies the Animal shields

My pick C
Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Nov 2006
Posts: 265
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2008, 11:09
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For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

A. a method to protect
Shields are not methods....kung fu is a method :D
B. as a method protecting
Shields are not methods....kung fu is a method :D
C. protecting
they do not protect them now....it was in the 17th century.
D. as a protection of
Awkward use
E. to protect
Correct

lol...I got this correct earlier on...and forgot about my fundamentls...damn....here's the reasoing from my previous post...

"Honestly it took me more than a minute to answer this. Here's my reasoning

I chose C

D was the first option that i eliminated as

, as a protection of what?? warriors ??....well we never say as a protection of who...do we?? .....nonetheless both are not idiomatic...

A and B were out because weapons are forms of self - defense and not ways/methods of self-defense. We can say Karate is method but do we say knife/gun is a method??....errrr no...

I got stuck with E, cause 'to protect someone' is grammatically correct , such as 'I want you to protect him', but the issue now comes down to modifiers. So in our previous example we would not go about writing 'I want you, to protect him' but the usage of 'x, protecting him' where protecting modifies x is the right usage. Trust me the ',' makes the difference here.... "

Its C guys!!!

Last edited by Ashwin_Mohan on 15 Jul 2008, 12:12, edited 1 time in total.
Senior Manager
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Posts: 272
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2008, 11:45
goalsnr wrote:
For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

A. a method to protect

B. as a method protecting

C. protecting

D. as a protection of

E. to protect

IMO C is the correct answer here
the issue with usage of E emanates from the fact that it will commit a modifier error
here is how
"Military equipments" to protect

i think this is an OG problem
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VP
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Posts: 1342
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2008, 15:57
OA is C.

here is my explanation:
This SC is in the form of DC,IC,DC

"a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears "- is a sentence that can standby itself. We convert the independent clause
to a subordinate clause by adding "participle" -"protecting"
Manager
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Posts: 113
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2008, 09:42
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To confirm:

so the participial phrase (protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears) in our case modifies the independent clause (its subject) (animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment) and not the noun (military equipment). Is that correct?

-> Would the following structure be incorrect then?
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment that protected warriors against enemy arrows and spears

What do you guys think?
Director
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Posts: 732
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2009, 07:47
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306. For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.
(A) a method to protect
(B) as a method protecting
(C) protecting
(D) as a protection of
(E) to protect

please explain .. how do you know/conclude the answer has to be a regular clause or modifier here? or explain a way how you come to the conclusion to get the answer?
Senior Manager
Joined: 24 Feb 2007
Posts: 263
Location: nj
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2009, 09:42
ugimba wrote:
306. For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.
(A) a method to protect
(B) as a method protecting
(C) protecting
(D) as a protection of
(E) to protect

please explain .. how do you know/conclude the answer has to be a regular clause or modifier here? or explain a way how you come to the conclusion to get the answer?

C,imo. "protecting" refers to "animal hide-shields"
Manager
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Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2009, 15:54
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ugimba wrote:
306. For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.
(A) a method to protect
(B) as a method protecting
(C) protecting
(D) as a protection of
(E) to protect

please explain .. how do you know/conclude the answer has to be a regular clause or modifier here? or explain a way how you come to the conclusion to get the answer?

IMO C). But confused..
"protecting" refers to the "subject + verb" since it is a verb modifier.

A) wrong - noun modified does not modify entire clause, it is not near to noun.
B) as a method to protect - "animal-hide shields" is not method but it is item.
D) as a protection of - same as B.
E) to protect - "infinitive form" cannot modify the clause.
Intern
Joined: 16 Nov 2010
Posts: 22
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2011, 08:32
bmwhype2 wrote:
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

Dependent clause, independent clause, participial phrase.

participial phrases are extremely important on the GMAT test. Once I knew what they were, I realized that many questions contain this structure.

Hi, could anyone please explain what participle phrases/clauses mean? I am not at all clear on that concept. It'll be great if anyone could help on this. Thanks.
SVP
Joined: 14 Apr 2009
Posts: 2085
Location: New York, NY
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2011, 11:17
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deepaksharma1986 wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

Dependent clause, independent clause, participial phrase.

participial phrases are extremely important on the GMAT test. Once I knew what they were, I realized that many questions contain this structure.

Hi, could anyone please explain what participle phrases/clauses mean? I am not at all clear on that concept. It'll be great if anyone could help on this. Thanks.

Hi deepak,

So participial phrases are basically -ING verb phrases that are separated with a comma (,) from the rest of the sentence.

So in this case, "protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears" is the participial phrase.

What is this phrase describing? Structurally, it is positioned to describe "animal-hide shields."

If you're not sure, you can always flip it and read it like this:

"Protecting warriors against enemy arrows, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment."

Ask yourself if this makes sense.

Do "shields" "protect warriors against enemy arrows"? Sure! So you know this makes sense.

You can read more of a detailed explanation of this question here: http://www.gmatpill.com/practice-questi ... orrection/
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima   [#permalink] 13 Mar 2011, 11:17

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# For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in Africa, anima

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