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# For more than five decades, the IMF has been implementing

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15 Jul 2013, 00:14
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For more than five decades, the IMF has been implementing its structural adjustment policies in developing countries as a way toward improved economic outcomes and demands financial transparency from participating governments.

(A) -
(B) improved economic outcomes and demanding
(C) improving economic outcomes and a demand for
(D) economically improved outcomes and demands
(E) improved economic outcomes and demanded

- this one kind of blew my mind up
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: For more than five decades, the IMF has been implementing [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 00:18
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I guess the answer is based on the parallelism between implementing and demanding, thus it should be, "B".

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Re: For more than five decades, the International Monetary Fund has been i [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2016, 20:41
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alpham wrote:
For more than five decades, the International Monetary Fund has been implementing its structural adjustment policies in developing countries as a way toward improved economic outcomes and demands financial transparency from participating governments.

A. improved economic outcomes and demands

B. improved economic outcomes and demanding

C. improving economic outcomes and a demand for

D. economically improved outcomes and demands

E. improved economic outcomes and demanded

This is a tricky parallelism questions: The IMF has been implementing <blah..> and demand

so demanding is in choice B. the tricky part of the issue is we tend to focus on improve/improving.
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Re: For more than five decades, the IMF has been implementing [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 00:20
DelPiero wrote:
I guess the answer is based on the parallelism between implementing and demanding, thus it should be, "B".

Yeah it was really confusing for me at first, because I wanted to compare it with improve. Nice
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Re: For more than five decades, the IMF has been implementing [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 02:13
Good one Mat. Got me thinking for a while; kept looking for the parallel element which made sense.
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Re: For more than five decades, the IMF has been implementing [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2015, 15:47
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Re: For more than five decades, the IMF has been implementing [#permalink]

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10 May 2016, 04:05
wow it really is a tricky one, spent full 2 mins on finding fault.
eliminating modifiers helped to reduce the clutter.
as...IMF implementing X and demanding Y.
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Re: For more than five decades, the IMF has been implementing [#permalink]

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10 May 2016, 12:52
mattce wrote:
For more than five decades, the IMF has been implementing its structural adjustment policies in developing countries as a way toward improved economic outcomes and demands financial transparency from participating governments.

(A) -
(B) improved economic outcomes and demanding
(C) improving economic outcomes and a demand for
(D) economically improved outcomes and demands
(E) improved economic outcomes and demanded

- this one kind of blew my mind up

Parallelism works the best here.

For more than five decades, the IMF has been implementing its structural adjustment policies in developing countries as a way toward improved economic outcomes and demanding financial transparency from participating governments.

Hence IMHO (B)
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Re: For more than five decades, the IMF has been implementing [#permalink]

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10 May 2016, 21:04
Abhishek009 wrote:
mattce wrote:
For more than five decades, the IMF has been implementing its structural adjustment policies in developing countries as a way toward improved economic outcomes and demands financial transparency from participating governments.

(A) -
(B) improved economic outcomes and demanding
(C) improving economic outcomes and a demand for
(D) economically improved outcomes and demands
(E) improved economic outcomes and demanded

- this one kind of blew my mind up

Parallelism works the best here.

For more than five decades, the IMF has been implementing its structural adjustment policies in developing countries as a way toward improved economic outcomes and demanding financial transparency from participating governments.

Hence IMHO (B)

Also,

among
(i) improved economic outcomes, (ii) improving economic outcomes and (iii) economically improved outcomes:

In (i) ' economic outcomes' is the main noun (which are improved) -> correct
(ii) improving is the main noun (or gerund) (economic outcomes is the object) -> incorrect
(iii) 'economically' changes meaning altogether -> incorrect

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For more than five decades, the International Monetary Fund has been i [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2016, 13:45
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For more than five decades, the International Monetary Fund has been implementing its structural adjustment policies in developing countries as a way toward improved economic outcomes and demands financial transparency from participating governments.

A. improved economic outcomes and demands

B. improved economic outcomes and demanding

C. improving economic outcomes and a demand for

D. economically improved outcomes and demands

E. improved economic outcomes and demanded

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For more than five decades, the International Monetary Fund has been i [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2016, 22:49
Top Contributor
For more than five decades, the International Monetary Fund has been implementing its structural adjustment policies in developing countries as a way toward improved economic outcomes and demands financial transparency from participating governments.

A. improved economic outcomes and demands .......>parallel error(comparable sentence parts must be structurally and logically similar)

B. improved economic outcomes and demanding ......>Correct

C. improving economic outcomes and a demand for .........>wrong parallel element ,false parallelism(as a way......and.....a demand)

D. economically improved outcomes and demands ......>parallel error,Wrong for the same reason as Answer Choice A

E. improved economic outcomes and demanded .........>false parallelism(You always must figure out which grammatical structures are logically parallel before making them structurally parallel.)

-------------------------------
Intended meaning:International Monetary Fund do two tasks.....Implement....... and.....demand (so,parallel element is verb)

Parallelism:The presence of "and"(Parallel Marker) in the original sentence indicates that parallelism issue tested here,so resolving parallel issue(Is it correct parallelism?/Is it false parallelism?/Is the parallelism really needed here?) is the first task to do.

Only answer Choice B matched with correct parallelism:

For more than five decades, the International Monetary Fund has been implementing its structural adjustment policies in developing countries as a way toward improved economic outcomes and demanding financial transparency from participating governments.

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Re: For more than five decades, the IMF has been implementing [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2017, 06:37
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: For more than five decades, the IMF has been implementing   [#permalink] 10 Jul 2017, 06:37
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